If this be a spirit of aggrandizement, the undersigned are prepared to admit, in that sense, its existence; but they must deny that it affords the slightest proof of an intention not to respect the boundaries between them and European nations, or of a desire to encroach upon the territories of Great Britain. . . . They will not suppose that that Government will avow, as the basis of their policy towards the United States a system of arresting their natural growth within their own territories, for the sake of preserving a perpetual desert for savages” . This showed that the United States would state firm in their endeavor to not only Christianize the North American continent but remain in control of the lands they had already acquired with …show more content…
During this time Manifest Destiny was commonly referred to as Continentalism although the United States looked to expand west rather north into Canada. During the 1840’s the United States found itself in conflict with the British and the Mexicans over occupation of the Oregon and Texas territories, respectively. The conflict with the British would end peacefully, with a divide of the Oregon territory along the forty-ninth parralel. This was beneficial to the United States who already knew they were going to war with Mexico over their annexation of the Texas territory. During this war with Mexico the United States would see a great deal of success which would lead to many Americans, primarily politicians, promoting the idea of annexing all of Mexico rather than just the portion known as Texas. In regards to this John C. Calhoun stated, “We have never dreamt of incorporating into our Union any but the Caucasian race—the free white race. To incorporate Mexico, would be the very first instance of the kind, of incorporating an Indian race; for more than half of the Mexicans are Indians, and the other is composed chiefly of mixed tribes. I protest against such a union as that! Ours, sir, is the Government of a white race.... We are anxious to force free government on all; and I see that it has been urged ... that it is …show more content…
In 1830 newly elected President Jackson instituted the Indian Removal Act which gave the United States government the ability to negotiate with the Native American tribes of the south and relocate them to lands west of the Mississippi. When implementing the Indian Removal Act Jackson attempted to justify it by saying that he was trying to protect the Native American Tribes from becoming extinct as their brother in the Northern states had become . Jackson would develop a Native American reservation in present day Oklahoma where all Native Americans living east of the Mississippi River would move to with the passing of the Indian Removal Act. The lands that the Native Americans had been living on were continually being claimed by Americans looking to expand their own land in the farming focused southern states. The expansion of slavery and the growth of the southern cotton industry made the Native American lands more and more appealing to Americans that were living around these tribal lands . These Native Americans would have to suffer the travel from the lands of their fathers to Oklahoma, where the federal government had set aside lands for these tribes to begin to rebuild their way of life. This path they would take would become known as the Trail of Tears, because of how many men, women, and children would lose their lives during
In the article by Anthony F. C. Wallace, “The Hunger for Indian Land in Andrew Jackson’s America,” the reasons for America's need for Indian land is discussed. The purpose of this article is to explain the Indian removal that occurred under Andrew Jackson’s presidency. The thesis of this essay states that Americans kicked the Natives off of their land to fulfill a selfish desire to expand the cotton industry. The first point Wallace uses to support his thesis is how Jackson’s financial interest in the land affected the removal of Natives.
The Indians controlled the east states like, Mississippi River, primarily Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, North Carolina, and some others. The Indian Removal act was for the lands to open up that belonged to the Indians so we could claim them as our own. In a artlicle it said, “ Clearing Alabama and Mississippi of their Indian populations, he said, would “enable those states to advance rapidly in population, wealth, and power.” (President Jackson, December 6, 1830). Jackson wanted to expand the United States to show it’s full potential.
The Trail of Tears was a massive transport of thousands of Native Americans across America. After the Indian removal act was issued in 1830 by president Andrew Jackson, the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Muscogee, and Seminole tribes were taken from their homelands and transported through territories in what many have called a death march. The government, on behalf of the new settlers ' cotton picking businesses, forced the travel of one hundred thousand Native Americans across the Mississippi River to a specially designated Indian territory for only the fear and close-mindedness of their people. The Native Americans were discriminated against by not only their new government, but also the people of their country and forced to undertake one of the most difficult journeys of their lives.
The Genocide: Trail of Tears/ The Indian removal act During the 1830s the united states congress and president Andrew Jackson created and passed the “Indian removal act”. Which allowed Jackson to forcibly remove the Indians from their native lands in the southeastern states, such as Florida and Mississippi, and send them to specific “Indian reservations” across the Mississippi river, so the whites could take over their land. From 1830-1839 the five civilized tribes (The Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, and Chickasaw) were forced, sometimes by gun point, to march about 1,000 miles to what is present day Oklahoma.
“According to the theory of Manifest Destiny, the United States was the embodiment of the City of God on Earth and European race were chosen predestined for salvation” (Acuna, 47).The U.S believe it was their faith to spread their principles to the “New World” and the land that was inhabited by Natives did not belong to them since they were a below them. These beliefs are what spark the United States to invade the lands of the Natives and to forcefully teach them “the way of living.” These beliefs are also why white colonists believe Texas belong to them and began the war between Mexico over
President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act of 1830 which gave funds to move the Indians west of the Mississippi River. The state of Georgia annulled the constitution of the Cherokee and they ordered that their tribal lands must be seized. Even though the Cherokees were not doing anything wrong, the State of Georgia still shut them out and had their lands seized. The Cherokee tribe hired a lawyer and brought this case all the way to the Supreme Court. Chief Justice John Marshall upheld the Cherokee tribe's
In the nineteenth century, many Americans felt the strong desire to possess the western part of the continent. The American people felt that ist was their destiny to gain control of that land. They had an idea called Manifest dDestiny, which promoted westward expansion and made the American people feel obligated to gain possession of the wWest for the United States. Three texts, American Progress -by John Gast, Manifest Destiny, 1839 -by John O’Sullivan, and “Reporting to the President, September 23-December 31, 1806” -by Stephen Ambrose, describe the struggle of the Americans wanting to control and own the land that cannot truly be possessed.
Manifest Destiny is a unique, yet mysterious fundamental series of events in American history. No other country’s history contains such an eventful history as the United States. Amy Greenberg’s book, Manifest Destiny and American Territorial Expansion, provides documented evidence that settlers believed they were destined for expansion throughout the continent. In other words, many religious settlers believed that it was a call from God for the United States to expand west. On the other hand, people believed that Manifest Destiny vindicated the war against Mexico.
Under influence of president Andrew Jackson, the congress was urged in 1830 to pass the Indian Removal Act, with the goal of relocated many Native Americans in the East territory, the west of Mississippi river. The Trail of tears was made for the interest of the minorities. Indeed, if president Jackson wished to relocate the Native Americans, it was because he wanted to take advantage of the gold he found on their land. Then, even though the Cherokee won their case in front the supreme court, the president and congress pushed them out(Darrenkamp).
“Once we became an independent people it was as much a law of nature that this [control of all of North America] should become our pretension as that the Mississippi should flow to the sea” –John Quincy Adams (Henretta, p. 384). In the 1840s, Americans had a belief that God destined for them to expand their territory all the way westward to the Pacific Ocean. This idea was called Manifest Destiny. In the nineteenth century, Americans were recognized for coming together and building up one another for one cause: westward expansion.
“it was God’s plan that America extend its territory.” (Roden 317) God wants America to take Texas. The Mexicans are “limiting our greatness checking the fulfillment of our Manifest Destiny” (O’Sullivan 323) People are wrongly stopping God’s plan. Later America got Texas, California, and Oregon Territory.(Roden 317)
In the 19th Century, there were strong supporters of the ideology of Manifest Destiny. Manifest Destiny was basically the belief of expansion by settlers expanding all over America because god supposedly destined the Americans for expansions by their resources. This resulted for the Americans to find a modern mode of transportation that would make traveling from the east to the west coast easier. This resulted in a mega construction known as the Transcontinental Railroad. The railroad not only helps with transportation but with trading.
The Indian Removal Act was signed in 1830 by President Andrew Jackson to remove the Cherokee Indians from their homes and force them to settle west of the Mississippi River. The act was passed in hopes to gain agrarian land that would replenish the cotton industry which had plummeted after the Panic of 1819. Andrew Jackson believed that effectively forcing the Cherokees to become more civilized and to christianize them would be beneficial to them. Therefore, he thought the journey westward was necessary. In late 1838, the Cherokees were removed from their homes and forced into a brutal journey westward in the bitter cold.
Manifest Destiny was the term used by John O’Sullivan to describe America’s desire to expand West due to reasons including both the vast amount of unclaimed land and the opportunities Americans wanted to explore. During this time, Americans believed that it was their God-given right to expand West, and therefore they were entitled to push away any groups that were in their way. Due to the mindset that the Americans could do as they pleased with the groups of people who got in their way, Manifest Destiny affected many groups of people, including the American Indians and Slaves, and continued to build up the preexisting tension between the North and South. One of the groups of people affected greatly by Manifest Destiny were the Native Americans. Manifest Destiny affected the American Indians by spreading foreign diseases to them as they moved Westward, through the Native American territory.