Annotated Bibliography The projected study attempts to design a research that would examine the competence of mindfulness therapy. The design would evaluate the progress of the selected individuals who are receiving mindfulness therapy in comparison to those receiving another kind of therapy over a given period of time. The following articles will discuss about the effects of mindfulness therapy to different kinds of patients. Fjorback, L.O., Arendt, M, Ornobol, E., Walach, H., Rehfeld, E., Schroder, A., & Fink, P. (2012).
Conceptual framework for the relationship of the variables to make an effective mobile application about autism. V. Justification of the Study This research has no duplicate from other existing and done research. There are a lot of studies with regards to autism but this study focuses on making a mobile application with information about autism with graphics and design. Even though there are some factors similar in some studies, this study is still necessary to be able toknow if the findings of studies in other places are also true.
The advantages and disadvantages could represent an interesting field from which leaving with our comparison of this model with RPD model; the decision making model by Klein, based on experience that lead people to managed crisis situation, is less time consuming than the MDMP model: it takes less time to make a decision, just because the process is an experiential one and not an analytical one. People which use the RPD model, are taking decision in a faster and quickly way, basing their choice only on their past experience, without starts with a comparison between possible option or course of action. Nevertheless the analytical MDMP could be more feasible for certain crisis in which it is needed not a quick and fast reaction, but a deeper analysis and a clear evaluation of all the alternatives. It is a given, however, that the two model can work together, and improve their weaknesses each
It demonstrated that increase of ego depletion leads to a decrease of the feeling of guilt, and consequently affect one's prosocial behaviors. Given this, it can be assumed that a person would behave less morally if he/she is going through a hard time which requires a high level of willpower. Although the results supported the hypothesis, the article pointed out two limitations. Firstly, there was no non-guilt condition designed for the experiment.
Finally, one must choose the option that permits the greatest balance of good overall, so to choose any other action would be considered immoral. That being said, a utilitarian does not always have to choose the option that benefits the most people, since the goal is to bring about the least amount of misery; besides, the benefit of helping the majority may bring a greater cost of well-being to the minority. Additionally, utilitarianism is associated with consequentialism, as they both concur that the results of one 's actions signify whether it was morally right or wrong. In doing so, they must consider the effects to as far as they go into the future.
(Mill, utilitarianism, p.697) To put this into simpler terms, Mill is essentially saying events or experiences are desirable only when it is a source for pleasure, so actions are good when they lead to higher levels of general happiness and they are deemed as bad when it lowers your general level of happiness. However, it is important to note utilitarianism doesn’t say it is morally right for everyone to purse what make them alone happy but instead morality is dictated by what increases the total amount of utility in the world. Pursuing your own happiness at the expense of the majority of social happiness would be viewed as wrong by utilitarian’s. Mill then proceeded to say that morality requires impartial consideration of the interest of everyone involved, its not just about your own happiness.
The purpose for the experiment is to understand if the framing effect affects decision making. The choices would be affected by different frames, positive and negative. The positive framing effect is less risk averse than risk seeking meaning there was no significant differences between the expected values. The negative framing effect was more risk seeking than risk averse meaning there was a significant difference between the expected values. It was also in favor of the prospect theory.
However, in contrast, GNAT has very low reliability. The GNAT “does not ameliorate the concerns about the reliability of implicit measures, (Nosek and Banaji, 2001). However, its reliability can be improved by increasing the trials for the test, therefore, there will be more data points being calculated for the result. Secondly, use a variable response deadline; the participant can choose their own deadline, improving the accuracy across subjects. Finally, using the response latency approach within the GNAT test as its more reliable simply because each point is a continuous value.
Although the consequences of Hoyvald’ decision produced overall happiness according to a vague quantitative measurement, his decision wasn’t the best one. The quantitative measurement, also known as the “hedonistic calculus”, is a procedure used by Bentham to calculate the pleasures and pains of a decision’s outcomes to support his theory (Bentham, 32). By following this procedure, we are overshadowing the reasons that caused such pleasures and pains to occur. In Hoyvald’s case, he must have chosen the decision that was ethically right rather than the decision that was the best for his own sake, meaning that it caused more pleasure than pain. And by that we approach the definition of what is ethically right and what is not.
According to the principle of redress, normative way of dealing with inequalities is to provide artificial advantages to those who are naturally disadvantaged over those who are better equipped for the struggle. The difference principle, on the other hand, prefers to enhance the situation of the disadvantaged not in comparative but in absolute terms. To provide better opportunities to the more advantaged is justified as long as those advantages are going to be used for the common good. In the same fashion with the principle of redress, difference principle also eliminates the obsession with efficiency in the basic structure and employs a more humane
The Supreme Court has not offered an opinion on affirmative action in higher education since its 1978 ruling in Regents of the Univ. Of California v. Bakke. In that determination, the Supreme Courts Justice Powell argued that a university could take race into account as one among a number of factors in student admissions for the purposed of achieving student body diversity. Since the time of this ruling, affirmative action programs with regard to student admissions, financial assistance, and even faculty employment have been founded mainly on achieving diversity. Since the Bakke decision, affirmative action has been an increasingly contentious issue between those in favor of its employment and those opposed to it.
Another disadvantage of the submaximal testing is once the individual’s VO2max level is reached the test is terminated. However, the advantage of the submaximal testing is that the equipment is less expensive compared to those needed for the maximal testing. The submaximal testing has reduced risk compared to the maximal