Our moral beliefs indicate the kind of environment or culture we grew up in. Therefore, if we were born in Somalia, we would believe that it is morally right to go through female circumcision as a rite of passage. However, if we grew up in the western world, then we would not believe in female circumcision. We can therefore see the relativist 's argument of cultural relativism in this case, because if cultural relativism exists, then naturally, morality will also be relative. Additionally, to support his stance, the relativist will also argue that tolerance comes into play when it comes to cultural relativism.
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Based off of this reading piece “Trying Out One's New Sword by Mary Midgley” there was many possible arguments. The argument I picked was outsiders can judge. Midgley argues that not only is moral isolationism but that outsiders can judge foreign cultures, if on a provisional basis. Midgley argues that moral isolationism leads to a general ban on moral reasoning a disagreeable conclusion.
World Without Genocide states, “Over 480,000 people have been killed, and over 2.8 million people are displaced.” Using cultural relativism in the Darfur genocide, we can improve or stop the situation. Cultural relativism is understanding other cultures on their own terms, in their own context. A World Without Genocide says, the Darfur genocide started in 2003 and is being carried out by Arab militias called the Janjaweed.
In this prompt the argument that Morality exists is irrelevant, contrary to our thoughts and beliefs. Everyone follows a set of moral rules. Ethical relativists disagree with this belief because, they believe that morals are distinctive from each individual culture. These relativists as described are mixing up moral and cultural distinctions, or are simply not willing to completely understanding the cultures they are standing up for. There are two different types of relativism Ethical, and Cultural, that rely upon the argument of cultural differences, which have flaws that make the argument unsound.
In my opinion, coloniality of gender and intersectionality are two approaches that complement each other quite well. While the intersectionality approach is useful in bringing to light power dynamics, the decolonial approach truly deconstructs Western concepts and structures that have been normalized. That is why in this chapter I will deepen on the concept of coloniality of gender. The Coloniality of Power is a concept within the postcolonial studies that interrelates the practices and legacies of European colonialism in social orders and forms of knowledge.
Cultural relativism is the understanding of other cultures in their own terms. To achieve the understanding of the rituals used in the cultures of another, one must be able to look at them from an emic (insider) perspective. One must also be able to look at his own culture from an etic (outsider) perspective. The ability to look at one’s culture from the etic point of view will make it easier to explain the rituals to someone from a different culture, for example, rites of passage. Rites of passage are used to mark a life stage and are celebrated by tradition or religion, meant to separate a specific group.
In the beginning of Wards ethnographic research, she stated that she "understood cultural relativism from an intellectual perspective, but the gut reality turns out to be something else" (Ward, 8). What I took from that statement is that yes, we understand that we should not judge other societies and cultures. However, I was also able to determine that when you are there and surrounded by those unfamiliar societies and cultures, judgement between that culture and your own seems like just a natural reaction. Ward shows cultural relativism by accepting and understanding the choice of Sohn Alpet to not take the modern medication. Alpet instead decided to continue taking the traditional ancient recipes that his family provided for him.
Philosophy 2200C Taylor Pearl Paper #1 The Cultural Differences Argument for Moral Relativism In this paper I will be discussing the theory of the Cultural Differences Argument for Moral Relativism and also the flaws this theory holds. First I will explain the general idea of Moral Relativism, followed by two examples of cultural differences that are often cited to further explain this theory. After that I will discuss what the Cultural Differences Argument is for Moral Relativism.
It is an over-optimistic argument as cultural relativism has a more logical way of reasoning, for at least two reasons. First, it reminds us that objective truth does not have a plausible standard in every culture that is peculiar to the society. Furthermore, it shows that every value must be less universal as every society has its own moral code. For example, eating the flesh of our parents is dreadful to a normal person. However, for the Callatian (Blanco, 2013), it is a sign of respect as the person’s spirit will dwell within them.
In other words, “right” or “wrong” are culture specific, what is considered moral in one society may be considered immoral in another, and, since no universal standard of morality that exist, no one has the right to judge another societies custom (Ess, 2009). Cultural Relativism is closely related to ethical relativism, which views truth as variable and not absolute. What makes up right and wrong is determined solely by individual or the society (Ess, 2009). Since the truth is not object, there can be no standards which applies to all cultures.
Throughout this essay, cultural relativism will be questioned, but also supported in some ways. The idea of cultural relativism reminds me of a sociological term--ethnocentrism--that essentially means the opposite. Ethnocentrism is essentially a bias about your own culture against other cultures. One can only see their culture (usually as dominant to the others), rather than attempting to see the perspective of whatever culture is in question. An example of real-life cultural relativism is female circumsition or clitordectomy.
Masculinity versus femininity This dimension doesn’t correlate directly with gender roles or behaviours. Instead this is more orientated towards specific traits that Hofstede has defined as masculine and low masculine (femininity). A high masculine culture is characterized by focusing on money, possessions, and traditional family values. Feminine cultures are said to be relationship oriented, focused on quality of life, and failing is generally more accepted. This is best describe by the commonly used phrase “Americans live to work, while Europeans work to live.
(Luco, Week 3 Notes, p.9) Cultural Relativism is simply a combination of the following three theses: 1. The only criterion of moral truth or falsehood is the moral code of a cultural group. 2. A moral claim is true, relative to a culture’s moral code, if and only if the claim is generally accepted within that cultural