In Shakespeare’s Othello, Iago is the right-hand man of the general of the Venetian army, Othello. Unexpectedly, Iago’s promotion was passed to a strategist, Michael Cassio. This event kick start the tragedy of the play. Hence, the passing of promotion, in my opinion, is the core motivation of Iago’s animosity against Othello and Cassio. Capitalising on the core motivation, Iago further goes on to look for additional motivation to justify his own act. As Iago is an opportunist, he would make full use of the given circumstance to his advantage, and to a large extend, motivates his behaviour. In my opinion, Iago’s core motivation at the beginning was not sufficient for him to act upon, hence, he continually seek for supplementary motivation to persuade himself to seek revenge. However, Iago unknowingly let his supplementary motivation drive him too far out, and eventually to the point of no return. This paper will highlight the process of Iago developing his core motivation, seeking additional motivation, and eventually empowering his supplementary motivation to motivate him primarily. Beginning with Act 1, when Roderigo confronted Iago for not informing him about the marriage of Othello and Desdemona, Iago did not try to defend himself because he knows that Roderigo would not be …show more content…
Iago said in line 25 “Well, happiness to their sheets! Come, Lieutenant, I have a stoup of wine, and here without without are a brace of Cyprus gallants that would fain have a measure to the health of black Othello.”, Cassio attempted to reject Iago politely, but Iago insisted on Cassio’s participation, resulting in Cassio’s unwilling participation, as we can see in line 40 Cassio said “I’ll do ’t, but it dislike
In the book Othello, Iago is a very manipulating man, throughout the book he manages to manipulate three main people, Roderigo, Cassio, and Othello. He uses all their weaknesses to bring them down. Iago wants revenge on Othello, because Othello overlooks Iago and his abilities, so Iago manipulates these three characters to get back at Othello in the long run. He comes up with a very good plan to get each other to turn against one another. So in the end he ends up getting what he wanted, revenge.
He feels and thinks that he has been cheated, betrayed, made a fool of by others—but he has no proof. His arguments for revenge are built on suspicion, feeling, emotion, and impulse.” (Warnken) In this quote it proves that Iago wants power as a reward rather than to make himself stronger he wants the characters to feel what they made him feel. When Othello gave the ranking as Lieutenant to Cassio, Iago felt that he had been betrayed by Othello.
By Iago’s own admission “I play the villain” (Shakespeare, 1310), and his internal feelings of evil are well founded as shown through his destruction of the lives of nearly everyone in the play, but he has his reasoning. Iago has grown up as a privileged white Christian male in a society that favors white Christian males and, notably, has the favor of at least three senators who would have been quite influential in Venetian society (Kiernan, Print). The catalyst for all this is the admission of Cassio to the position of second in command, which Iago had too been vying for. Iago believes this is taken from him by a Black, possibly Muslim, man, Othello. Thereby allowing Iago to use what influence and power he has retained to ruin Othello’s life and power dynamic.
He expresses his jealousy for Cassio when he says that Othello “already chose [his] officer” who he calls “One Michael Cassio, a Florentine” who “never set a squadron in the field.” Iago believes he should have gotten the promotion because he had more military experience and training. After he gets Cassio drunk and dismissed from service, he devises a plan to manipulate Othello into believing he is cheating with Desdemona in order that Cassio never gets his position again or even killed. Iago also hears a rumor that Othello slept with his
Though given the nickname “Honest Iago”, his acts throughout William Shakespeare's, Othello, is not so honest. Iago is an intelligent, convincing, and manipulative man. He enjoys feeding off of people's misery especially when something is in it for him. His intelligence allows him to convince people using the sway of his words so fluently and make them blind to the truth by eluting them with false appearances and telling half truths. This allows him to numerous characters throughout Othello by using their personal beliefs, jealous tendencies, and misleading them into false assumptions by twisting the truth around in his own words in a way that will be beneficial to himself.
Iago is the mastermind behind all of the mayhem in this play, and it all starts in act one when Othello made Michael Cassio the lieutenant over him. This left Iago flabbergasted saying Cassio "never set a squadron in the field" (I.i.22) and he sarcastically says " And I-God bless the mark! His Moorship 's ancient" (I.i.33). Iago was more qualified than Cassio, in experience and also, as Iago thinks, ability.
In the Shakespearean tragedy Othello, Iago, the antagonist, claims to hate the Moor because he was not chosen for a promotion, but as the play progresses Iago’s motives shift and become numerous and more complex. To get his revenge, Iago forms his plan that requires him to use his manipulation skills on the other characters. Iago exploits the other character’s personality flaws and insecurities for his personal gain, but the same flaws and insecurities he identifies in others cause his demise. In his plan, Iago uses his keen knowledge of humans’ desires to manipulate the other characters to seek his revenge, but he cannot identify and control his own urges.
He has tried to show brotherly love to Othello,which is the most damaging because the emotionally weak ;Othello needs such support when his beloved wife seems to him that she has betrayed him and ignored his passionate love. The ensign also makes his general believe of his nobility and loyalty in that he would like to kill any enemy threats him. Iago seems adept in that he can fool others into believing that he is honest. Othello and others in the play constantly refer to him as honest Iago. With Cassio he was friendly ,informal ,and he even gave him an advice when Othello revealed him from being his lieutenant.
But never more be officer of mine. — (II.iii.210-214) refers to Act 2 Scene 3. This demonstrates Othello’s trust in Iago because he was the one to talk most and also provide more on what happened to the situation since he is the one that planned the whole thing. Throughout the rest of the story after Othello demoting Cassio as officer, Iago’s whole plan is to cause problems between
Iago does not know for certain what he is accusing Othello of yet he vows to act as if they are facts. While one could attribute Iago’s disdain for Othello to many things, namely, feelings of envy towards Cassio, sexual interest towards Othello, or simple racism; the mere fact that there is no clear motivation for Iago’s actions is a clear indication that Iago cares very little for his relationships and does not wince at the thought of treachery and the vicious backstabbing of those closest to
Iago is a unique and complicated character. He is intelligent in that he is able to manipulate people and events in his favour, which he thrives on throughout the play, classifying him as the antagonist of the play. Driven by jealousy and hatred, Iago plots against Othello to destroy his character and reputation. Knowing that if he foolishly attacked such a respected man directly, he would be sentenced to death. As a result, he devises to use other people to obtain what he desires by influencing the characters in the play to suit his plan.
According to Keyisjian “Iago convinces Othello he is full of” “love and honesty, qualities that Othello admires” (Shakespeare 3.3.116). This is to earn his trust and to undermine him. This was one of the strategies that Iago uses to deceit the characters in the play. He is also very sneaky when he does it.