Counter Culture In Soccer

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Within any society there may be different cultures as well as subcultures. The components of cultures and subcultures are symbols, language, values and norms. Small societies tend be culturally uniform in comparison to large societies tend to contain numerous subcultures. A subculture is a group within a larger culture, that has norms, beliefs, values, and behavioral patterns that are distinguishable from the larger society. Examples of a subculture include bikers, skaters, hackers, gamers, etc. A subculture is different from a counter-culture, as the name itself suggests, it counters the existing culture and has opposing or significantly different beliefs and behavioral patterns from the majority. A few examples of counter cultures are mafia, …show more content…

There are different terms such as the position of player which can be striker, defender, goalkeeper, center back etc., formations of teams (such as 4-4-2 and 4-3-3, , which tell us the number of defenders, midfielders and strikers in that order), and the actions on the field (for example, Airball- when the ball is airborne, Banana Kick- a strategic kick to angle the ball around an obstacle, Nutmeg- to pass the ball between a player's legs,etc), and consequences of actions such as foul, penalty, free kick, handball. There are also non verbal gestures in soccer. These include pointing to an opponent to indicate to a teammate to cover them, arm straight up during the play to indicate to the player with the ball that you are open for a pass, point to where you want the ball to be delivered, …show more content…

They are values put into action and are expectations of behaviour. They provide a guideline of how to behave in a situation. These are usually unwritten, conditional and change over time. There are two types of norms-mores and folkways. Mores are more central and have great moral significance whereas folkways are norms for routine behaviours.
Like all other sports, soccer has strict rules not just about sportsmanship but about personal conduct as well. Players are expected to respect each other and act as a unit and not an individual. Before games there are usually pep-talks and motivational speeches to inspire the players for the game. Players also warm up before the game in order to increase flexibility and concentration. Teammates are expected to be on time and with their full kit. They are also expected to not play rough and let emotions cloud their judgement while playing, have good communication with their teammates and captain, respect the decision of the referee and play in their own position and in a way that complements the team as a

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