In order to isolate intermediate product a work up procedure is required which was pouring the reaction into water. This produces the intermediate product 4,5 dimethylcyclohexane 1-2 dicarboxylic acid
Sodium Bicarbonate mixed with Hydrochloric acid. The chemical reaction observed showed that there was fizzing and bubbling, this is evidence that a new gas was being produced. This new gas, CO2 was generated from the reaction. After the fizzing stopped a liquid was leftover leading me to conclude the liquid leftover leading me to conclude the liquid leftover was the NaCl and H2O 4. You found a sample of a solution that has a faint odor resembling vinegar (an acid).
Due to water’s polar structure, ions in some compounds attract and form bonds with water molecules, forming hydrates. A hydrate is a salt that has water molecules trapped within its crystals. Every hydrate has a certain number of water molecules weakly bonded to the salt as follows: salt • number of water molecules Anhydrous salts are salts that can form hydrates but which have had all the water driven off, usually by heat. By heating the Copper (II) sulphate hydrate until its color changes from blue to white, the compound can be decomposed into CuSO4, a white crystal, and H2O gas, represented as follows: CuSO4 • xH2O(s)
Problem: How does the temperature of water used to dissolve an Alka-Seltzer tablet affect the amount of time it would take for the tablet to completely dissolve? An Alka-Seltzer tablet is a medicine tablet made with baking soda used as a pain reliever for “headaches, body aches, pain, heartburn, acid indigestion, and sour stomach” (Alka-Seltzer Tablets). It is put into water, left to dissolve and then consumed. When an Alka-Seltzer tablet is dropped into h20, a chemical reaction immediately takes place and produces bubbles made out of carbon dioxide as a product of the collision (Olson 2). When in its original powder (dry) form, the Alka-Seltzer’s two main ingredients: citric acid and sodium bicarbonate are just there and not reacting to each
To calculate the percentage of Cu, we divided the final mass of the penny 0.09 and the initial mass of 2.47 and multiplied by 100. To calculate the percentage of Zn, we divided the final mass of the penny 2.38 and the initial mass of 2.47 and multiplied by 100. During the experiment the hydrochloric acid donated its hydrogen ions in the reaction and then the chloride ions reacted with the zinc ions in the solution. Thus, the zinc dissolved in the highly acidic solution which was caused by the high concentration of H2 ions. Hydrogen gas was generated during the reaction which was seen when bubbles were formed as the penny was dissolved into the beaker.
When carbon dioxide reacts with water, carbonic acid is made. This 0.1% aqueous bromothymol blue solution (also known as Bromthymol Blue) is a commonly used pH indicator. Bromthymol blue changes color over a pH range from 6.0 (yellow) to 7.6 (blue). It is a good indicator of dissolved carbon dioxide (CO2) and other weakly acidic solutions. Despite its name, bromothymol blue solution may sometimes appear yellow or reddish depending on the pH of the stock water used to prepare this pH indicator solution.
Acetone is a high flammable liquid that caused serious aye irritation and may cause drowsiness and dizziness, and irritation to mucous membranes. Dichloromethane – when in contact with skin, eyes, or respiratory tract might cause irritation; if swallowed is harmful and may cause problems in the nervous system. A thin layer chromatography chamber and TLC plate with silica were prepared; a line was drawn with pencil about 1 cm above the bottom of the plate. Using a capillary tube, small drops of solvent were added to the plate leaving then the solvent evaporate (the smaller the diameter of the spot, the more accurate the results).
The dehydration of 2-methylcyclohexanol takes place at the bottom of the Hickman still. As the Hickman still heats up within the sand bath, the products evaporate and travel higher up in the still where they condense into a liquid and fall within the collection ring, thus separating the product from the remaining water. Drierite (CaSO4) is also added as a drying agent to absorb any leftover water within the product. The purity of the product will then be analyzed with infrared spectroscopy, paying attention to OH peak if it is present. Chemical Reactions: Data and Observations: Material Volume Mol.
In addition, phenolphthalein was added as an indicator. The aliquots were titrated against sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution until end point was reached, after which volume of NaOH consumed was recorded. The value of the rate constant, k, obtained was 0.0002 s-1. The experiment was then repeated with 40/60 V/V isopropanol/water mixture and a larger value of k = 0.0007 s-1 was obtained. We concluded that the rate of hydrolysis of (CH3)3CCl is directly proportional to water content in the solvent mixture.
Alka-Seltzer tablets are used to treat headaches, stomach and body aches and also heartburn. They consist of citric acid (C6H8O7), baking soda (NaHCO3), and aspirin (C9H8O4). The fizzing observed is a result of a chemical reaction between the citric acid and baking soda which form carbon dioxide in turn causing the fizzing. When the tablets are dropped into water they dissolve and dissociate into the ions in the equation: C6H8O7 (s) → 3H+ (aq) + C6H5O7 3- (aq).
The acid catalyst then deprotonates the alcohol so it could retain its neutral charge and then the acid protonates the other hydroxide group, to produce H2O which separates from the main compound to stabilize its own charge and then carbocation rearrangement occurs to form a pi bond.
Two chemical reactions are carried by adding sodium hydroxide to the acidic solution from Part I. During the first reaction is the neutralization of the excess of nitric acid in the mixture by sodium hydroxide. The second reaction takes the place after naturalization is a complete and NaOH is in excess. While the liquid inside the beaker is being stirred, with the stirring rod, 10 ml of 6 M NaOH is poured into the solution from Part I at 1 mL at a time. After each 1 mL the solution is tested for acidity with red litmus paper.
The reaction created quite a stir, fizzing slightly and turning the solution a dark greenish blue almost immediately, before settling into a clear teal solution after a minute of stirring with a glass rod. This reaction produced clear, teal blue, aqueous copper (II) nitrate, dissociated into the ions Cu2+ and NO3-, as well as clear, colorless water (H2O) in its liquid form, and nitrogen dioxide, a dark, orange-yellow gas that escaped as the solution was being
Purpose In this experiment, the limiting reactant of a chemical reaction and the percent by mass composition of a mixture were determined. An unknown salt mixture containing sodium phosphate and barium chloride dihydrate was added to water producing a mixture containing a solid precipitate of barium phosphate. Through the use of filtration, the precipitate was removed from the mixture completely. The filtered liquid was transferred into multiple test tubes, each test tube had either barium chloride or sodium phosphate added into the liquid.