While some may see it as a blessing, others may see it as a curse. How can these minerals and oil reserves be a curse when they generate huge foreign exchange? These resources become a curse when they do more harm than good. This curse may come in the form of slow growth, a decline in her tradable sector due to the appreciation of her currency among others. In most cases, the new opportunity found is embarked upon at the expense of existing opportunities (goods that are exported by a country).
From the graph on page 10 indicating Plant D’s growth, it is evident that Plant D began to grow at a standard rate due to the positive gradient evident. The graph then begins to decline and the gradual negative gradient indicates the deterioration in the plant’s condition and, thus, in the leaf width and length. Plant D’s Leaf width has a more gradual decline which indicates a slower rate of deterioration and it fluctuates around a stable mark indicating that leaf width was barely affected by the use of microwaved
In the first decade of the century, Brazil benefitted from strong demand – particularly from China – for some of its key export commodities (e.g. iron ore, soybeans and raw sugar). Supported by positive terms of trade effects, Brazil’s annual GDP growth rate averaged 3.1% over this period. Since the fall in commodity prices in 2011 during the economic recession(see graph 4), these terms of trade effects have reversed. With Brazil in an strong situation to weather a recession prior to the decrease in price of their main exported goods, based on the data their good situation then was not a strong enough buffer alone to prevent their real GDP growth from declining below negative ranges.
Colombia prospered during the late nineteenth century due to the exporting of tobacco and coffee. Wealth was mainly based on the country’s agriculture and commerce along with their exportations to global markets. Colombia’s economic development has not been as constant as it has been nowadays. Post-World War II, the country’s economic development has faced
This would be the case of very low inequality countries, which are traditionally the more developed and rich countries. As concerns the poor countries, which normally have very high initial unequal levels of income, and increase of average incomes will only explain a little percent of 0.6 in terms of poverty reduction. The conclusion is therefore that reduction of poverty levels can only be effective if national average income levels increase on the basis of having an initial level of inequality that is somewhat low. High inequality countries will have less poverty effective policies as their policies apparently do not target to reduce inequality in the first
As stated in the thesis “Amylase activity in dormant and germinating seeds” the amylase activity of whole seeds rises very sharply to a maximum and remains constant during the germination period. However, this discrepancy can be attributed to the age of the seeds as older seeds have significantly lower amylase concentration after long period of dormancy (Ernst, 1971). Another reason may be due to experimental errors during extraction of the amylase from the barley seeds, for example the seeds that are not grinding finely can lead to a decrease in amylase concentration. Lastly only germinating and whole barely seeds showed the presence of maltose, indicating only within these two there is amylase present which actively hydrolyzing starch into maltose, as per reaction 1 stated above. As dormant seeds have amylase concentrations that are far too low to be detected by this type of assay, as during dormancy energy demands for this state is considered to be zero.
This essay focuses on the negative and positive effects of population growth on economic development. NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF POPULATION GROWTH ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Government resources are limited, so population growth is seen as using up those limited resources on unproductive investment such as providing for the dependent population (the young (0-14) and the old (65and above) ). These government resources could have been used for capital goods and improving other sectors which might contribute to growth of the economy other than spending them on consumption goods. To support this point Cincotta and Engelman (1997) mention that the growth of GDP can be constrained by high dependency ratios, which result when rapid population growth produces large proportions of children and youth relative to the labour force. Population growth competes with capital formation and as such more is spent on the dependent ratio at
It is also statistically significant because the P-value is less than the significance level (0.000 <0.05) therefore Human development index has a positive effect on democracy. Each one unit increase in our second independent variables (Culture diversity) leads to an average change of – 1.145 in our dependent variables (Democracy) of unit but it is not statistically significant because its P-value ( 0.328)> signifacant level (0.05) therefore the negative relationship of culture diversity and democracy is spurious. 4. Provide a plausible argument for a causal association (or absence of it). Please include (and discuss) the results from SPSS in your assignment Conclusion Does greater economic development and lower cultural diversity lead to more democracy?
Bilateral trade deals tend to attract less attention, therefore pressure from the opposition forces is likely to be low. The GSP offers privileged entry or an extensive variety of products from 144 countries and regions into the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) markets. Bilateral trade agreements are easier to conclude than multilateral trade agreements. Members of the ACP (African, Caribbean, and Pacific) group of countries obtain superior admission to EU markets, and exports from the least developed countries (except for sugar, bananas and rice) are receiving almost duty- and quota-free entrance to the EU markets (IMF,
In addition, raw sugarcane is a common biofuel that is used as an advantageous renewable energy; however, the greenhouse gas emissions are higher than that of corn (Renouf et al., 2008). The major disadvantage to the use of corn for ethanol fuel production was that starch must be converted to sugar and then converted to ethanol at a slower rate than sugarcane; however, the benefit to using corn was that there was lower carbon dioxide and greenhouse gas emissions than that of sugarcane. Although sugarcane would be more efficient in ethanol production, the environment in the United States favors growing agricultural crops such as corn, instead of sugarcane. The positives to using sugarcane for ethanol fuel production in Brazil include the estimated 19 billion liters of ethanol that were produced in 2007, its expansive territory, and the availability of water (Martinelli et al., 2008). On the other hand, the cons of using sugarcane for ethanol fuel production in Brazil include environmental degradation and the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere (Martinelli et al., 2008).