Climate Change In Haiti

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Haiti, a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea, is one of the world 's poorest and least developed countries. Same to other developing countries, Haiti developed agriculture instead of industry. Furthermore, Haiti is a country which always happened flooding, droughts, hurricanes and other meteorological disasters that were mainly caused by climate change. These disasters did affect Haiti a lot in the aspect of economy change, diseases like malaria or cholera caused by tropical Cyclone hotspots and vulnerability and adaptive capability of this country. First of all, hurricanes and droughts caused by climate change produced a very big effect on economy of Haiti. Since …show more content…

Haitian coffee export quantum has steadily declined from 35,000 tons per year a century ago to less than 20,000 tons per year in the late 1970s and 1980s. Exports increased by 13 percent in 1988 in response to the removal of the export tax. However, they have since declined due to damage from Hurricane Gilbert, rust disease, and other factors. (Weinstein and Segal 87) These data patently showed that Haiti as a well famous coffee exported country and its local people have a large demand to drink it, will very care about the quantity and quality of production. As most of the time Haitian coffee exports very stable, the impact of hurricane caused by climate change do influenced economic very much. There is one more example to show the impact of climate change (drought) to economic. The crop cycle, agriculture labor, and many other activities center around the wet and dry seasons, normally April to October, and November and March. However, because of the mountains, prevailing winds, and other factors, the amount of annual rainfall can vary considerably within Haiti: The Central Plateau and other windward regions receive 56 inches (1,400 …show more content…

Another example is Haiti, where a combination of political instability over the past decades coupled with environmental degradation, mainly deforestation, and frequent natural hazards have led to a limited adaptive capacity. From the early 1980s, the accumulative gross domestic product (GDP) of Haiti has stagnated, and even dropped following the political turmoil in 1991 (see Figure 3.4). Other political, economic, and environmental stresses in Haiti exacerbate vulnerability to natural hazards. The political factors include weak governance, the destabilizing influence of outsiders, extra-legal criminal networks with vested interests, and the role of armed forces, including the UN, the military, and the police. Economically, the lack of public goods and community organization, high unemployment rate, economic inequality, and unfavorable terms of trade are all limiting factors. Environmentally, current natural disasters, environmental degradation dating back to the colonial era, unfavorable topography, and massive deforestation are all challenges for Haiti. (Webersik 122) Climate change in Haiti, the world 's poorest and least developed country, do cause flooding, droughts, hurricanes and other meteorological disasters. And these disasters will influence Haiti a lot in the perspective of economy, healthy problem and industrial. The reasons for me to believing so include that

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