As we have discussed I have done some research on ways to prevent recidivism among our medium to high risk offenders and whether it would be beneficial for Community Corrections departments to implement evidence-based programs in the case management of these offenders. To obtain data for this report I referred to government and professional publications; I also conducted various interviews with individuals who are knowledgeable of these practices. This report addresses whether certain programs used in community corrections are an effective practice for the medium to high risk criminal population. I am going to provide three different programs and their costs that could be implemented in community based corrections.
In the journal “What works in Reducing Recidivism” I revised how Latessa has been finding the resources of different interventions that can help inmates reduce the drugs and crime. Different evaluations and meta-analysis and cost-benefit studies have improved of the drug courts. Drug courts have produced a modest and significant recidivism for adults with cost savings. As well for juvenile’s drug court are less substantial. A few programs that have I have reviewed to be non effective in reducing recidivism were shaming offenders, drug prevention programs, talking cures and self help programs have actually increased recidivism rates.
Before cheating on his wife of 14 years, before taking the life of his girlfriend, before spending 29 years locked up in the San Quentin State Prison, while living his life in California with his wife and three children, Larry Histon was an ordinary man with a successful career in high tech. Histon is one amongst the 6.9 million adults who are under correctional supervision- about 2.8% of adults (1 of 36) in the U.S. resident population. Although incarceration seems like an asset to society, it is, in fact, the culprit of poverty and many broken relationships. As a result of such a tremendous amount of imprisoned individuals, communities and families nationwide are constantly damaged and impacted negatively.
By definition, corrections are the variety of programs, services, facilities, and organizations responsible for the management of individuals who have been accused or convicted of criminal offenses (Clear 11). Yet, looking at what prisons are giving inmates today, it seems that this definition is not being upheld. There has been a lack of funding towards new programs that could prevent inmates from returning to prison, and the result is an increase in recidivism in prisons all over the United States. Since World War II through the 1970s, many changes have occurred in the United States correctional systems. During these years, the correctional system has transformed from the rehabilitation model to a more punitive model.
Recidivism has become a huge issue within the criminal justice system. This refers to an offender who have relapsed by re-offending, and ending up back behind bars. The criminal justice system has been given the responsibility to look beneath the surface of the individual, and try to figure out what is really going on in their personal lives. By digging deeper into the person’s past, present, and future, you are able to help these individuals with the necessary treatment to help them become rehabilitated and lower the recidivism rate. I believe that in order to help rehabilitate these individuals’ and to lower the recidivism rate there needs to be more educational resources, community resources, and funding provided to the offenders to
My findings focused on the points that mass incarceration substantially affects families and jobs, which then become factors in the issue of recidivism. Moreover, these problems especially target minorities at high rates. To strengthen these points, I could have done more interviews, especially with past convicts or convicts who have returned to jail in order to get more first-hand experiences. As well as interviews with different ages of children exposed to incarceration to see if or how the effects differed. In the future, I hope to expand on the other ways incarceration affects lives, such as through health, especially mental health, or college opportunities.
Being incarcerated is one of the worst things that anyone must go through, it can tear you down physically and mental. People who been incarcerated especially for a long period can come out mentally unable to function in outside life. However, what would happen if you have mental health or substance abuse issues and been in prison. The risk of going back into prison after being released have increase dramatically, and if this problem is left unsolved then it increases the risk of recidivism. This problem will continue to be a cycle if nothing is done.
Recidivism is an extreme yet critical concept in the criminal justice system. This term is used to describe an offender that has replicated an undesirable behavior after they are rehabilitated, or have experienced the consequences of that said behavior. Recidivism creates a costly challenge to our society particularly in the United States. In the United States the recidivism rate is that of approximately 60% of released offenders (Grassel, Maxwell, Viscuso, Isorena, & Reyes 2012, p 17). Recidivism is assessed by an offenders unlawful acts that have resulted in a re-arrest, reconviction and or a return to incarceration with or without new sentencing during the three-year interval following the offender’s release.
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America's prisons are overpopulated and the population is growing each year with increased drug activities. Low level drug offenders, comprised of 39 percent of the overall prison population. In the article " Department of Justice low-level drug offenders: a defense perspective" defines low-level drug offender as one who has been convicted drug trafficking offense but has no prior commitment, history of violence, known involvement of sophisticated criminal activity, significant "public risk factor," and pending detainer (Katz 28) . This group isn't hardened criminals and don't live a life of crime; rather they are motivated by profit. They are less likely to return to prison when compared to hardened criminals.