As we age and become older we change physically and mentally. Delirium, Depression, and Dementia are some of the most common psychological diagnoses in older people today. This will affect the health of the person and others will affect the quality of life that the person will have. Older adult tends to be more affected than younger adults. Depression is a common mental disorder, characterized by sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, having the feelings of guilt or low self-worth, having disturbed sleep or appetite, or feelings of tiredness, and having poor concentration. Fear of falling is also a commonly reported specific phobia in older adults that can develop in adulthood (Wolitzky-Taylor et al., 2010; Mohlman et al., 2012). Depression …show more content…
Depression could be caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain that medication can correct. It is suggested that depression among older adults can be detected early if family members, and other people within the community recognize the warning signs. People experiencing depression are often sad and sometimes are having crying spells. They often are restless and have difficulty times sleeping. They feel fatigued and irritable and often have feelings of shame or worthlessness. Sometimes when older adults feel bored or lose interest in activities that they once enjoyed. When experiencing depression, they often have a hard time concentrating and making their own decisions. People who has problems with dementia may also be at risk of mal-nutrition. People with dementia rely on others to help them to organize their day to day life such as preparing their meals. People with dementia are at risk of mal-nutrition because they may not be physically able to provide themselves with a balanced diet, there may also be the issue that they are not able to remember whether they have eaten and therefore decide not to make themselves. Dementia is a progressive diagnosis that can take place over months or years.
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Dementia is not a specific illness. It 's an overall term that describes a range of symptoms associated with a decline in memory or other thinking skills severe enough to cut a person 's ability to do everyday activities. Alzheimer disease accounts for 60 to 80 percent of cases. Vascular dementia, which occurs after a stroke, is the second most common dementia type. Dementia is often incorrectly referred to as "senility" or "senile dementia," which reflects the formerly widespread but incorrect belief that serious mental decline is a normal part of aging.
Sometimes, dementia may have similar symptoms with other psychiatric diseases; however, medical specialists have developed a complex system to identify this illness. National Institute for Neurologial and Communicative Disorders and Stroke-Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Disorders Association define dementia based on the following criteria: 1) decline in cognitive functioning; 2) low score on the neuropsychological test; 3) neuropsychiatric dysfunction in minimum two cognitive areas; 4) absence of delirium (Zahdi and Ham 59). The first criterion is crucial. In order to obtain the detailed history of decline in the patient’s cognitive functions, the specialists should interview a person who has known the patient for a relatively long time and can share detailed information about the person’s cognitive disabilities and the time they started. Such cognitive dysfunctions may include
Depression Depression is the feeling of severe despondency and dejection or a mental condition. Being depressed is a normal reaction to a lost life, struggle, or injured self esteem. Depression also has many symptoms in which sometimes can cause a human their life. It's okay to feel sad and lonely up to the point when the feelings become overwhelming or when they involve physical symptoms that are long-term. These feelings can lead someone from not keeping a normal and active life.
Common Types of Dementia In general, dementia is defined as “a deterioration of cognitive functioning that impacts one’s ability to meet the intellectual demands of their daily life” (Maitra, 2007, p 184). Though there are multiple types of dementia, there is no specific testing to diagnose these different types. The symptoms and behavioral effects of the disease are used to help the doctor determine which form of dementia the patient most likely has. Symptoms can either onset slowly or show up as a rapid decline in ones cognitive function (Maitra, 2007).
Mild depression is often characterized by anxiety, obsessive thoughts or actions, lack of interest in activities that the person used to enjoy, mood swings, and a general blue mood. Changes in your lifestyle, diet, relaxation practices, a regular amount of sleep, and supplementing with certain vitamins and minerals can improve the symptoms of mild depression and help you get your life back. Another cause of depression can be the emotional pain felt after losing a loved one. In many cases the loss can be very traumatic.
In the Merriam Webster Dictionary, it states that depression can be a feeling of sadness, anger, anxiety, psychotic disorder that can be followed by sadness, inactivity, difficulty thinking and concentrating, decrease or increase on appetite, sleeping all day or not sleeping, hopelessness, and sometimes suicidal
Elderly people need special attention. One of the common age-related problem that affects a person’s ability to think, decrease in daily functioning, and memory loss that gets worsen through time is what we called dementia. It commonly occurs to elderly but is not considered as a normal part of aging. Dementia is defined as: “a syndrome – usually of a chronic or progressive nature – in which there is deterioration in cognitive function (i.e. the ability to process thought) beyond what might be expected from normal ageing. It affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language, and judgement.
Depression is an internalizing disorder that creates feelings of sadness, guilt and reduces energy. It has the ability to make small tasks seem very overwhelming. Depression affects aspects involving ones emotions, motivation, behavior, cognition and physicality’s. People who have reported depression are more women than men and they report having a loss of drive and spontaneity. Many of the common symptoms are feeling sad and miserable or even embarrassed and not being able to find pleasure in anything.
Depression is arguably one of the most commonly diagnosed mental health disorders and the World Health Organisation estimates that there are about 350 million sufferers worldwide (WHO, 2012). Depression is defined as a mood disorder where individuals experience long periods of clinical depression, this makes the sufferer’s ability to function normally each day extremely difficult and also causes great distress for the individual (Davey, 2015). Sutherland (1998) described “feelings of utter despondency, worthlessness, guilt, inability to concentrate and a loss of self-regard” (p. 101) in his own account of depression and suggests that these symptoms can be accompanied by high levels of anxiety. Other symptoms Sutherland (1998) mentions include changes in eating and sleeping patterns, a slowness of speech, thought processing and bodily movement and an increase in negative thoughts. There are various explanations for the causes of major depression and this essay will compare and contrast two of the most dominant explanations which are biological and psychological explanations.
Alzheimer disease is a form of dementia caused by the destruction of brain cells. Alzheimer disease currently affects 60-80% of all cases of dementia, and people over the age of 70 are at a greater risk of developing it (“Alzheimer’s Disease”, 2011). History of disease: Alzheimer’s disease was named after the German physiologist who first introduced dementia’s neurological characteristics in 1906 (Jia, 2014). Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive brain disease that destroys the memory and thinking skills of the affected person.
This is the longest stage of Alzheimer`s and may last for many years. At this point, the person with Alzheimer`s will start getting frustrated and start showing signs of angry emotions quickly. Individuals are more apt to show unexpected behaviors, such as refusing to take a shower or eat. Since Alzheimer`s is caused by damage to the nerve cells in the brain, it makes it difficult to perform daily routines and express thoughts. Noticeable symptoms may include, forgetfulness of personal information, confusion about their location, difficulty choosing the proper clothing, difficulty controlling their bladder, problems sleeping or changes in their sleep pattern, risk of wandering off and getting lost, and suspicion and delusional
Slowly the degradation leads to the inability to accomplish common tasks. Alzheimer’s is the most common source of dementia. Dementia is the term for symptoms that consist of troubles with thinking, processing of information, and memory loss.
However effective treatment of depressed older adults, it often occurs with other medical illnesses and disabilities and it doubles an elderly person's risk of cardiac problems and increases their risk of death from this illness. Many research studies shown that the presence of depression increases the chances of death and depression reduces an elderly person's
Alzheimer’s Disease is defined as a progressive mental deterioration, that can occur in the middle of old age, due to generalized degeneration of the brain. It is the most common form of Dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking, and behavior. Alzheimer’s can, also, impact other cognitive abilities that can lead to interference with the daily life. This disease accounts for 60 to 80 percent of Dementia cases.