“Yall haters corny with that illuminati mess, paparazzi catch my fly and my cocky dress. I’m so reckless when I rock my Givenchy dress. I’m so possessive so I rock his Roc necklaces. My daddy alabama, momma louisiana. You mix that negro with that creole make a texas bama. I like my baby heir with baby hair and afros. I like my negro nose with jackson five nostrils. Made all this money but they never take the country out me. I got hot sauce in my bag swag.” (Heal 1).
The exclusionary rule is a deterrent against searches and seizures. Any evidence that is gained through an illegal search or seizure is now inadmissible in criminal proceedings, per the exclusionary rule. Supporters of the exclusionary rule argue that it helps prevent illegal searches and seizures against law enforcement. Those against the exclusionary rule argue that the exclusionary rule keeps criminals out of jail and there are other preventative measures such as suspending police officers without pay, dismissing them from a case, or in extreme circumstances terminating employment of officers who violate the Fourth Amendment.
Policing in today’s society has been impacted through a multitude of influences including social, political, and economical to name a few. One factor that has, in more recent years, left its imprint within policing is race. Race, brings up the subtopics of ethics, corruption, accountability, and public views on policing. The following paper will discuss these subtopics to help further understand why and how race plays such a significant role in current day society and policing.
Police corruption and the law breaking the law has very serious and unpleasant consequences, but the high profile scandals we hear about say a lot about how the establishment works nowadays. Yes, there was a level of expectation from the police who were involved in the incidents at Horsnett Farm, but experience established that expectation was never met
Since William Westley’s seminal study in the 1950s, reports of a monolithic police culture have focused on the broadly collective attitudes, values, and norms that serve to manage strains created by the nature of police work and the disciplinary practices of police management and supervision (Brown, 1988; Crank, 1998; Drummond, 1976; Fielding, 1988; Kappeler, Sluder & Alpert, 1998; Manning, 1995; McNamara, 1967; Reiner, 1985; Reuss-Ianni, 1983; Rubinstein, 1973; Skolnick, 1994; Sparrow, Moore & Kennedy, 1990; Van Maanen, 1974 (1975?); Westley, 1970). A monolithic culture, which strives towards the homogeneity of attitudes, values, and norms associated with a single culture, could be projected to break up because organisational philosophies change (Chan, 1996; Fielding, 1994; Paoline et al.,
Policing in this present day is defined as an individual or group of individual who prevent and detect crime within a community. Policing compares in many ways. They all attempt to provide services, keep the peace and reduce crime. Policing has evolved into something much more than what it used to be. Within this essay are the many different perspectives and how ethics were learned. Although it is questionable, that policing in America has different time periods. There is an agreement of three major eras of policing in America. Those three era's are, The Political Era, Reform, and Community Policing.
Police accountability is responsible to deliver crime control and maintain order, while treating individuals fairly and within the bounds of law. Police officers are expected to uphold laws, regarding due process, search and seizure, arrests, discrimination, as well as other laws relating to equal employment, and sexual harassment. Holding police accountable is important to build trust with the public's and for them to have faith in the system. There have been many complaints from the public against law enforcement, rather than relying on police departments. Integrity and accountability issues in policing is one of the reasons why the community feel unsafe and bias towards police officers because of the physical abuse of some police officers who are careless and abused of their power. Another issue is prisoner mistreatment, there are many people who have been incarcerated and are victims of abuse emotionally, physically, and mentally by correctional officers. Finally, corruption is problem because personal gain is a primary motivation for all criminal behavior because of the special trust and responsibilities placed in police officers the opportunities for them to abuse that trust to obtain money or advantage are considerable. Therefore, these are some reasons why the public have no trust in the police officers which is understandable, but as a community we need to also understand and be aware that not every police officers are bad there good ones too and we must treat them and everyone with
The second most significant case of police brutality occurred during the Selma to Montgomery marches in 1965. There were three marches and the aim of the marches was to make evident the black American’s need for a constitutional right to vote. Amongst the marchers were prominent civil rights activists such as Dr. Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, and Thomas Fitzpatrick Jones. The first march took place on Sunday, March 7, 1965, and was stopped by state troopers who violently attacked the peaceful demonstrators in an attempt to stop the march for voting rights. The first march became known as Bloody Sunday because the police terrorized the peaceful protestors. Watson stated in his article that one of the protesters, Lewis, was clobbered across
Starting on the path of positive development, increased visibility of police officer’s conduct allows for them to not only be held accountable for any misconduct, but realize that potential is there and thus, change their actions accordingly. The prevalence of camera phones allows the public to become “citizen journalists” and record events happening around them, while uploading these recordings on social media, allows a vaster public eye to discuss (and form opinions on) the situation from a secondary view (Brown, 2016, p.293). These online discussions which then form movements, petitions and hashtags do not go unnoticed by officers. Instead, they have a significant impact on how they conduct themselves during risky situations with offenders. In, The Blue Line on Thin Ice: Police Use of Force Modifications in the Era of Cameraphones and YouTube, Brown goes into an account of a Canadian “street cop” responding to a call about a problematic drunken man who had
There are some episodes where police officers use excessive force on suspected criminals. For instance, there is a scene where a young woman is suspected to be in possessive of some ammunitions and when she tries to resist arrest the police officer uses excessive force in her arrest. There are also other myriad instances on the move when the rights of the individuals are violated. This has changed over time. Human rights activists have come out strongly to condemn the excessive use of force in combating crime. They argue that a suspect should be perceived as innocent until proven guilty (Shelden, 2006). Also, the police officers have undergone massive training on the rights of human beings. Rarely will a police officer use excessive force to control crime. Unless in self-defense or a situation where it is deemed necessary the policing has been ‘softer’ in this age in fighting crime as compared as it was then back in the
Summary: This week we covered the role police in the criminal justice system specifically focusing on police discretion and the impact on marginalized groups. I found throughout this topic it built on my understanding of roles that police have in society, and how police deal with offenders, in particular minor cases before the court process. The works of Chapel and Wilson also broadened my knowledge as they where the studies that concluded that policing is a “vital component of governing a contemporary society” (Palmer, 2012). Our guest lecture Michelle Mullen also gave me a deeper incite not only into her career as a police officer but an insight further into the weeks topics:
Imagine you are just casually walking home from school. Slowly a policeman passes by and stops behind you. The police halts you and asks you to give your backpack to him. He looks into your bag, doesn't seek anything, and leaves. Are people actually given the privilege to feel safe and secure? Amendment 4 states that “The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.” This amendment helps decrease and limits the police to seize and search people. But
The purpose of this abstract is to critically review the primary data sources used in the criminological research. The two primary data sources discuss in this abstract will be the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) and the National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS). These data sources are reporting mechanism that tracks criminal activities in the United States. This abstract will discuss the strengths, weaknesses and differences of both data sources. To articulate the nature and extent of a crime, criminologists use records that are collected, compiled, and analyzed by government agencies such as the federal government’s Bureau of Justice Statistics (criminology
Ben-Porat focuses on the issues addressed in policing. The article expresses the importance on protecting and serving all civilians when it comes to communicating. It is noted that some civilians endure difficulties when addressing concerns to police officers. Enforcing discriminatory practices when a civilian endures a language barrier with the officer is what has resulted to prevent minority groups from receiving the services they need by police officers. In this study, research was conducted on a series of interviews from Canadian police officers. The issues at hand focus on police adaptation to a multicultural setting:
In the textbook, the book goes on to list police crime, occupational deviance, police corruption, and abuse of authority as the four kinds of typologies of police deviance (Schmalleger & Worrall, 2009). Starting with police crime, the term simply means when an officer uses their official powers and uses them in illegal means. An example for police crime would be whenever an officer uses their official powers in what could be considered criminal conduct (Schmalleger & Worrall, 2009). Second, occupational deviance, which means when officers preform actions under the guise of police authority that either fails to meet with the standards set by the department, or when not a part of their official duties (Schmalleger & Worrall, 2009). Examples of