Christina Markevich 10/29/2015 Congestive Heart Failure What is Congestive Heart Failure? Congestive Heart Failure is something that occurs when the heart is no longer able to pump enough blood to the rest of the body, or when is just is not able to pump blood as well as it should. Some people happen to have either of these problems, some people have both. What causes the heart to become weaker? There is a number of causes, but most of all, the arteries may narrow in the heart. That is another disease known as Coronary Artery Disease. Another reason that a Congestive Heart Failure may occur is because of high blood pressure. Damaged heart valves, toxic exposure, such as alcohol, prolonged arrhythmias, and infections are all other causes …show more content…
A person may be tired with doing daily activities such as shopping, climbing stairs, or simply just walking. This happens because the heart cannot pump enough blood to supply the tissues. One of the biggest symptoms is an increased heart rate. This may feel like the heart is throbbing, or racing. This happens because the heart is trying to catch up to the pumping capacity, causing the heart to beat so much faster. When this happens, your body is most likely telling you that the condition has already worsened (Warning Signs of Heart Failure). What is the treatment for Congestive Heart Failure? There are certain medications to help treat a congestive heart failure. A few of the medications include ACE Inhibitors (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors). These help to open up arteries that have narrowed to allow better blood flow. If a patient cannot tolerate ACE inhibitors medication, vasodilators are also an option (Macon B.). Beta-Blockers can help reduce the blood pressure and slow down the rhythm of the heart (Macon, B.). Since a heart failure may cause the body to have more fluid than it should, diuretics may be used to reduce the fluid content in the
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2.Heart failure symptoms can include shortness of breath while sleeping or walking. Symptoms can show signs of chest pain or anxiety from stress. There are multiple signs and symptoms a person should look out for, such as dizziness, fatigue, rapid irregular heartbeat, or even swelling in the ankles, legs, and feet. But, in some cases there may be no symptoms at all. 3.Heart Failure can affect anyone of age, including infants, toddlers, children, teens, adults, and the elderly.
Case Study 2: CHF Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a disease process in which the cardiac function as a pump cannot meet the body requirements resulting in fluid buildup in tissues such as arms, abdomen, limbs, and lungs. Symptoms can include fatigue, edema, dyspnea, and reduced tolerance to activities. Causes of CHF are cardiomyopathy, hypertension, and atherosclerosis, etc. Cardiomyopathy is an illness that affects the myocardium (heart muscles) and includes three types: dilated, hypertrophic, and restrictive cardiomyopathy. Managing a patient with this condition requires a proper treatment plan, techniques for education, and an all-inclusive teaching strategy.
Congestive Heart Failure Introduction The heart is like an engine, pumping blood throughout the body. Over time, when this pump cannot distribute enough blood throughout the body to meet its needs, it develops into a condition known as congestive heart failure (CHF). When the right side of the heart fails, the lungs cannot pick up oxygen due to the heart’s inability to pump enough blood to them. In contrast, left sided heart failure is related to the heart’s inability to pump an adequate amount of oxygen-rich blood throughout the body.
Congestive Heart Failure Acute Decompensated Heart Failure (ADHF) is a clinical syndrome of worsening signs or symptoms of heart failure requiring hospitalization or other unscheduled medical care (Felker 2014). ADHF formerly known as congestive heart failure is one of the leading cause for hospitalizations in the United States. ADHF accounts for approximately 1 million hospitalizations per year in the United States (Arnold & Porepa 2012). According to the Acute Decompensated Heart Failure National Registry, patients hospitalized with ADHF have a substantial risk of in-hospital mortality and rehospitalization. Pathophysiology
Those who do not have a heart related condition are month the 10 percent of cases in which advanced age (over 60), over active thyroid, lung diseases, viral infections, stress due illness or surgery, smoking, obesity, sleep apnea are to blame. Some studies lead to the evidence of heredity as well, and sometimes no cause. Diagnosis of Atrial
Various studies have shown that heart diseases are number one killer in America. It has been observed that rate of re-hospitalization of patients, aged 55 years and up, suffering from suffering congestive heart failure is quite high than other ailments. Many researchers have pointed out that inadequate patient education at the time of discharge is one of the reasons of increased rate of readmissions in CHF patients. Many studies show that the lack of self-reliance and gist of self-care management are the root cause of re-hospitalization.
Summary of Article 1 Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is the inability of the heart to pump blood effectively throughout the body due to weakened heart muscles. Most of the aging population, regardless of the gender, often have this problem due compromised cardiopulmonary system. People who suffers from heart failure experience fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, and general debility. This affects how an individual performs his or her daily chores.
Some common risk factors include hypertension, coronary artery disease, obesity, severe lung disease and diabetes mellitus. Key features of Left sided heart failure are fatigue, angina, weak peripheral pulse as well as pulmonary congestion with
The main symptoms of CHF are breathlessness, fatigue and ankle swelling (NICE 2010). According to NICE guidelines (2010) there are two main types of heart failure, left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). LVSD is caused by damage to the left ventricle when it cannot contract, whereas HFPEF is caused by impairment of the left ventricular relaxation, rather than contraction. Patients should be advised not to smoke as it increases the chances of breathlessness; in this case they should be referred to cessation services in order to support the individual 's choice to eliminate a symptom. Patients should also limit their alcohol consumption due to the increase of liver damage, which they are more likely to have due to oedema.
In any case, heart failure is a genuine condition that requires medicinal care. Heart failure does not mean your heart has fizzled or quit thumping. It implies that your heart, which is a muscle that pumps blood to all parts of your body, is not filling in and in addition it ought to and can't pump as much blood as your body needs. As your heart's pumping activity decreases, blood may move down into your lungs, liver, or legs. This can bring about shortness of breath, leg swelling (called edema), and different issues.
Because of this inability to contract effectively, the rest of the vital organs receive inadequate amount of blood resulting to inadequate tissue perfusion. There are two types of left-sided HF; systolic and diastolic failure. Systolic failure happens when the left ventricle doesn’t have the enough energy to pump normally the blood to the general circulation. As for diastolic failure, the left ventricle loses the ability to fill itself with blood during resting period resulting to inadequate amount of blood to be pumped out to the circulation (Weinrauch, 2008). The diastolic dysfunction will eventually lead to right-sided heart failure.
Inherited Heart Disease According to the Center for Disease Control, “ Heart disease is the leading cause of death for both men and women.” Many people have a family history that affects the progression of their disease. This disease is hereditary, meaning that it can pass from parent to child. Many things can affect a person 's risk for developing heart disease, and genetics is only one of them.
The ultimate goal of treatment of cardiovascular disease is to restore normal heart structure and function. Cardiac transplantation is a treatment option for patients with progressive Cardiac Heart Failure (CSF) or certain cardiac diseases that are not amenable to conventional medical- surgical therapy. Patients who cannot meet developmental milestones or who have unacceptable quality of life issues may benefit from cardiac transplant surgery. However, approximately one in four patients die while waiting for an organ donor. Those patients who receive a donor heart must take lifelong immunosuppression medications to prevent rejection.