The Elderly and Depression Late onset depression is, one of the primarily diagnoses treated by psychiatrist in the patients over sixty. Depression in the elderly is often chronic and debilitating and can adversely affect the quality of life of the patient. According to Casey (2011) In general depression in the elderly is more chronic and persistent than depression earlier in life and often runs a chronic remitting course.
B. Hashimoto’s disease is much more common in women than men. 1. Wilmar Wiersinga of the Department of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, in The Netherlands states that “The incidence of autoimmune hypothyroidism is about 350 cases/100,000/year for women and 60 cases/100,000/year for men in iodine-sufficient regions and 44 (females) and 12 (males) per 100,000 per year in iodine-deficient areas.” 2. Although the disease often occurs in adolescent or young women, it more commonly appears between 30 and 50 years of age.
Here there will be an emphasis on two core biological theories, the monoamine hypothesis and the neurotrophic hypothesis. The monoamine hypothesis is one of the pioneering hypotheses based on the assumption that a depletion in certain monoamines, in particular serotonin (5HT) and norepinephrine (NE) can lead to depressive symptoms. The neurotrophic hypotheses is an alternative hypothesis that assumes the underlying biological basis of depression is due to an alteration in the synthesis of proteins that are required for neurogenesis and synapse
According to the article called “ Free L-Trytophan plasma levels in antisocial violent offenders” by Jari Tilhonen, Multi Virkkunan, Pirkka Rusanen, Sirrjoa Pennanen, Eevarliisa Sainio, james Callaway, Pirjo Halonwn, and Jyrki Liesiviuori, they stated that tryptophan is the dietary precursor of serotonin and a deficiency is either tryptophan intake or it is metabolism which can cause mental disorders. (Tihonen, Virkkunan, Rusanen, Pennnanen, Sainio, Callaway, Halonwn, &Liesiviouri, 2013). In the past, it was several studies that reported that depressed individuals have low tryptophan. Lucca et al had discovered in their case study that violent offenders have low levels of L-tryptophan and plasma levels.
Because of to much cortisol it could cause some hallmark signs: like hypertension, obesity, weakness of muscles, a tendency to develop bruises. Some typical characteristics are: rapid deposit of fat; this rapid deposit of fat can be found between the shoulders it is called “buffalo hump”. There are also changes of a rounded
Depression can be attributable to multiple factors and there might not be a single identifiable cause for the condition. One may develop depression due to the loss of a loved one, on an account of a family history of depression, in the backdrop of multiple social or financial stresses or it may begin in the background of a chronic medical condition. Some individuals can also experience loneliness and melancholy for no apparent reason at all.
It is called “hypothyroid” instead of a chemical imbalance. When people say they have a chemical imbalance and that is the cause of their anxiety or depression, it is because there are no laboratory tests to prove this. In order for there to be a disease or illness, tissues in the body must have some damage. If there is something wrong with the body, it can be proven by objective tests that are evaluated by an objective observer. Biblical counselors will help the counselee by teaching them biblical principles that apply to each problem and the presence of their bad feelings.
These include asthma and diabetes (REF 22). According to World Mental Health surveys (2007) depression is strongly associated with chronic physical conditions. Consequently, and due to the bidirectional approach adopted by many researchers, chronic illnesses can be considered as triggers for depression. However, depression is not only associated with physical illnesses but also with a variety of mental illnesses and health issues. These, most commonly, include anxiety.
Depression could be caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain that medication can correct. It is suggested that depression among older adults can be detected early if family members, and other people within the community recognize the warning signs. People experiencing depression are often sad and sometimes are having crying spells. They often are restless and have difficulty times sleeping. They feel fatigued and irritable and often have feelings of shame or worthlessness.
This Article “Depression, Asthma, and Bronchodilator Response in a Nationwide Study of US Adults” objective is to find if there is a connection between depressive symptoms and BDR or asthma in US adults. The United States alone has 16 million adults that suffer once a year from one major depressive disorder. Also, asthma affects nearly 28 million adults in the US and is also a major public health issue around the world. Even though asthma and depression have been linked with each other, it is still not clear if anxiety symptoms explain this association. But, to get some more statistics they did The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to get the nutritional and health status of adults and children in the United States. They interviewed and did physical exams on study participants who had different experiences with asthma. There were no major differences in household income, sex, smoking status, health insurance coverage, race/ethnicity, and depression
When response criteria (24-item HRSD ≤ 8 and the Clinical Global Impression depression score of much improved or better) were met, there were no further dose adjustments unless clinically indicated. Antidepressant treatment was discontinued when the patient was euthymic with 24-item HAM-D score ≤ 8 maintained during the
Depression is one of the most widely diagnosed mental health issue. The National Institute of Mental Health(NIH) define depression as persistent symptoms of depressive moods that last 2 years and interfere with day to day activities. Throughout the years, medical authorities and researchers have questioned whether or not the withdrawal from antidepressants causes dependence. This is an important issue for several reasons. Firstly, antidepressants are commonly used throughout the world.
Thyroxine (T4) increases oxygen consumption in practically all tissues and thus increases the metabolic rate/ elimination of waste and consumption of oxygen. It is involved at many levels in growth and development. In fact hypothyroidism in infants can result in central nervous system and other systems to fail to develop normally. Excess throroxine in adults generally results in weight loss, nervousness, insomnia and elevated basal metabolic rate, with characteristic bulging eyes. In contrast hypothyroidism causes the individual to become sluggish in body movements, to put on weight, and a slowing down of mental
Which will increase a person’s ability to better control their emotions and be more motivated. However, it's also believed that dopamine also has plays a large part on depression. This neurotransmitter dopamine is also another important factor of depression. “Dopamine could also be important in major depressive disorder. People with depression often exhibit reduced motivation, anhedonia (a decrease in pleasure from usually enjoyed things), and sometimes motor decreases as well.