The Uniform Crime Reports verses The National Incident Based Reporting System The purpose of this abstract is to critically review the primary data sources used in the criminological research. The two primary data sources discuss in this abstract will be the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) and the National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS). These data sources are reporting mechanism that tracks criminal activities in the United States. This abstract will discuss the strengths, weaknesses and differences of both data sources. To articulate the nature and extent of a crime, criminologists use records that are collected, compiled, and analyzed by government agencies such as the federal government’s Bureau of Justice Statistics (criminology …show more content…
These offenses are serious crimes that are likely to be reported to the police. On a monthly basis law enforcement agencies submit information on the number of Part I offenses. In addition to the part I offenses cleared by arrest or exceptional means; the UCR gives statistics on arrests and characteristics of person arrested including the suspect’s sex, race, and age of individuals who have been arrested for these and all other crimes, except traffic violations ( Criminolgy pg 33). Crimes are cleared in two ways; when at least one person is arrested, charged, and turn over to the court for prosecution or by exceptional means, when some element beyond police control precludes the physical arrest of an offender (crimonolgy pg 33). Also, UCR provides arrest data for Part II offenses. Some critics have argued that local police departments may have altered their statistics to produce internal promotions or departmental positions to support issues relating to crime and crime control that may or may not exist in their vicinity ( jblearning p 63). Most critics acknowledge, that there is potential for manipulation of the data records are not so great as to …show more content…
Also, majority of the crime victims do not report their experiences or situations to law enforcement agencies participating in the UCR program, leading the data to be flawed with incidences (number of crimes committed) and the prevalence (number of offenders) of crime (jblearning p 63). Not reporting crime to the police, caused disparity between the number of crimes committed and the number of crimes reported to the police which calls into question the reliability of UCR data (jblearning p 63). In regards to the hierarchy rule: single crime incident in which multiple offenses are committed, only the most serious offense is reported. (Arson is the only exception; it is always reported to the FBI.) For example, if an offender robs and murders a victim, only the murder will be reported. Not to put my
The CSI effect describes the way CSI is exaggerated on crime television shows such as CSI: Crime Scene Investigation and Sherlock which influences public perception. As a result, Jurors have come to have unrealistic expectations about the quantity, quality, and availability of scientific evidence, thereby raising the effective standard of proof for prosecutors. As technology improves and becomes more prevalent throughout society, people may also develop higher expectations for the capabilities of forensic technology. The csi effect creates unrealistic expectations of the public and has raised the juror’s expectations of the crime investigating field.
Justice Quarterly: JQ, 15(3), 577-581. Retrieved October 6, 2017, from https://bethelu.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.bethelu.idm.oclc.org/docview/228157991?accountid=56725 Saferstein, R. (2015). Criminalistics: An Introduction to Forensic Science (11th Ed.). Boston: Pearson. Retrieved October 6, 2017, from
There are many different ways to determine and measure crime. UCR, NIBRS, and NCVS are just three types to differentiate, and each system has multiple ways of labeling crimes. UCR stands for Uniform Crime Report, and can be located on the governments website to compare how low or high crimes were in specific years. Uniform crime reports can be the most effective when determining part I (aggravated assault, robbery) vs part II (simple assault) crimes. Usually it is easier for precincts to send their reports to the state, being that they have more technology with determining who someone is based on fingerprints or ballistics.
Both adults and children (aged from 10-15) are interviewed. The survey is conducted on around 38,000 people every year. The highest number of crime that is reported are vandalism, vehicle related theft, household thefts and assault. In 2008/09 the BCS reported
Law enforcement agencies use this system in the U.S. NIBRS reports generate data from Local, State, and Federal agencies systems. While the UCR method only grouped reports into 8 categories, the NIBRS is grouped into 23 different crime categories. The strengths of having an Incident-Based system are all the offenses in an incident are counted in the data compared to the UCR reporting and only reporting what was reported to the law enforcement agency. This report has more detail on each individual crime reported. It has such a wide range of crimes that the report can provide and collect.
The United States has the highest rate of incarceration in the world (Walmsley, 2013). One of the greatest known factors that indicate the potential for an individual to be incarcerated is a previous incarceration. Rates of recidivism are as high as 78% can occur within five years of release from prison (Jonson, 2010). Many programs have been reported such as drug courts, electronic monitoring and treatment programs to lower recidivism rates; however many do not include statistics over a two-year period (Jonson, 2010). As costs of incarceration inhibit another public spending, focusing on reducing recidivism would lessen the burden to taxpayers while providing offenders with the ability not to offend.
Predicting Crime With the Uniform Crime Reporting System The Uniform Crime Reporting System States that there are four types of crime in the United States such as United States Crime, National Incident-based Reporting System, Law Enforcement Personnel Killed and Assaulted, and Hate Crime Statistics. (FBI, May 09, 2012) Crime in the United States is classified in three parts such as; Felonies, Misdemeanors, and Infractions. Each classification is determined by how high or low the crime is that was committed and what punishment is for the person who convicted the crime.(Montaldo, August 28th, 2016) National Incident-Based Reporting System this is crimes known to the police personnel the data includes types of offenses in an incident such as;
Introduction The top two and most commonly used programs for reporting and tracking crime statistics in the United States are the Uniform Crime Reports, UCR, program and the National Incident-Based Reporting System, NIBRS, program. Each program contains data from crimes and incidents that is tracked, analyzed, and reported by different law enforcement agencies from the reported incidents. While the UCR is the most commonly used, many law enforcement agencies are working towards shifting to full participation of NIBRS. Both programs use similar methodology to create reports of their crime based statistics, but still contain varying differences.
There are different types of media that are used to report crime to the public. Analyzing the different types of media gives the audience
In the 1990’s the United States experienced a great drop in crime rates all across America (in cities, suburbs, exurbs, and rural areas). The decline in crime was unexpected, large, and it was widespread geographically and demographically. Many researchers attempted to explain why crime declined in the 1990’s, but it was proven to be a difficult task. According to Zimring (and most other researchers) there are three commonly cited explanations for the crime drop. These are; the criminal justice efficacy, demographics, and economic factors.
Crime is a blemish in almost every society. Criminals and law breakers have been around since biblical times and still haunt societies today. The American Criminal Justice System is in place to attempt to help control criminals. The idea is not to create a perfect society where no crime will be committed, but to contain the crime. Predicting crime is not an easy task, criminal justice officials take many steps to prevent crime from happening.