Following the Industrial Revolution was an age known as the age of imperialism. The Age of Imperialism is defined as the time period in which all the European nations decided to colonize Africa. There was only one question that seems to come up again and again. What was the motive for colonizing Africa? Although there are many different reasons that the European nations decided to move in on Africa, there are only a few that stand out over the others. Those reasons are the incredible amount of natural resources, the need to increase production of new products, and the amazing economical payout. Though these are the main reasons, greed is a factor that should not be forgotten. Africa was given the wonderful gift of useful natural resources. The only unfortunate part for the Africans was that after seeing the insane amount of money that King Leopold II took on, the other European nations wanted to expand their economies and also make more money. Document D in the “Mini Q” packet also titled, “Selected African Colonies and Their Exports” shows that Africa was loaded with natural resources that would increase not only the country's wealth but the income of the entrepreneurs and the production companies. A prime example of this is the Congo Free …show more content…
Document C in the “Mini Q” packet also known as, “Technology and imperialism”, shows just how many different inventions were created and how some could be used for building and destroying countries. So many of these inventions, new to countries relied on trading with other countries. This helped to fuel imperialism because colonization gave smaller countries the ability to strive for the rare resources that other countries desperately needed. Also the strongest of the nations (france, britain, etc.) used this as an opportunity to increase labor and their personal
Between the 1870s and the 1920s, imperialism increased because of economic, social, and political forces. Economically, many groups were interested in colonizing other countries because of their natural resources. Socially, they wanted to make themselves the highest and they wanted to look the best. Politically, they wanted to make more income and be the richest country. Two groups in particular were the most interested in imperialism.
Their inventions fed into an imperial ideology, explained by Social Darwinism, which stated that Europeans were superior to the people of the rest of the world. Many argue that technology was one of the key aspects of European Imperialism world wide. For example, the Europeans used inventions of transportation, science and medicine, and weapons. The most helpful invention that helped them accomplish their goal would be the, “Method of getting quinine from cinchona tree bark,” (a treatment for the disease malaria). Another example is found in a variety of sources states, “The Industrial Revolution led to many discoveries and inventions that helped Europeans take over Africa,” (Document C).
With healthier working environments and openings, people were encouraged to work. Technological developments were also a significant factor in the effect of imperialism. New inventions were beginning to take the place of human workers, allowing a faster and more effective production process to take place. With the help of modern machinery, needed resources could be
One of the many reasons was that Europeans began to believe that the more territory they obtained control for their colonies, the more power one could obtain it would become more solid it would become seen by the others. Other reasons for the Europeans to desire control over African land included that many of the natural resources could only be found within Africa, examples such as diamonds, gold, and as time moved on, rubber. Providing new markets to surrounding places so that manufactured goods could be sold for larger profit. Europeans had many motivations for imperializing Africa. The main motivations were more than likely shielded, as they tried presenting themselves as philanthropist, within reality they were making Africa a horrible place to live with brutal treatment of the natives as well as multiple physical and emotional tolls for the people of
This question is still being asked and there are many opinions about this specific question, but there is one answer. The driving force behind European imperialism in Africa is resources. Africa provided resources that the European countries desperately needed. You see, there was competition in Africa among the European countries, technology development increased, and power gain. These reasons may sound complicated, but it’s actually quite simple each reason
European Imperialism in Africa during the 19th and 20th centuries was driven by a variety of factors, including economic, political, and religious motivations. On the economic front, Europeans sought to gain access to lucrative African markets, resources, and labor. Political motivations included the desire to extend a nation's power and influence, while religious motivations included the spread of Christianity and the conversion of Africans to Western beliefs and values. To start off with, European Imperialism in Africa began with the first wave of colonization, which was marked by the exploration and trade activities of the Portuguese, Dutch, and British.
During the period of imperialism in Africa all of the countries were competing for the title of being the richest and the strongest. In fact, the whole scramble for Africa was an opportunity for countries to enhance their overall economy. For example, King Leopold II of Belgium was determined to get the area of land so he can become more wealthy. France’s politicians thought that an overseas company would strengthen the country when it came to wealth, prestige, and power, so as a result they invested in land more toward the west and north-west. Britain wanted to protect their trading routes which required them to purchase land in East Africa, and they they soon discovered the rewards of the land so the were determined to obtain as much as possible.
There are economic, cultural, and political are the effects of the industrial revolution and European imperialism on both European nations and their colonies during the time period 1700-1914. European nations gained oversea colonies in North and South America, Africa and Asia. The European nations conquer Africa because they needed raw materials. European-introduced European culture, language, and religion to Africa. The European opened schools in Africa, which teach in the European language and spread Christianity.
Founded in document D African colonies and their exports. Economic factors were more of a driving force behind imperialism since the imperialists were in search of natural resources for improving technology and their national pride. The Europeans went to Africa because of their many resources and their quantities of gold, fur, and yarn all superior resources for the Europeans. Africa had dealt with European
According to the overview, “between 1500 and 1800, European nations traded for slaves, gold, and ivory along the west coast of Africa, but they did not go deeply into the continent.” In 1884, fourteen countries met in Berlin to discuss the division of Africa to prevent war from breaking out.. This meeting would come to be known as the Berlin Conference led by Ottoman Bismarck. Up until 1885, they stated that if a leader wanted to control a certain part of Africa, then they must prove that they have control over that area and that was it. This was the beginning of European imperialism in Africa.
Technology was a massive impact on European imperialism because unlike the Africans who had bows and spears. The Europeans have already developed the first machine gun. The mechanism of the Maxim gun employed one of the earliest recoil operated firing systems in history. The electric telegraph was also a big factor to European
European leaders then became aware of two things: Africa was contained with natural resources, and a scramble of the riches could begin a war between European nations. At the Berlin Conference in 1885, European Nations claimed parts of the African continent through rule of occupation. Though they did not consider the land claims of Africans, they did agree to specific principles concerning colonization, which included free trade, and improving the moral and material well being of Africans. Before European nations stayed away from the African continent, and now powers such as England, France, and Germany want large amounts of land of Africa. Several reasons European nations began to colonize Africa included political competition and ideological superiority; however, economic profit was the primary driving force to imperialize Africa.
During the time when European imperialism was beginning, Great Britain was undergoing their industrial revolution. When Britain had colonized parts of Africa, they realized that there was an abundance of natural resource that they could exploit. By taking resources from African colonies and turning it into products in Britain, they were able to boost their economy. Document D and E prove how Great Britain was able to make
In the 19th century imperialism was an important part of building European empires. The four major motives for imperialism are economic, strategic, religious and political. These motives helped great empires expand their territory and brought new cultures and languages to both the colonised countries and the countries colonising them. European countries such as Britain and France would use their colonies in Africa for economic gain. They would be able to exploit the country’s natural resources and bring them back to the “mother country” to sell and use.
What was the most important motive for european imperialism in Africa? The motives for imperialism in Africa was political competition, moral duty, and most importantly economic motives. A motive for european imperialism in Africa was political competition. All together there was 7 countries that colonized Africa. “ Make your country a royal throne of kings… the world a source of light, a center of peace.