They also had the privilege to get married, to create separate houses of worship, and to get an education. Blacks would now have the capacity to have a vital effect on molding the general public. The 13th Amendment to the Constitution was then introduced by Congress to ensure that blacks could never be slaves again and to free slaves in areas that were not secured by the Emancipation Proclamation. There was an abundance of white northerners that went to the South after the war to help in the development of Reconstruction, or to benefit from it.
White supremacist groups were formed, such as the Ku Klux Klan organization. They caused violence against African Americans who believed that white people were not supreme. Particularly in Memphis and in New Orleans, many blacks were killed or wounded, and the burning of schools contributed to the anti-black violence. So, Reconstruction, which was to improve to condition of African Americans, was quite unsuccessful as it caused white Americans in the South to cause turmoil for the African Americans. The situation faced by blacks and the conditions they had to live under was not made better by
Many African-Americans were treated unequally after the Civil War. In source 1, the text states that racial tensions across the country were extremely high after the Civil War, and African Americans continued to deal with oppression (source 1, paragraph 1). This evidence proves that even though African Americans were no longer slaves after the Civil War, they still were being treated unfair. With that in mind, many African Americans had experienced horrible times during the 1800s just because of the color of their skin. According to source 1, back in the 1800s, there were “whites only train cars” and “blacks only train cars”, and the cars were not the same quality (source 1, paragraph 5).
Although slavery was declared over after the passing of the thirteenth amendment, African Americans were not being treated with the respect or equality they deserved. Socially, politically and economically, African American people were not being given equal opportunities as white people. They had certain laws directed at them, which held them back from being equal to their white peers. They also had certain requirements, making it difficult for many African Americans to participate in the opportunity to vote for government leaders. Although they were freed from slavery, there was still a long way to go for equality through America’s reconstruction plan.
In Chapter 1 and 2 of “Creating Black Americans,” author Nell Irvin Painter addresses an imperative issue in which African history and the lives of Africans are often dismissed (2) and continue to be perceived in a negative light (1). This book gives the author the chance to revive the history of Africa, being this a sacred place to provide readers with a “history of their own.” (Painter 4) The issue that Africans were depicted in a negative light impacted various artworks and educational settings in the 19th and early 20th century. For instance, in educational settings, many students were exposed to the Eurocentric Western learning which its depiction of Africa were not only biased, but racist as well.
They represented the interests of all African Americans, and they started to make decisions based on ones which would make their lives better, because they still faced many hard ships even though they were now equal to whites. African Americans greatly shaped the outcome and consequences of the Civil War. They were the cause of it, they played a key role in the battles, and they effected the political make up regarding African Americans, of not only the South, but the whole country. If the African Americans had not played a role in the war, the north may have still won because of their size, but the odds are that there would still be slavery and or segregation in the United States
The amendment was intended to grant citizenship to and protect the civil liberties of freed slaves. This Amendment prevented states from not allowing African American citizens to live their lives like any other free citizen in the United States including equal protection of the laws. Black codes were embraced by mid-western states to control or limit the relocation of free African-Americans to the mid-west. Coldblooded and extreme black code laws were embraced by southern states after the Civil War to control or impose the old social structure. Southern congress passed laws that confined the social equality of the liberated previous slaves.
From the beginning of the 1900s, African Americans have been limited from opportunities in healthcare, education, occupations, and representation. With United States entering into World War I on April 6, 1917, many African Americans were denied when they volunteered to serve in the army and military. President Woodrow Wilson’s phrase “to make the world safe for democracy” was soon realized by the African Americans to be limited. As United States became involved in the Great War, many white people believed in the “black scare” so they did not support in the African Americans being drafted, armed, and trained. Some African Americans believed that they should not be expected to participate in war related activities because they believe it was a white man battle for their rights.
Rights of African Americans in the 1930s African American rights in the 1930s were immensely limited, depending on where you were located. The US was vastly different, and had very diverse views on society. Each state had its own thoughts on what should and should not be permitted. After the Civil War, African Americans had more rights in the south then in the north.
They should have been able to acquire the same rights that white people had. Unfortunately these rights were taken from them and instead African Americans were treated with discrimination and harassment instead. Baldwin is able to use this information as a way to connect to the empathy of white Americans and attempt for them to understand how cruel they have been to African Americans. Furthermore, Baldwin shares his experience on his conversations with other Civil Rights Activists , one man states that “The white man sure is the devil. He proves that by his own actions” (Baldwin 65).
Throughout the history of humans themselves, we have always had that little spark of rebellion in us, that one fiery coal that can easily ignite the flames of revolution. Even today, in our somewhat sophisticated world, we see bits and pieces of rebellion in pop culture and around the globe. Even the National Football League (NFL) hosts rebellious players who need to get their points and beliefs across. Colin Kaepernick, a football player who wanted to make a stand for the mistreatment of African-American citizens, decided to kneel when our country’s national anthem was being played. He started a tidal wave of kneeling anthem protests following the same suit as he did.
During the dark years of slavery, there were also African Americans who gained their “freedom” in the North. Considering how White Americans treated and viewed African Americans we must question if “black’s rights” actually qualified as freedom. The free blacks in the North, with all their regulations and rules, would definitely not be considered free in the modern day. Freedom is the being able to do whatever you want, and go where you need to in order to obtain security. African Americans were not given these rights; they were segregated, judged, and treated inhumanely.
Before the Civil War, like in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, the Black population was enslaved and raised to never question their place as property. The Civil War brought on the freedom of the Blacks with the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, granting the freedom, citizenship, and the right to vote for black men. Despite the permission of freedom, many laws were set to keep the Black population’s freedom borderline to what it had been before, and such laws caused court cases to form. With arguments for and against the rights for the former slaves, little progress was made in, but it did start a revolution for the century
All through history minority have been fighting for their rights, rights that should be given to all but were not because of discrimination and hatred. Right that the majority had and the back than the minority wished they had. Rights like the right to an education, equality and freedom and many rights that were not given to any minority. The African American community was one of the many minority groups that were fighting for their freedom to be someone important.
After the abolition of slavery, African-Americans still had to deal with white oppression and racial segregation which affected education, medical care, employment and different services, also they had to wait almost a century to reconsider their social positions and stand up for their