The insanity defense gives the judge and jury to decide if the defendants are not criminally responsible. It is kind of like a child who accidentally started a fire, they don’t know any better and should not be treated as an arsonist. It originated in 1843 when Daniel McNaughton planned to kill the British prime minister at the time, Robert Peel. He did not succeed but ended up killing Peel’s secretary. McNaughton believed that the government was out to get him and a panel of judges came up with the guideline for insanity called the McNaughton Rule. According to Scientific American the McNaughton rule is as follows, “to be declared insane, defendants must either not have known what they were doing at the time or not have realized their actions
The exact causes of MDD are unknown. It is believed that chemical imbalances in the brain are responsible. This may be due by a problem with the genes; it can be triggered by stressful or tragic event or most likely a combination of both. Major Depression may also be brought on by some medical conditions such as an underactive thyroid, cancer, or long-term pain. It could also be trigged by substance abuse, certain medications such as steroids, sleeping problems, stressful life events such as the loss or illness of a loved one, child abuse, divorce, neglect,
Mental illness has always been a problem but it is now recently that the awareness for it has increased, with depression being one of the main illnesses. There are many medicines for treating depression that are widely used, but like so many medicines people do not actually understand what happens in the body once the drug has been taken. Through this essay I hope to explore the different types of drugs used to treat depression and how they work within the body. The symptoms of clinical depression are described as being in a state of low mood that can last for months that affects a person’s thoughts and behaviour leading to them having a lack of productivity. There are
Other symptoms include loss in things that you used to find pleasure in, lack of energy, slower thought process, thoughts of death or suicide, increase or decrease in appetite and interrupted sleep or even the inability to sleep. It is believed that there are two main causes to clinical depression; psychological factors and biomedical factors. Psychological factors are situations such as progressive negative thoughts towards ones self or the world around them. Biomedical factors are often revolved around the decrease of neurotransmitters being released into the brain. The main neurotransmitters that cause problems if they are not released properly or there are not enough of them in the brain are serotonin and norepinephrine. Often times when these symptoms are present, but the victim is not diagnosed, their depression could last four months or longer than if it was treated right away. Clinical depression can have an extensive existence as it can last two or more years and that’s why it is so important to see a doctor right away if you experience these
Many people with depression have plenty different ways to treat their illness. There is medication, psychotherapy, group therapy, or more specific therapies, such as CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy). Before beginning any sort of treatment, it’s always best to go to a doctor for assistance. The doctor will be able to find the right path for treating the individual’s depression. More often, medication is what most people turn to when treating depression.
For decades, the definition of Major Depression (MD) has been an issue, in part due to the complexity of the disorder. Issues include whether the disorder is a categorical one, in that people are either have the symptoms or not, or more of a dimensional approach, where the symptoms vary in intensity between people (Cole, McGuffin & Farmer, 2008.) For the purpose of this essay, depression is defined as a mood disorder involving emotional, motivational, behavioural, physical and cognitive symptoms (Davey, 2011). According to the Diagnostics and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th Edition (DSM V), symptoms of MD include “markedly diminished interest or pleasure in activities, insomnia or hypersomnia, feelings of worthlessness and recurrent
The term depression is the feeling of despondency and dejection. Depression is often caused by, “stressful events such as marital problems or the death of a loved one”(re:MIND). These events can happen at any age making the risk of depression common. Doctors still don’t know the exact cause of depression, but it can be genetically passed down making a child, teen, or adult more exposed to depression. Doctors usually have an easy time diagnosing depression by asking simple questions or during a yearly physical. Doctors may also do lab tests to check for certain medical conditions that may cause depression. There are all sorts of signs and symptoms of depression and most left untreated can go as far as committing suicide. These include uncontrollable
sleep, and loss of appetite, concentration and memory issues and not being able to enjoy normal
“Depression is a disorder most commonly associated with adolescent suicide” (Hittleman 1). When the pain is too hard to endure, some choose to intentionally end their own lives. Teens usually face more difficulties than tweens, yet they’re not as mature as adults, making them the most vulnerable victims of depression. In Jay Asher’s novel Thirteen Reasons Why, he made an accurate portrayal of depression by delineating the pessimistic thoughts of protagonist Hannah Baker throughout her story, and without receiving succor from her friends, teachers or parents, committed suicide to end an unabated affliction.
Hypothyroidism is an insidious condition that appears as multiple possibilities when it comes to diagnosis. Many people who suffer from a deficiency of thyroid hormone experience the discomfort and dis-ease this produces for years before seeking help. In diagnoses, doctors tend to stick with serum tests to check for the presence of thyroid hormone in the blood. Frequently, this returns an answer that misses the underlying condition.
Through a woman named Margaret, the book Depression, The Mood Disease highlights how depression can cause one to frequently feel guilt, “These qualities were her feelings of guilt… Margaret was preoccupied with some thoughts and issues that did not bother her before she got depressed, specifically her adequacy as a mother” (Mondimore 23). Due to her depression, Margaret often felt that she was a horrible mother. This caused to her have frequent mood swings and serious feelings of guilt. Depression also has an impact on some people’s lives by causing them to constantly feel irritable, “The emotional symptoms of depression include constant irritability” (Psychguides 1). Mentally, it is ideal for everyone to be in a constant state of bliss. However, this is extremely realistic; everyone will have times where they are irritable and sad. People with depression are using in a mental state in which they are irritable and/or sad; they could potentially go days without feeling any bliss. Also, depression could cause the production of one’s neurons to slow, “Repeated stress slows the production of new neurons in the dentate gyrus and may also cause neurons in the hippocampus to shrink” (McEwen 1). Stress could be a byproduct of depression, and it does many things to your
Depression is an involutional melancholia: a sense of inner emptiness that has no external cause. It comes from nowhere. It simply exists and won't go away.
Psychotic Depression if maintained properly can be controlled. In fact, Psychotic Depression is when someone has serious depression, and it does show forms of psychosis. Furthermore, psychosis is when someone has false fixed beliefs and have symptoms of guilt, poverty, or illness. Equally important, Psychotic Depression is somewhat like other types of depressions because they can alter areas of someone’s life and can change the mood, behavior, and some physical functions like sleep and more. Additionally, Psychotic Depression can make people lose focus in their passion and can lead to suicidal thoughts. To chiefly, if someone has a Psychotic Depression disorder, they have to find help by being closely monitored by a mental health professional,
Depression is a common disease worldwide, affecting more than 300 million people. Depression differs from normal mood swings and short-lived emotions, in response to the challenges of everyday life. Depression can become a serious health condition, especially when it is long-term and with moderate or severe intensity. Depression can cause great suffering to the person who is affected, and poor performance at work, school or in the family. And at worst can lead to suicide. Some people with depression experience only one period of depression, but in most patients the symptoms of depression recur and last a lifetime.
Many people suffer from depression and don 't actually know it and often ignore the situation. Depression may affect different people in different ways and there are many different cures for individuals who suffer. Depression can cause someone to have different mood swings and affects their daily life. In an article by Perri Klass says “The signs of teenage depression include mood changes, like persistent sadness or irritability, and changes in level of functioning, such as school failure (Perri Klass).