How Does Climate Change Affect Haiti

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Haiti, a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea, is one of the world 's poorest and least developed countries. Same to other developing countries, Haiti developed agriculture instead of industry. Furthermore, Haiti is a country which always happened flooding, droughts, hurricanes and other meteorological disasters that were mainly caused by climate change. These disasters did affect Haiti a lot in the aspect of economy change, diseases like malaria or cholera caused by tropical Cyclone hotspots and vulnerability and adaptive capability of this country. First of all, hurricanes and droughts caused by climate change produced a very big effect on economy of Haiti. Since most of the coffee produced in Haiti is grown in a purely…show more content…
Last but not least, climate change will influence the vulnerability and adaptive capability of Haiti. Another example is Haiti, where a combination of political instability over the past decades coupled with environmental degradation, mainly deforestation, and frequent natural hazards have led to a limited adaptive capacity. From the early 1980s, the accumulative gross domestic product (GDP) of Haiti has stagnated, and even dropped following the political turmoil in 1991 (see Figure 3.4). Other political, economic, and environmental stresses in Haiti exacerbate vulnerability to natural hazards. The political factors include weak governance, the destabilizing influence of outsiders, extra-legal criminal networks with vested interests, and the role of armed forces, including the UN, the military, and the police. Economically, the lack of public goods and community organization, high unemployment rate, economic inequality, and unfavorable terms of trade are all limiting factors. Environmentally, current natural disasters, environmental degradation dating back to the colonial era, unfavorable topography, and massive deforestation are all challenges for Haiti. (Webersik

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