There was a lot of violence and killing to keep blacks out of politics. Sharecropping was a way to scam African Americans to farm for you and make them owe you money, so they have to keep working to pay off the debt. The Supreme Court let oppression happen legally, and could deny people the right to vote. The way black people were treated during reconstruction makes it a
Sharecropping is when a landowner allows somebody to use their land in return for a share of the crops grown on the land. It was most common in the South after the Civil War. The freed slaves chose to be share croppers because farming was the only thing that they knew how to do. Instead of getting wages for working an owner’s land, most freed slaves preferred to rent land for a fixed payment, because they were afraid that they would still have to be told what to do. In the first years after the Civil War, most black people in rural areas of the South were left without land and forced to work as laborers on white-owned farms and plantations so they could earn a living.
After the Civil War, African Americans went from bondage into gaining liberty. Twentieth President James A. Garfield stated, “The elevation of the Negro race from slavery to the full rights of citizenship is the most important political change we have known since the adoption of the constitution.” However, the centuries of racism, prejudice, and devaluation took its toll on Southern society, and they would take another century before all Blacks could vote unhindered. The ratification of civil rights legislation created only a beginning of a change because the Emancipation Proclamation failed to free all slaves, Whites did not view Blacks as social equals, and most Southern Whites would not cooperate with the new laws. The Emancipation
An example of a question would be, “Above the letter ‘x’ make a small cross.” (Document 6: Louisiana Literacy Test from the 1960s) Sharecropping was a system of farming used after the slaves were set free. Landowners would rent out a portion of their land to former slaves. In return, the farmers would sell the landowners their crops.
The Harlem Renaissance was of the embracing of literary, musical, theatrical, and visual arts it was set apart for whites. Many of Hughes writings were derived from the African American culture and the struggles of their society. The infusion of jazz into his writings created a positive stain in the community. One of Hughes biggest writings was of “The Weary Blue,” which was one of the original Jazz infused poetry. Many of Hughs writings envolved societal culture issues.
The Jim Crow laws weren’t originally named the Jim Crow laws in the reconstruction era (1865-1877) when they were first passed. They were started to called that by the actor named Jim Crow who was a white man who blacked his face and he danced around and sang about not having a care in the world. The Reconstruction era was the period of time after the civil war after the north triumphed over the south. Things weren’t a smooth transition for the people of the south with many people staying as racists and the creation of hate groups and deadly gangs such as the Ku Klux Klan were rampant after the northern soldiers left the south when reconstruction was over. The treatment of the innocent black people was unfair and unjust.
When the Natives were killed from diseases, the decrease of the population decreased labor work and made it hard for the Europeans to produce enough products to satisfy their needs. They thought the best solution to this problem was to have other people-indentured slaves- do the work, and surely, they did. Millions of Africans were forcefully migrating to America and slavery rapidly expanded, especially in the south. In fact, it became a way of life, and slaves were working day and night producing and growing crops for the southerners to profit from, such as the production of cotton. The cotton industry skyrocketed, and the southerners relied on the slaves to produce cotton and other product to keep their businesses running.
“We must defend ourselves against all Indians in general, for they are all enemies” Bacon proclaimed to a crowd of poor, working class Virginians. In the summer of 1676, Nathaniel Bacon led a group of men through Native American territory in protest of the unfair land policies in Virginia. Tobacco was a major crop in Virginia, and because it was tough on soil there was not much fertile land in the colony. Consequently, the shortage of fertile land made it hard for planters to profit from tobacco, and forced the citizens into poverty. As Virginians continued to struggle in poverty, Bacon commenced his anti- Native American campaign.
The economy of the South was mostly agricultural and they relied on slaves for labor. Once Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncles Tom’s Cabin, it became the best-selling book in that century according to Document 3. This book informed the Northerners of how terribly slaves were treated in the South. Many Northerners became abolitionists and tried to take action to end slavery. People in the South were completely opposed to the idea of ending slavery because their economic success depended on the labor of slaves.
Jim Crow Laws are laws that segregated blacks from the whites and it also took a lot of rights from the blacks. After the reconstruction the whites were afraid of the blacks taking over, so they created these laws. After these laws took place the blacks were disrespected and limited rights. The whites wanted these laws so the blacks couldn’t take over the world.
The Civil War ended in 1865 leaving the south disappointed and angry. The Union decided to help the south get back on their feet and have equal rights. Since the Emancipation Proclamation was put in place, the South was not allowed to own slaves. This took a big part of their economy away, so many were displeased. While the Emancipation Proclamation provided hope for former slaves, the KKK and lack of resources ultimately ended in social and economic inequality for African Americans.
White people went so far as to label drinking fountains: “White Only” and “Colored Only.” White people did not want to be in the same area as blacks causing black citizens to feel disempowered. African Americans were forced to work at minimum wage jobs since all of the higher paying jobs were specifically for whites, which placed African Americans in the lower class by making them laborers that could only “clean, cook, stock shelves, and load trucks.” All of which were labor that white people would never do because they thought that they were far superior than black people. “Strict racial segregation” was the result of the ex-Confederates regaining
The union who was of the north was for abolishing slavery which many felt were wrong even though they still didn’t consider them equal. The south was comprised of the confederacy which was a bunch of plantation owners who owned many slaves that tilled their fields. The north was losing at first two years after the start of the war the union allowed for runaway slaves and freed slaves to join its ranks. This was a major turning point now since white men fought alongside black men they were equal on the battlefield but not in pay. The union used the railway system they had to transport troops and food a lot easier than the south was able to.