Two of the greatest philosophers in modern western philosophy came out of the 17th century. Rene Descartes and John Locke made huge contributions to the world of philosophy that we know today. They attempted to find answers to the same questions. Using their knowledge on epistemology – the branch of philosophy that studies nature, sources, and the limits of knowledge – they concluded some very interesting concepts and many of those ideas clashed with the ideas of Aristotle. Rene Descartes was born on March 31st, 1596 in La Haye en Touraine, France, known today as Descartes, Indre-et-Loire, France. He was a very fragile child but was sent to boarding school at the age of eight. His father believed in giving his kids the best education. He
As children, him and his siblings were severely neglected. They were often fed and clothed by neighbors. Sometimes, they were placed in the care of their grandfather, who was a convicted child molester. After a while, their mother sent them to live in an orphanage.
During the course of his life he became the middle child of three that endured the separation of their mother and father, succumbed to the rejection by his father when he attempted to reconnect and ended up living with his grandparents, who also showed him no love and proved to be distant to him. At the age of 15 he was sent to a state hospital, due to crimes he committed against his grandparents, then after release he ended up back with his mother, who was still cold and
John Locke John Locke was born on August 29, 1632, in Wrington,England. He was an english physician and philosopher. He went to University of Oxford. He had a mentor called Robert Boyle who was an important scientist. He decide to study medice at England.
The average man, though he longs for freedom, feels the need to be safe. People naturally wish to have the freedom to act on things, believe in things or say things, but, they want themselves and their families to be safe while doing so. Alongside the need for safety, man has a need for privacy. People tend to react negatively to others digging into their personal lives, creating a want for their own privacy in life. This subconscious need for safety and privacy has always trumped man’s desire for absolute freedom.
The historical development of the world from 1690 to 1830 wouldn’t be what it was if it weren’t for John Locke’s Second Treatise of Government. Locke’s Second Treatise not only sparked individualism, but also revolutions, and was a guide to the creations of declarations around the world. Two main revolutions and declarations that Locke’s ideas inspired were the American Revolution and the French Revolution.
These four great minds are what shaped the future and paved a new way of thinking. They carved the world into what it is known as today. They were the ones who said that people make their own choices and should be given choice. They are the Philosophes. The great thinkers were John Locke, Adam Smith, Voltaire (Francois-Marie Arouet), and Mary Wollstonecraft.
The 17th and 18th century was a time known as the age of enlightenment or the age of reason. John Locke, Voltaire, Adam Smith, and Mary Wollstonecraft were all part of the enlightenment philosophers of the age of reason. During the age of reason philosophers would gather to discuss about politics, economics, religion, and the social role of women. All of the enlightenment philosophers made a huge impact on how we live today by fighting for what they believed in by sharing their ideas and thoughts. Voltaire was an extraordinary leading historical supporter of tolerance, he made a great change on the equality of religion today.
Rene Descartes and Francis Bacon were both the children of modern thought and modern science. They tried to revolutionize the old scholastic way of thought and learning. Descartes was considered the first modern philosopher and Cartesian philosophy won many followers in the 17th century. Bacon, too, was highly influential and his theories on the organization of the sciences had a great effect on the sciences in his time and into the future. So Both Descartes and Bacon had great roles in the Scientific Revolution.
His father was a wealthy textile importer in the U.S. Since his father had a good paying he went to good schools when he was young. He was an intelligent young child. He very versatile in school, that he completed his third and fourth grade in one year. He even skipped half of his
John Locke believed in the Imago Dei, that is the idea that humans are made in the image and likeness of God. Since humans are thought to be created in the reflection of God, Locke proposed that the value of the individual is justified by the authority of God. This means that God gave humans the exclusive right to their body and because there is value in their body then there is value in their labor. From this, Locke reasoned that people have a right to private property, which is taking a good out of the commons and adding value to it through labor. Since these rights to life, labor, and property are given by God, human beings therefore, innately express these rights in the Law of Nature.
As a young child, he was more drawn towards the works of present day rationalists than he was keen on concentrating on the endorsed educational programs. Alongside with philosophy, Locke was anxious about the study of medicine. In fact, he developed a great interest in the medical field, he indeed became a professional physician. As a political scholar, he contributed massively to traditional Republicans and liberal theorist, which are reflected in the United States Declaration of Independence. (Woolhouse, 81) John Locke was born on 29 August 1632, in Wrington, Somerset, England, to Puritan folks.