To conclude, there is little reason to believe that any other form of resurrection other than literal exists through Van Inwagen’s arguments. The causal chain reflects the patterns of nature and human form. Once a line is broken in the chain it cannot be reformed, at least in the same way it existed before. Since God created that chain he is also bound by its contingency. Further, the idea of free will presents any exact replication of an action unless it is continued by the original agent of said action.
The text shows that John Calvin believed in predestination and election. According to John Calvin predestination is a decree from God that is unchangeable that he made before the creation of the world that he would save some people freely which he called the elect which gave to them eternal life, and the others which he called the reprobate would not be given access to salvation they would have eternal death. His reasoning behind predestination is best described by him in a few different ways. For the most part he said that there was no basis for election outside of God he said that God gave election ” in himself” in that he based his beliefs of predestination on “nothing outside of himself”. John Calvin also believe that the main purpose of predestination is that God would be glorified in praise of the elect for his grace and mercy and in wonderful judgment of the reprobates.
We all are guaranteed to fall into Death’s grasp, and we all must act for or against God’s existence. Pascal believes that the intelligent choice is the belief of God - we all have the ability to acquire the possible infinite gain of heaven, with only the small but difficult sacrifice of some things in life. Descartes’ writings also talk about the belief in God. Descartes states that there are generally no undeniable beliefs or propositions, and that the existence and nature of the external world cannot be fully known or understood. Pascal believed in heaven as possible infinite gain, however Descartes believed that the nature and existence of an external world as something that cannot be fully known or understood.
Even despite his creation of the world if we are to agree and follow God’s guidance without question this theory shows us that we are actually instead only undermining God’s goodness. Another major issue with the Divine Command Theory is the non–moral commandments listed in the Bible. If we were to strictly abide by the theory we would have to follow every command God makes as if it were moral code. Certain commands God makes are still applicable in every day life, the 10 commandments and even others can easily be followed by a dedicated individual.
If man was never tempted to turn away from God, nothing bad would ever happen. True, life would be extremely different and marvelous, but how would God know if mankind truly loved him? Emma Hughes states, “Paradise Lost illustrates God’s creation of man and free will as evidence of His perfect nature, not as a contradiction of His benevolence,”(Hughes). God creating man with free will was no mistake. Milton states, ¨In the beginning how the Heavens and Earth rose out of Chaos,¨(1, 9).
However, God will take a situation and mold it to either mature someone spiritually or use that person and their experience to help others towards salvation. Clearly, evil and strife come from free will, the intent and malice of man. Since man has the option and opportunity to decide and act upon what he wishes, consequences
Nathan also uses the Ring Parable to explain that only God can distinguish the true religion. The believer of a faith is incapable of knowing whether their religion is best. He cannot exclude his own religion, but he also cannot be sure that it is his. Just like the parable, the father is not accessible to consult on which ring is true. God is not accessible to man to ask which religion is the truth.
Do we ever ask ourselves how God is affected by what we do? Or do we live our Christian lives with no thought of the effect on God of our thoughts, words, actions, and behavior? Do we not know that our insisting on our own way at Church meetings over the style of music, the color of the carpet, what instruments are played in the service is not known by God? Does it escape our knowledge that our unforgiving others, our judgmental and self-righteous spirit is somehow missed by God? The essence, width and depth of Christianity is love toward God and
Deeper than that, how did any of us thinking substances come about this idea of God? Descartes argues that “this idea is innate in me, just as the idea of myself is innate in me.” In other words, the idea of God is one that was not drawn from the senses, meaning it cannot possibly be an adventitious idea. The idea of God also is one that Descartes, or any finite, thinking thing, could have come up with because. This is due to the fact that God is such an infallible, eternal being, there is no possible way that any of us imperfect substances could have made it up because that would mean that a cause can have an effect that is greater in objective reality.
Here, Descartes considered the negation of God’s perfection, which means without any flaw, would be nothingness and its only flaw was the absence of everything (Discourse on Method and Meditations on First Philosophy, p.82). The fact that Descartes could conceive of nothingness and think that it was true, however, must also be subjected to the cause and effect argument, in which the element of nothingness could not exist unless it was caused. Should
Hence by acknowledgement of God’s middle knowledge Molinism allows one to understand how God can be divinely sovereign over a world of free humans. By knowing how humans would freely choose, in certain circumstances God will decide where to place them and what world. With His middle knowledge, He can determine where and which humans to create and which particular circumstances to designate them in, so that they freely bring about his
Therefore we must either choose to accept or reject the idea of Him and either become a member of the Christian faith or not. We now possess knowledge of God and His gifts to us as humanity and are also aware of the steps needed to be taken in order to be saved. We can no longer use the excuse of ignorance to God. He also bestowed us with our own free will in order to love him and follow Him on our own, as He only wants moral and honest people as his followers.
Since God lives outside of time, it could be instantaneous. How exactly the universe was physically created is not important to us, but that God created it is what is important. How God made life could have been through evolution or something entirely different. Every idea of how we were created can easily fit into the Bible 's aspect of creation because it is very vague and does not go into direct detail on how exactly God created everything. It is not important how we were physically created but that God created
Decision are not made in advance. Therefore, free will is possible under an omniscient God. Response to Objections While Lewis made a valid argument in defense of Theological Fatalism, he has failed to recognize that predestination, in any form, still warrants that one’s actions will be predetermined. Opponents of Lewis’ argument would argue that even though god exists in an timeless realm, we still can not act out of free will.