This is a common theme in the novels Cat’s Cradle by Kurt Vonnegut and Frankenstein by Mary Shelley. Both novels show a scenario where knowledge has crossed a line by being used in insensible ways, causing it to become a burden. To use knowledge in a wise way, we have to ask the question; “even though we can, should we?” When this question is given thought, knowledge can be used to benefit humanity. Writer D.T. Max shows this by portraying the story of Neil Harbisson, who could not see in color before he had a cybernetic implant.
Having introduced his own notion of ideas, and since Berkeley’s famous principle is esse is percipi which means “to be is to be perceived” the author now assumes that since ideas truly do exist, then there should be something that is able to perceive them. This is how our enlightenment philosopher argues for the existence of the mind. First, ideas were introduced and it was affirmed that we experience ideas directly, so ideas do actually exist. And for them to exist they should be received and contained somewhere: in our minds or spirit, which are two interchangeable terms in Berkeley’s
Fukuyama's work "The End of History and the Last Man" started a broad discussion in modern sociology and philosophy. In the book Fukuyama tries to answer the questions “Is history directional?” And “Can the scientific method cease to dominate our lives, and is it possible for industrialized societies to return to pre-modern, prescientific ones? Is the directionality of history, in short, reversible?” (Fukuyama, 1992, p.80-81) As the supposed mechanism of directed historical changes, he chooses the natural sciences, because of scientific knowledge, various historical changes, the form of production changes, culture, and education and so on. In this essay, I will comment on the logic of the reasoning of Fukuyama and what he tried to outline in his work. Fukuyama believes that the first of the ways that modern science generates change is a military competition.
In this fiction author is more about to say that humankind intervention in nature is the reason for the natural world disaster. In the same way nature and human kinds are closely related and cannot be separated; or cannot deny the presence of one another. At the Anthropocene epoch, humankind seems to have control over the nature in some extent, despite that nature wait its time and respond how it’s been treated. At this epoch “human-kind has caused mass extinctions of the planet and animal species, polluted the oceans and altered the atmosphere” (Stromberg, np). Moreover, in “The Mutant at Horn Creek” the author shows how humankind will alter the natural world and its effect in the
In the following, I will make my arguments on the meaning of life from three viewpoints including Naturalism, Creationism and Existentialism. Naturalism Naturalism proposed life is a purposeless process. Their findings about lives are based on scientific results and it provides a realistic platform for human. However, they also made some false assumptions. Meaning of lives is for us to search for.
Genetic engineering enables the creation of animals, plants by changing the genes in a way that does not occur naturally in order to obtain desired traits. It has prone to concerns, and one of the main questions raised about GMO is the whether it is ethical to do so. In the following few pages, the essay
Television is capable of entertaining, but books will teach and go beyond. The social and political attitudes ( public feelings of ethics and politics) towards books in Fahrenheit 451 is highly negative, and books or even considered evil by many. This is a society that has based mainstream social life off of television and has found the necessity of books as minuscule and almost nonexistent centuries ago. Ray Bradbury (author of Fahrenheit 451) noticed that something like this was almost starting to begin in the early 1950s. Bradbury uses the points of showing the advantages society has by keeping books relevant combined with the dark image of what a world with no literature is really like.
Genetic Modifications Genetic Modification is a change or substitution caused by human activity in the DNA (the substance that responsible about the appearance of the organism). Genetic modification was accomplished for the first time in 1973 by Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer. Some scientists in countries around the world aspire applying this technology on plants and humans. Now some countries like USA, Argentina, Brazil, Canada and China allow their scientists to make researches on genetic modification; which will allow unpredictable effects occur by this technology. Genetic engineering is a potentially and powerful very dangerous tool.
Numerous literary devices such as the theme of invisibility, the dog as a symbol, and blinds to represent a motif are important to the literary structure of the novel. In The Invisible Man, Griffin discovers the invisibility because of a science discovery that accidentally happened. Invisibility comes a long way for Griffin. Later on in the novel, he uses invisibility to establish a reign of terror, instead of being used for a good cause. In Alternate Worlds: The Illustrated History of Science Fiction, science fiction scholar James Gunn points out that Griffin used invisibility for his own self gain instead of the benefit of society (Gunn 22).
The first examples of climate change novels were written in 1980s. However, as Robert Macfarlane pointed out in his article in the Guardian in 2005, novelists were late to the issue, There is nothing like this intensity of literary engagement with climate change. Climate change still exists principally as what Ballard has called ‘invisible literature’: that is, the data buried in ‘company reports specialist journals, technical manuals, newsletters, market research reports, important memoranda.’ It exists as paper trail, as data stream. It also exists, of course, as journalism, as conversation, and as behavior. But it does not yet, with a few exceptions, exist as art.