Comparing Women In Macbeth And Homer's The Odyssey

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Women have always been portrayed as the weaker sex compared to men. It has been demonstrated in history itself and throughout literary works. Shakespeare’s Macbeth and Homer’s The Odyssey, however, portray women to be more powerful than men, even when their society thought otherwise and underestimated them because of their gender. Lady Macbeth, The Three Witches, Queen Arête and Penelope demonstrate the astute, charming, and ambitious side of women that was overlooked by men when it came to having power and making decisions. Both works show the hardships of being a woman in power. At the same time, they give their perspectives of the power women disclosed.
Homer demonstrates how women in The Odyssey possess power over men. In the epic poem, is it seen how queen Arête has the upper hand over her husband and is the one in charge of making decisions. When Odysseus talked with Nausikaa about a way to get back home, she responded with:
“Go straight through the megaron to find
My mother… My father’s great chair faces
The fire, too; there like a god he sits and
Takes his wine, go past him, cast yourself before
My mother, embrace her—and you
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In the journal article “Rewriting The Odyssey in the Twenty-First Century”. The idea of Penelope taking control into her own hands, in a time when women did not stand up for themselves but rather were emotionally constricted is shown. Penelope’s demeanor is of a woman that does not let society rule what she can or cannot do, and because of this thinking she is able to have an advantage over other women and of men who are the ones in charge of any decision-making (Suzuki). Penelope is the second female character that is not a god that is able to maintain authority of her own in The Odyssey. This is ultimately Homer’s way of expressing his views towards the male societies of his time and their

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