The trans-Atlantic slave trade had caused long-lasting devastations in Africa from the 16 through to the 19 centuries. During these centuries, large majority of slaves were transported to the Americas (new world) from Africa. The Atlantic slave trade originated from the expansion of European Empires that lacked one major resource; a workforce. Europeans were unsuited to the climate and suffered from diseases. However, the African labourers were used to the tropical climate and resistant to tropical diseases.
Slavery affects every country and person differently but in the Dominican Republic, slavery took away the nation’s identity. The Dominican Republic was colonized by Christoper Columbus who was a Spaniard and named the island “La Hispaniola” or little Spain on his first voyage in 1492. The Dominican Republic subsequently became “The first of Spain’s New World colonies” (Levine 1) according to Edwin A. Levine in “The Seed of Slavery in the New World: An Examination of the Factors Leading to the Impressment of the Indian Labor in Hispaniola”. Slavery as most people know it is the being restricted of freedom because of race or skin color. The state of being an enslaved human being is something that the average person today could simply not grasp completely,
The second type of economic system that can be used for such an analysis is that of slavery. In Eric Williams ' work titled “Slavery and Capitalism”, he describes how the development of slavery marked several social and economic changes in society, especially in the nature of social hierarchies and relationships. Sven Beckert, in “The Empire of Cotton”, reiterates Williams ' argument by describing cotton cultivation in America, of which the backbone was slavery. In this economic system, production thrived because of the subordination of the labour force. Slavery was a cost effective method of employing labour.
Slave traders would sail over to Africa and exchange goods for slaves. Robert W. Strayer explains in his book Ways of the World the economic side of slavery from Africa to the slave ships "In exchange for slaves, African sellers sought both European and Indian textiles, cowrie shells, European metal goods, fire-arms and gun powder, tobacco and alcohol, and various decorative items such as beads. Europeans purchased some of these items with silver mined from the Americas. "2 (ways of the world p 691) The slave trade helped the Spanish economy by providing free labor for their cash crops especially sugar and cotton. The slave trade started the triangle trade between Europe, Africa, and the new world.
The beginning of the 17th Century marked the practice of slavery which continued till next 250 years by the colonies and states in America. Slaves, mostly from Africa, worked in the production of tobacco and cotton crops. Later , they were employed or ‘enslaved’ by the whites as for the job of care takers of their houses. The practice of slavery also led the beginning of racism among the people of America. The blacks were restricted for all the basic and legally privileged rights.
Haiti, a sovereign state located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean Sea, is one of the world 's poorest and least developed countries. Same to other developing countries, Haiti developed agriculture instead of industry. Furthermore, Haiti is a country which always happened flooding, droughts, hurricanes and other meteorological disasters that were mainly caused by climate change. These disasters did affect Haiti a lot in the aspect of economy change, diseases like malaria or cholera caused by tropical Cyclone hotspots and vulnerability and adaptive capability of this country. First of all, hurricanes and droughts caused by climate change produced a very big effect on economy of Haiti.
Tobacco held a negative impact for America through the trade. A negative impact of the trade of tobacco through the Columbian Exchange was the introduction of slavery to America. Due to the high amount of labor that came from farming tobacco, slaves were brought in from Africa and the Caribbean. By 1704, there were around 10,000 black slaves in Virginia, however some were granted partial freedom of ability to buy land and marry (Digital History). The idea of slavery that came from tobacco trade held a negative impact for America because it began a cycle of slavery that would continue for years on.
The people of Venezuela revolted because Spain controlled the colony to bring in profit, but the people of Venezuela wanted freedom so they did not have trade restrictions. After becoming free, Spain briefly conquered Venezuela, slavery was restored, and trade restrictions were put back in place. Ideas and principles of liberty and equality failed during the Venezuelan revolution due to Spain reconquering the country. The progress of the revolution did not last for long, and no long term process was made. People of Haiti revolted because of slavery and unfair voting.
While Black culture contributed to the culture of the United States of America Caribbean popular culture is and has always been the channel used to dispute the dominant group’s efforts at restricting the celebrations of the enslaved on the Caribbean islands in late 1800 and early 1900. For the purpose of this essay, Trinidad Carnival will be the focus of this discourse. Trinidad Carnival origins are wedged in the 18th centuary French extravagant masquerade balls at Christmas and before the Catholic Lenten season as well as the African and Indian religious celebrations, rituals, customs and beliefs. The limited geographical area, subordinate status and unequal treatment encouraged a form of cultural relativism necessary for Africans enslaved and Indian indenture servants to established their ancestors culture’s worth and equal value. The term Microculture is new, still it illuminates the growth of the Africans enslaved and Indian indenture servants’ distinctive culture of the Caribbean.
I was born in a really poor place in the Caribbean called Haiti. When I was 9 years old, my family moved to the United States, because I was doing things I am not proud of. Later on, I went back to Haiti after an earthquake ravaged my homeland and left nothing, but destruction and sadness in the people’s lives. Some of my family were also still there. I called them to ask them how they were and to make sure they weren’t hurt.