Elderly people need special attention. One of the common age-related problem that affects a person’s ability to think, decrease in daily functioning, and memory loss that gets worsen through time is what we called dementia. It commonly occurs to elderly but is not considered as a normal part of aging. Dementia is defined as: “a syndrome – usually of a chronic or progressive nature – in which there is deterioration in cognitive function (i.e. the ability to process thought) beyond what might be expected from normal ageing. It affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language, and judgement. Consciousness is not affected. The impairment in cognitive function is commonly accompanied, and occasionally
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
Introduction Alzheimer’s is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and gets worse over time. The most common early symptom is difficulty in remembering recent events or short memory loss. As the disease advances, symptoms can include difficulty with language, disorientation, mood swing and behavior problems. As a person 's condition progressed, they often withdraw from friends and family. Slowly, bodily functions deteriorated and eventually death occurs.
There are different types of dementia and are described as follows: Fig 1.2 (a) different types of dementia with their percentages There are different types of dementia are Alzheimer’s, vascular, mixed, dementia with lewy’s body and frontotemporal dementia etc. and there are other types of dementia too such as AIDS dementia, Parkinson’s dementia etc. The Alzheimer’s is most common form of dementia. Let us describe the each of them in detail: Alzheimer’s dementia: Fig 1.2(b) area of brain affected and cross-section that is seen from the front in Alzheimer’s dementia.
Dementia is a disorder which causes the brain cells to deteriorate therefor causes a decline in several symptoms and affects a person’s mentality, capacity and how they go about their everyday life. NVQ 1.2 2) Describe the functions of the brain that are affected by dementia. There are many brain functions affected by dementia depending on which form of dementia the individual has. The temporal lobe’s functions affected are Memory loss for example forgetting things you have just been told or something you have just said so repeating yourself several times, balance, posture and vision can also be affected due to decline in health of the temporal lobe. Frontal lobe affects behaviour for example becoming withdrawn.
Eldercare and Eating Safely The National Institute of Health reports that nearly 48 million Americans get sick each year from eating contaminated food. The illness is seldom fatal, but seniors are not only at greater risk of becoming ill from contaminated foods, but they are at greater risk of severe complications. The two best-known causes of the illnesses are the E.coli and salmonella bacteria. One of the reasons seniors are at greater risk for food poisoning is that their stomachs do not produce as much stomach acid as they did when they were younger.
Researchers estimate that dementia will impact one in 85 people by the year 2050. Will there ever be a cure for this devastating disease? (1) There are many types of Dementia which is a disease of the nervous system that affects the brain function that is common for the elderly. I will be telling you about some of the types the signs, symptoms, medication and how people can cope with this disease of the nervous system.
The memory process is a complex process of different types of memory that affect different parts of the brain. When a person thinks of memory, they can think of two types of memory. The two common types are short-term and long-term memory. However, there are different types of memory. There are also factors that can affect a person’s memory and have a great effect on the can dramatically alter.
Dementia is one of the most feared diseases and expensive to society currently. It is defined as a clinical syndrome of acquired cognitive impairment that determines decrease of intellectual enough capacity to interfere social and functional performance of the individual and their quality of life. It is a known fact that patients tend to express themselves through their behaviour and expect their carers to understand this notion. The diverse kinds of causes of different behaviours are inability to communicate, difficulty with tasks, unfamiliar surroundings, loud noises, frantic environment, and physical discomfort. Many diseases can cause dementia, some of which may be reversible.
An elderly person is most likely considered to be 65 years of age, or older. According to the World Health Organization, “the number of people today aged 60 and over has doubled since 1980.” Elderly people can often face new challenges as they age, including declines in both physical and mental function. As J.W. Beattie describes, some signs of physical decline include “increasing difficulty in the dark, increasing liability to falls…and increasing reduction of mobility long before any real infirmity may arise,” and signs of mental decline may be found “in accuracy of judgment…in reaction time, in performance time…in the ability to retrain without previous allied experience, and in the ability to learn new material of various kinds.” Other challenges that the elderly face are going into retirement, experiencing feelings of loneliness, and accepting their mortality.
Dementia is on the rise: Caregiver’s are the “silent victims.” This workshop will provide an overview on mental health implications of caregiver burden and role transition. Mental health of caregivers will be explored through the lens of stress theory, role theory, grounded optimism, grief, communication skills, and coping skills. The need for help and support that individual and family interventions provide may improve the quality of life for the caregiver, which in turn may improve the quality of life for the care recipient. Specific mental disorders that will be covered include depression, anxiety, and substance use.
Alzheimer’s disease Alzheimer’s is the most common type of dementia. This is a disease that destroys the memory in the brain and other important mental functions. There is no known cure for this disease, but treatment can help you slow down the memory loss. Treatment consist of doing puzzles, memory games and talking about things that have happened to you in the past.
Elderly people aged 65 and over are one of the most widely affected groups by malnutrition in Australia. It has been estimated by the University of Wollongong that around 30 percent of hospitalised elderly Australians are malnourished, while another 50 percent are at high risk of malnutrition. General deterioration of physical and mental health from ageing can result in malnutrition. In combination with this, changes in lifestyle for elderly people often lead to loneliness, boredom and worry, prompting a worsened diet. Elderly people often experience physical changes in the body which can result in low levels of necessary nutrients.
The normal ageing process involves different types of alterations with repercussions on motor (e.g. less mobility), cognitive (e.g. attention capacity or short-term memory) or social (e.g. smaller social networks) capacities. These alterations influence per-ceived abilities, such as increasing difficulty of focusing on nearby objects or distin-guishing them in poorly lit environments or even less ability to perform multitasking . Consequently, diverse barriers tend to hamper the daily lives of older people, in particular about decision-making, problem-solving or day-to-day planning. On the other hand, ageing is associated with many chronic diseases that influence the quality of older adults. All these circumstances have implications for
Old age is the period of ages nearing or surpassing the average life span of human being. Depression is a most prevalent mental health problem of senior citizens. The emerging changes in our social and cultural changes affect the mental health status of the older persons. They have signs of depression like isolation, withdrawal, and insecurity feeling, insomnia, hopeless, loneliness etc. The social work methods like case work, group work and social work research helps to identify their needs, causes of their problems, utilizations and importance of welfare measures.