Climate Change In Africa Essay

839 Words4 Pages

The impact of climate change is being felt throughout the world; however, the situation is more pronounced in developing countries because many households, social groups and regions have a limited capacity to adapt to climate variability and change (UNFCCC, 2007; IPCC 2007). The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2007:6) defined climate change as any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity. The (UNFCCC 2007) espoused that agricultural production on the African continent relies primarily on rainfall. As such, any interruption in rainfall pattern and intensity will adversely affect the poor, predominantly the smallholder farmers (ibid). (Batino and Waswa, 2011) assert that over 90% of sub-Saharan African agriculture is rain-fed, and mainly under smallholder management. In Ghana, agriculture has been the backbone of the economy since independence (McKay and Aryeetey, 2004) and account for about 73.5 percent of the rural households (Ghana Statistical Service, 2010). …show more content…

(Christensen et al., 2007 cited in UNFCCC, 2007) affirms that the entire African continent is likely to experience warming that is higher than the global annual average. Climate records shows that all of the ten warmest years in the global temperature records up to 2011 have occurred since 1997, with 2005 and 2010 being the warmest two years in more than a century of global records (AMS, 2012). (Cooper et al. 2008:25) noted that whilst the exact nature and extent of the impacts of climate change on temperature and rainfall distribution patterns remain uncertain, it is the poor and vulnerable who will be the most prone to climate change especially in the rural areas, hence adaptation to climate change is an inevitable choice for human

More about Climate Change In Africa Essay

Open Document