According to many surveys across the nation, currently, just over two-thirds of the American public believe the government should emphasize a lesser amount on criminal convictions for re-elections and more focus on offering treatment for people who abuse illicit drugs such as heroin and cocaine. Additionally, a significant proportion of Americans feel that those convicted of possessing small amounts of cannabis should not receive jail time, and there are some states had scrapped the idea of mandatory sentences for non-violent drug offenders altogether because of budgetary woes. More importantly, individual states approach towards drug use are beginning to shift from a criminal issue towards and health problem that requires rehabilitation instead of sending more drug offenders to over populated prisons.
Moreover, the aftermath of incarceration for convicted African-American felons entails that they are unable to vote. The constitution implements this idea that anybody can vote regardless of race or gender, but criminals are unable to vote. Criminals occupy the lower caste in society meaning that nobody wants to be like them ,stereotypes are associated with them, and nobody wants to advocate for them or their rights. Michelle Alexander explicitly describes the ongoing oppression by stating that “ Like his father, grandfather, great-grandfather, and great great-grandfather, he has been denied the right to participate in our electoral democracy” ( Alexander). Alexander is talking about the black man when she says “he” because majority of the
Over the past two decades, drug treatment courts have gained traction as popular alternatives to the conventional war on drugs and to its one-dimensional focus on incarceration. Specifically, the courts are meant to divert addicts from jails and prisons and into coerced treatment. Under the typical model, a drug offender enters a guilty plea and is enrolled in a long-term outpatient treatment program that is supervised closely by the drug court. If the offender completes treatment, his plea is withdrawn and the underlying charges are dismissed. But, if he fails, he receives an alternative termination sentence.
Prisoners in the United States and elsewhere have always confronted a unique set of contingencies and pressures to which they were required to react and adapt in order to survive the prison experience. However, over the last several decades beginning in the early 1970s and continuing to the present time a combination of forces have transformed the nation's criminal justice system and modified the nature of imprisonment.(2) The challenges prisoners now face in order to both survive the prison experience and, eventually, reintegrate into the freeworld upon release have changed and intensified as a result. Among other things, these changes in the nature of imprisonment have included a series of inter-related, negative trends in American corrections.
TITLE OR PURPOSE An effort to retroactivly change the current system of corrections in revielence to non-violent drug offenses. MAJOR AREAS TO BE AFFECTED The largest area to be affected is the present system of sentencing that has been set up for non-violent drug offenses by the Department of Justice and the Department of Corrections. JUSTIFICATION Today, the average federal prison is overcrowed by 36 percent.
Correctional institutions are a rapidly expanding throughout the United States unfortunately, and with them comes the individuals on both sides of the bars. The individuals behind the bars are just as important as the ones standing in front of them. Correctional officers are a huge part of the criminal justice system and their mental health and burnout is a serious factor to consider when looking at how important they are to our criminal justice system. Keeping enough officers to deal with the rising amount of offenders is a huge issue within our correctional institutions. Due to the responsibilities correctional officers have may seem to be linked or contribute to the burnout rates seen.
Under the guise of public safety, law enforcement law and sentencing policies became stringent and tough on crime during the war on drug era. The results only served to increase incarceration rates. According to U.S. Prison Population Trends in 1972 there were roughly 330,000 people in prison and jail (2016) and according to Criminal Justice Facts by 2013 that number had mushroomed to 2.2 million people (n.d.). It was also noted that most of the growth in the prisoner population occurred in vulnerable populations and a disproportionate number of whom were black or Latino.
Mental illness can be self-induced via drugs that is ‘brought about by oneself’ (8) for example, Cocaine or crystal methamphetamine can cause hallucinogenic effects which can develop into severe mental health. However, there are many questions about self-induced drugs and how the criminals are sentenced, is it fair that they get sentenced more leniently than someone who did it whilst being aware of their crime as they are not under the influence of drugs? One can say that it is unjust for the criminal justice system to sympathise with drug abusers whilst they chose to make a conscious decision to take these drugs. On the other hand, the factors that lead to drug use include external sources that can mean they may lack some control in their
Rehabilitation in prisons typically does not work because a “one size fits all remedy” isn’t tailored to fit every inmate’s individual need. The notion that some criminals were never habilitated to begin with could be true for some offenders; especially, if an adult raised themselves, without any guidance and support from their family. A person that has never been taught right from wrong and can’t read or write does not have the tools to function successfully in society. However, an offender that has never learned to read or write might benefit from literacy classes while incarcerated. Individuals with addictions might benefit from relapse prevention if they are willing and ready to change.
It is important that the National Offender Management Service (NOMS), NHS England and Public Health England understand the level of the mental health need nationally and within individual prisons, so that they can plan services to meet prisoners’ needs. A national data on mental health needs to help plan spending on mental healthcare; and an understanding of mental health needs at each individual prison to know which services to provide. NOMS expects prisons to provide an environment that is safe, secure and decent. Enabling prisoners to maintain a good state of mental well-being supports this aim but is challenging to achieve. The NHS has stated that connecting with people, being active and learning new skills can benefit mental well-being