Essay On Free Will In Islam

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Free Will:
The power of acting without the constraint of necessity or fate; the ability to act at one’s own discretion. (The Oxford dictionary)
Free will is the mental faculty by which a person decides or conceives himself as deciding upon and initiating his actions.
Free will is the ability to make choices according to our desire without external coercion.
In Quran, ALLAH gives us clear idea about free will of human being like
“The truth has come from your sustainer: let, then, him who wills, believe in it, and let him who wills, reject it”. [Surah Al-Kehf, verse 29] “Verily, We have shown him the way: whether he be grateful or ungrateful (rests on his will)”. [Surah Al-Mursalat, verse 3]
These verses clearly show that human beings are free to make choices according to his/her will and through ability of reasoning and thinking.
Predestination (Qadar):
Qadar or predestination means that Allah has decreed everything that happens in the universe according to His prior knowledge and the dictates of His wisdom.
Belief in al-Qadar includes four things:
• The belief that ALLAH knows all things, in general and in detail, whether that has to do with His actions or the actions of His slaves.
• The belief that ALLAH has
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This person has weakened God in His kingdom, thus, he is perished. The second is the one who assumes that God has forced people to sin and He has held them responsible over things that they have no power over. This person is unfair to God in His judgment, thus he is perished. The third is the one who assumes God has held people responsible for what they do and does not hold them responsible for what they have no power over. Then when he does something good, he praises God and when he does something evil, he seeks God’s forgiveness. This person is a mature
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