Pulmonary edema is a common condition seen in the hospital by respiratory care practitioners. It is important for respiratory care practitioners to have an understanding of the condition itself, along with the skill set to quickly recognize pulmonary edema. It is also important for respiratory care practitioners to stay current on the most effective treatment options available for patients with pulmonary edema. Pulmonary edema is a condition which results from excess fluid in the lungs. This excess fluid then accumulates in the interstitial tissue and the alveoli.
1. Atrial Fibrillation – It is an aggravation of the heart 's electrical framework. The issue begins in the upper chambers of the heart, which is the atria and causes these chambers to fibrillate, instead of beating normally. This means that the heart does not pump blood around the body as effectively as it should (Heart Foundation).
Also during the procedure of convectional valve replacement the heart is stopped and heart lung bypass is used. For the TAVI the heart is beating while the procedure. (3) 3. What are the unique risks associated with the TAVI approach?
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Introduction to Atrial Fibrillation The most prevalent clinical arrhythmia is atrial fibrillation, which can be defined as irregular heart beats caused by uncoordinated activation of the atria. Atria are the two upper chambers of the heart. During atrial fibrillation, the cardiac muscles that make up the walls of these atrial chambers, receive disorganized activation signals. This causes them to fibrillate, which means rapid and irregular contractions. This results in inefficient pumping of blood from the atria into the ventricles, the lower two chambers.
Vivitrol is the Key to Recovery Vivitrol is the name of the once monthly, extended-release injectable form of the drug Naltrexone that is administered to people suffering from opiate and alcohol addiction following complete detoxification. Naltrexone is known as an opiate receptor antagonist, which means it essentially blocks the effects of opiates and heroin (Syed and Keating 851). The recommended dose is 380mg intramuscularly every four weeks following 7-10 days of detoxification. This detoxification is determined by a negative urine drug screen prior to administration (Syed and Keating 858). When the effects of the opiates are blocked, the patient cannot feel the effects, therefore it decreases the desire and cravings, thus leading to extended periods of sobriety or abstinence according to Syed and Keating (851).
Right-sided heart failure is when the cardiac muscle on the right side of the heart becomes too weak to pump a sufficient amount of deoxygenated blood to the lungs. It is usually a complication of various conditions including lung diseases such as emphysema. This means that less oxygenated blood is taken from the lungs by the pulmonary veins and transported to the left side of the heart to then be pumped around the body. It can also produce a back-up of blood in the vessels within the body. This failure to pump sufficient blood to the lungs results in a build-up of fluid, which is known as oedema.
Patients are encouraged to seek help from a cardiologist, Doctors that specializes in the treatment of lung diseases, and a hematologist. Patients that have developed Eisenmenger syndrome are also recommended to take medications to help with symptoms, water retention, and iron supplements if they suffer from anemia, these would need to be monitored
- Limited mobility is a key factor in causing pressure sores therefore, daily exercise can improve blood flow, build vital muscle tissue, stimulate appetite, and strengthen the body. (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2014, p. 9). The goal is to prevent formation of pressure ulcers by elimination any possible causes and correcting systemic
AFib elderly treatments often include electrical cardioversion. Even in patients with the highest risk factors, only one percent of elderly patients experience problems with the procedure. Because elderly patients often take many medications, non-surgical procedures are often preferable for treatment. AFib Surgery AFib and heart failure often occur when medications and non-surgical procedures fail to slow the heartbeat or prevent blood clots from forming. In these cases, surgery is necessary.
When the heart loses the ability to pump out blood to systemic circulation, it back flows into the pulmonary circulation. This causes the blood to build up in the pulmonary circulation causing
The left side pumps it into the body. But the arteries have switched positions. So, blood that does not have enough oxygen in it gets pumped into the
Case Study 2: CHF Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a disease process in which the cardiac function as a pump cannot meet the body requirements resulting in fluid buildup in tissues such as arms, abdomen, limbs, and lungs. Symptoms can include fatigue, edema, dyspnea, and reduced tolerance to activities. Causes of CHF are cardiomyopathy, hypertension, and atherosclerosis, etc. Cardiomyopathy is an illness that affects the myocardium (heart muscles) and includes three types: dilated, hypertrophic, and restrictive cardiomyopathy. Managing a patient with this condition requires a proper treatment plan, techniques for education, and an all-inclusive teaching strategy.
Congestive heart failure, CHF, is when the heart fails at doing what it does best, pumping your heart. CHF effects more than two million people in America (Caroline 1018). Most people who have CHF knows what it is, and are on treatment for it. What most people who have CHF don’t know is the pathophysiology of their illness. Understanding how the heart works will allow people that suffer from congestive heart failure to have a clear view of what’s happening to their own body.