This journal is the longest one of my sources because the author goes extremely in depth to how illegal immigrants contribute in a positive way to the United States economy. He breaks up his journal into different sections such as, the Labor Market Impact of Illegal Immigration, Illegal Immigrants as Consumers, Fiscal Impact, etc. In some of these paragraphs he has sub paragraphs to go even more in detail to explain his points. He mentions important things such as taxes and public service cost. He uses many facts and statistics to back up his points and explain it all.
Long run cost curves are U-shaped in light of the presence of economies and diseconomies of scale. Economies of scale are the cost advantages that a firm, or a business when all is said in done, acquires by extending production. At the end of the day, they are spoken to by the diminishment in unit costs over the long run as the extent of the firm – the scale – increases. Diseconomies of scale are the inverse: long-run average costs will in the end start to rise when the measure of the firm turns out to be too much expansive. The most evident reason is that as organizations increment in size they turn out to be harder to control and co-ordinate.
Along these lines, unemployment may decrease, as this has different favorable circumstances, for example, lower government using on profits and less social issues. However, this phenomenon includes a number of different expenses. Firstly, if economic growth is unsustainable and is higher than the long run pattern rate, inflations are liable to be seen. An increase in economic growth could prompt an equalization of issued installments. In case the expanded customer expenditure causes further development, there will be an increase in the import sector.
When workers see that their wages have risen, they supply more labor, leading to a lower unemployment rate. Workers may not realize immediately that their purchasing power has fallen due to quickly rising prices, but over time, their expectations and understanding changes and they begin to supply less labor, thus resulting in the natural rate of unemployment and high inflation. Phelps illustrates this phenomenon in his expectations-augmented Phillips Curve. His contributions have better explained the relationship between unemployment
• If PE ratios show how much growth (Montagne is growing better and faster) o Sterling expenses are going more than depreciation which is lower than Montagne o Expected to have Montagne PE to be higher (not only by a 0.2 difference) • PE of Montagne is so low and PE of Sterling is so high because it is over valued o Very diversified with beta • [Exhibit 1] Sterling’s operating expenses and commodities costs = rising faster than inflation rate: therefore more pressure on business profits Financial risk: by looking at the trends of coverage ratios, there is medium financial risk because Sterling is doing the borrowing o The higher working capital rate of Montagne Medical indicated financial risk in the Medicare/Healthcare market o Receivables are outstanding longer and there are greater risks of write offs for future o Inventory rates are higher and should be financially controlled/overlooked Beta [Exhibit 3]: • Beta for division: they are buying which is not the same for overall (diversified business) • Do not have returns for the division they are buying in • Division doesn’t trade in the market (doesn’t have a market price)- main challenge • Value of beta = 0.99 • Market premium = 5.0% • Risk free rate =
Also, it refers to the general price level increase because of increasing of consumer which is manifested in consumer price index (CPI). CPI is used by the consuming public to recognize how their purchasing power is getting effected. It aims to compare the cost of purchasing the market basket bought by a typical consumer during a specific period with the cost of purchasing the same market basket during earlier period. (Gwartney, James D.; Stroup, Richard L.; Sobel, Russell S. 1999) Due to real factors, the demand-Pulled Inflation will occurred by issues such as: fall in tax rates, without change in government spending, increase in investments, increase in government spending without change in tax revenue, decrease in savings, increase in exports, and/ or decrease in imports. For instance, buyers started generating more income or more volume of money, thus there will be high demand and the price of the goods or services will be increased.
This example can be extrapolated to individual companies given changes within their own balance sheets, bonds given changes in credit rating, and many other examples. (Learn how to analyze the balance sheet in our article, Breaking Down The Balance Sheet.) So what if one does not know the exact probabilities but has only estimates? This is where the subjectivists' view comes strongly into play. Many people put a lot of faith into the estimates and simplified probabilities given by experts in their field; this also gives us the great ability to confidently produce new estimates for new and more complicated questions introduced by those inevitable roadblocks in financial forecasting.
Financial literacy has received increased attention since the global financial crisis and the literature confirms that it is correlated with personal financial management . In parallel, financial education programs have grown in popularity and an increasing number of countries are developing national financial education strategies and making more investments in related programs. Literature has recently emphasized the association between financial literacy or numerical and mathematical ability, on the one hand, and risk diversification, retirement savings, investment portfolios on the other. Traditional economic theory posits that forward-looking individuals maximize expected lifetime utility using economic information to accumulate and then
Cost-push inflation happens when we face higher prices due to the increase in cost of production and higher costs of raw materials. It is determined by supply side factors. Cost-push inflation can be caused by higher price of commodities, imported inflation, higher wages, higher taxes and higher food prices (Economics Help, 2011). Demand-pull inflation happens when there is an increase in the price of goods and services when demand increases too much that it outpaces supply (US Economy, 2015). Sometimes people refer it as “too much money chasing too few goods”.
There are certain areas where still there is enough space for the improvements and processes can be more optimized. Few of the gaps that are identified while analyzing are discussed below: First, significantly reduced Days Sales Outstanding (DSO) can generate exemplified cash flow improvements in the financial supply chain management. Days Sales Outstanding (DSO) = (Accounts Receivable/Total Credit Sales) * Number of Days DSO, in general terms, means the average number of days it takes for company to collect revenue after the sale has been made. The sensitivity analysis given in the figure against the reduction in DSO is depicted in the above figure which very well describes the impact of DSO on the annual P&L benefits of the