A comparison of rates of diagnosis of diabetes mellitus by ethnicity and race disclosed that in 2010 the AAs diagnosed for diabetes were 13.2% of 29.1 million Americans (ADA, 2014). AA adults have the highest mortality rate from DM in individuals less than seventy years of age than other ethnic groups (Tancredi, et al., 2015). In 2010, diabetes mellitus has caused the deaths of 69,071 people in the United States with total percentage deaths of all males (48.2%) and females (51.4%). In 2013, their mortality rate accounted for 21.2 deaths per 100,000 populations (CDC, 2015). This alarming statistics have proven that AA adults at risk for T2DM are in a greater need for EB interventions that will be championed by the advanced practice nurses
In women, the risk for CHD increases after age 55. The difference in coronary heart disease between genders is significant. Among middle-aged people, CHD is 2-5 times more common in men than in women (Jousilahti, 1999). However, CHD prevalence was greater among men (7.8%) than women (4.6%) in
The National Health Survey Analysis 2007 to 2008 shows that one third of the Australia population, which mean 7 million or 35 percent Australians have been reported to have suffered from at least one of the following chronic diseases such as coronary heart disease, arthritis, cerebrovascular disease, osteoporosis, asthma, depression, type 2 diabetes and blood pressure. In other word the percentage of chronic diseases among the Australians increased with age and lifestyle (AIHW 2012a). In the data of the Australian health survey (2011-2012) it shows that 13 percent of Australia population suffered from back pain (problems), 15 percent was also recorded to have suffered from arthritis and another 10 percent had hypertensive disease, depression and asthma. Additional statistic data indicate that around 360,000 people (1.6 percent of the population were suffering from cancer, 1 million of the population had heart disease and 999,000 were suffering from diabetes. Cited in (ABS,
In the industrialized world, the population incidence of S. aureus bacteremia ranges from 10 to 30 per 100,000 persons in a year. Rates of getting infections are high in the first year of life. A low incidence takes place throughout young adulthood and a gradual rise in incidence occurs with advancing age. Infective endocarditis incidence was originally 1.5 to 6 per 100,000 person in a year. It has increased to 16.6 per 100,000 person in a years in 2006.
Fresno County is located in the central regions of California (CA). Current estimates put the population at around 965,000 which represents a huge 20% increase over the last 14 years. Most of the population growth came from the Hispanic and Asian communities, which now represent over 33% of the total population. Given the County 's proximity to both Sacramento and Los Angeles, they too suffer from a large number of crimes and death related to drug abuse and addiction. Startling Statistical Information About Drug Abuse in Fresno County, California While Trust for America 's Health reported the state of California has the 15th lowest fatality rate (10.6 out of every 100,000 people) from drug overdose, the number is quite misleading considering the vast population of the state.
INTRODUCTION Spontaneous cerebral hemorrhage is the main type of cerebral hemorrhage, the second most common cause of stroke after the ischemic stroke (1). Its incidence increases with age, with people over 85 years having up to 10 times the risk of having a brain hemorrhage compared to those between 45 and 54 years (2). With increasing of life expectancy, an increase in the incidence of stroke is likely to occur, particularly in developing countries such as those from Latin America (3,4). Although the incidence of stroke in developed countries has reduced by 42% over the past four decades, this reduction is most likely due to decrease in the incidence of the ischemic form (1), so that a recent meta-analysis failed to demonstrate changes in the incidence of cerebral hemorrhage between 1980 and 2006 (5). The overall incidence of cerebral hemorrhage in this study was 24.6 per 100,000 people per year (19.7-30.7, 95% CI), but data from Latin America were limited.
INTRODUCTION Ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide in hospitalized patients. Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality increases exponentially from 75 years-old . Approximately, 30% of patients admitted for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are over 75 years old, and represent 50% of ischemic heart disease mortality [2,3]. Elderly patients have a higher risk for AMI short- and long-term mortality than younger patients [4,5]. On the other hand, nonagenarians with AMI non admitted to Coronary Care Unit (CCU) are increasing progressively .
The world population has reached 7 billion people. Of these, an estimated 230 million people or 5% of the world’s adult population abused drugs at least once in 2010 according to United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2011). Approximately 27 million (0.6% of the world adult population) are problem drug users or drug addicts (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2011). Drug addicts require treatment. In 2009, 4.5 million people worldwide were receiving treatment for problems related to drug abuse, though the need is much higher.
Introduction Coronary heart diseases (CHDs) are a common disease in the world. Coronary heart diseases are the most common disease in the United Kingdom. According to World Health Organization (WHO), 150,000 people were death from coronary heart disease in the United Kingdom per year (Martin et. al., 2011). The mortality rate of coronary heart disease is increased in Hong Kong.
The highest incidence is found among men and women ages 80 or older b. Vertebral fracture Between 35% and 50% of all women over 50 had at least one vertebral fracture. In the United States, 700,000 vertebral fractures occur annually, but only about a third are recognized. In a series of 9704 women aged 68.8 on average studied for 15 years, 324 had already suffered a vertebral fracture at entry into the study and 18.2% developed a vertebral fracture, but that risk rose to 41.4% in women who had a previous vertebral