Emma's Bma Case Study

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Emma’s BMI (body mass index) is 34 which on a body mass index scale is considered very obese. Obesity is one of the main risk factors that can have an effect on Emma’s fertility. Obesity can cause a variation of fertility issues such as to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), insulin resistance, and issues with menstruation and ovulation. A simple loss of five to ten percent of Emma’s body weight can restore ovulation.
Emma’s high BMI can lead to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is another possible risk factor that can have an effect on Emma’s fertility. PCOS is one of the main leading causes of female infertility. Although the cause is unknown, it is very common for those with PCOS to have intra-abdominal fat or to be obese. According to Emma’s description, she is obese and very has high abdominal fat.
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Potential risk factors Max might have in reduced fertility is being underweight. Max’s BMI (body mass index) is 16.2. On a BMI scale, this is considered quite underweight. Another risk factor Max might have, according to his weight, is low fuel in the body and excessive energy used. If low few is detected by the body, sperm will not be produced in the male body. Max’s description describes himself having a large weight loss and decreased energy intake by cutting out all animal products.
d.) Describe the potential mechanisms behind the risk factors proposed.
Max’s risk factors consist of low fuel, excessive energy expenditure, and being underweight. The potential mechanisms behind all of these things begins with the cells in hindbrain the body being signaled that there is low fuel in the body. The body will then release neuropeptide Y and catecholamine. The body will then block the hormone GnRH (gonadotropin-releasing hormone). Thus, the production of sperm is blocked, and infertility is then set in.
f.) What specific recommendations would you give Max to improve their chances

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