Depression may be explained by unhealthy cognitive processes, including distorted thinking and schemas. Those with depression often have many distortions surrounding their personal life. The distortions are demonstrated by depressed people emphasizing their own failure and being overly humble. (Beck, Rush, Shaw, & Emery, 1979). In addition to the augmented thinking, labelling cognitive processes as distorted thinking can lead one to believe that they themselves are at fault for the way their brain works.
In the middle stage patients may experience: increased memory loss and confusion, problems recognizing family and friends, continuously repeat stories, favorite things, things that they want, or motions, decreased ability to perform complex tasks or handle personal finances, lack of concern for hygiene and appearance, or requiring assistance in choosing proper clothing to wear for day, season, or occasion. In the late stage, there is almost total memory loss, and patients may: recognize faces but forget names, mistake a person for someone else, experience delusions, such as thinking they need to go to work even though they no longer have a job,
People’s bodies can be greatly affected by a concussion. Concussions can affect people’s lives in many ways; one of them is mentally. Some examples are depression, anxiety, and mood swings. Depression involves, “…feeling sad or worthless, changes in sleep or appetite, difficulty concentrating, withdrawing from others, loss of interest or pleasure in life, lethargy (feeling tired and sluggish), or thoughts of death or suicide.” (Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center). Also used by the Model Systems Knowledge Translation Center; anxiety causes to feel nervousness or also to worry a lot.
According to nimh.nih.gov schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects the way a person think, feels and behaves. Many people who have schizophrenia feel like that he or she may lose touch with reality. There are 3 categories that symptoms fall into: positive, negative and cognitive. Positive symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, and thought and movement disorders. Negative symptoms include rarely showing emotions, losing pleasure in everyday life, difficulties beginning and sustaining activities and reduced speaking.
Social isolation has been linked to poorer health in the older adult including an increased risk for depression and a decrease in their quality of life. This paper will discuss the different cognitive and social factors that contribute to social isolation and how they affect the elderly population. The signs and symptoms of depression and medication side effects that can also contribute to social isolation will also be discussed by using the START/STOP criteria. This paper will also explore the perspective of the older adult as related to the factors that contribute to social isolation, as well as the nurse’s role in identifying and minimizing social isolation in the older
There are three major public health concerns that distinguish this population from the normative population, this population has greater social economic problems, health problem, and higher mortality rate in society. Let start examining this population health issues. One of the health issues this population experience is cognitive Impairment, due to unattended dementia, depression, or uncontrollable substance usage, these factors decrease elderly homeless cognitive abilities. This will prevent them from seeking assistance and making the right decision that will benefit them. They also suffer from other chronic illnesses that worsen or advance quickly due to lack of health assistance.
Mental health challenges come in many forms. For some individuals, addiction impacts every area of their life. Their relationships are suffering, they are in danger of losing their job, or they suffer from anxiety. Couples often encounter challenges as they blend their lives together. What previously attracted them to the other person now annoys them, and the relationship falters as a result.
Clinical depression is a mood disorder that creates an consistent sense of melancholy or even a lost of interests that could vary from hobbies, family, and friends. Anxiety differs from depression because it is a mood disorder that is identified by excessive feelings of worry that translate into or has a major impact on a person’s daily life.
In fact, chronic pain becomes the disease, and impairs quality of life as significant comorbidities in post-ICU patients (Puntilo & Naidu 2016). Poor pain control can result in increased morbidity or mortality. Additionally, pain can also evoke stress response, suppress natural killer cell activity, increase circulating catecholamines, cause catabolic hypermetabolism, catabolic stimulation, and hypoxemia. Unrelieved pain reduces patient mobility, resulting in complications such as deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary, embolus, and pneumonia (Wells, Pasero, & McCaffery, 2008). These are all problems that can interfere with quality of life.
Other aspects that leave our aging population vulnerable include elder abuse, discrimination, housing needs, depression/anxiety issues, and alcohol abuse. Adjusting to retirement and grand parenting are other stress factors. One aspect that I have to agree with is how the media portrays the elderly. Much of it depicts our elderly population as incompetent, frail, and cognitively impaired. The unfortunate part for many is that they are dependent on children, grandchildren, family, and caregivers that do not genuinely care about their health and well-being.
Mild depression is often characterized by anxiety, obsessive thoughts or actions, lack of interest in activities that the person used to enjoy, mood swings, and a general blue mood. Changes in your lifestyle, diet, relaxation practices, a regular amount of sleep, and supplementing with certain vitamins and minerals can improve the symptoms of mild depression and help you get your life back. Another cause of depression can be the emotional pain felt after losing a loved one. In many cases the loss can be very traumatic. Some depression is brought on after years of physical, emotional or sexual abuse.
The elderly are bombarded by the life changes that plunge otherwise content people into depression. They have often lost multiple loved ones, face leaving their long-time homes and memories, experience the pain and loss of grown children moving away, and go through an incremental loss of their independence, all of which are hard pills to swallow and can lead to emotional instability. They are also at increased risk for depression due to the many other diseases that are contributing factors, diseases that they are statistically more likely to be dealing with in their golden years, often one on top of another. Thyroid problems, cancers, heart disease, stroke, Parkinson 's, and dementia all place one at greater risk of developing diagnosable depression.
Depression is an internalizing disorder that creates feelings of sadness, guilt and reduces energy. It has the ability to make small tasks seem very overwhelming. Depression affects aspects involving ones emotions, motivation, behavior, cognition and physicality’s. People who have reported depression are more women than men and they report having a loss of drive and spontaneity. Many of the common symptoms are feeling sad and miserable or even embarrassed and not being able to find pleasure in anything.
One symptom is having flashbacks and also sometimes nightmares, which relive a certain trauma. Another is avoiding reminders of the trauma such as places, people, or certain activities (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)). People with PTSD also tend to lack interest in activities that they used to enjoy or spend less time with people he or she was once close to. Oftentimes, one will have a decrease in positive emotions and some people can be very irritable up to and including aggressive outbursts. Anxiety and insomnia are found in patients suffering from PTSD and many other disorders, but one symptom specific to PTSD is a strong feeling of paranoia.