My findings focused on the points that mass incarceration substantially affects families and jobs, which then become factors in the issue of recidivism. Moreover, these problems especially target minorities at high rates. To strengthen these points, I could have done more interviews, especially with past convicts or convicts who have returned to jail in order to get more first-hand experiences. As well as interviews with different ages of children exposed to incarceration to see if or how the effects differed. In the future, I hope to expand on the other ways incarceration affects lives, such as through health, especially mental health, or college opportunities. Maybe even focusing specifically on the effects of incarceration on younger people,
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Abstract: This paper provides an introduction to the social impact of the collateral consequences (the families left behind) of mass incarceration. The reading will include thoughts from sociological perspectives and empirical studies that focus on the consequences incarceration and re-entry have on the striving family left behind. Partners and families of felons suffer from the system in place that punishes, rather than “corrects,” criminal behavior. Collateral Consequences Patience Kabwasa Prof. Laura Howe Soc 231-C21 May 1, 2014 Collateral Consequences
As previously discussed, previous policies that have been enacted, such as “reasonable suspicion” has led to the growth and acceptance of stop-and-frisk. As a result of policies such as these, mass incarceration is an incredibly profitable area of our society. However, history in general has prepared our economy for such policies. Slavery was used to keep plantations running with no cost to plantation owners. When slaves began to fight back, physical cruelty was used to keep them working for little to no compensation.
While the article covers recidivism the author tells us that the main goal of this article (2010) “The purpose of this study is to analyze the association of employment and incarceration for a sample of released prisoners in Texas” (p.707). This also covers the recidivism In the United States over the years. Incarceration rates went from the hundreds of thousands in the 1970’s to over 2 million by 2008 and this lead to major overcrowding. Which then lead to the largest amount of prisoners ever to have been released, causing difficultly for ex-prisoners in transition of prison life to home life. Most of them have been in prison for many years, and they lack the experience and social skills needed to get a good well paying job.
Not only does Berstein call for an overall reform of this nation’s juvenile prisons, she goes as far as saying the practice of locking up youth is in need of a “more profound than incremental and partial reform” (13). The fact that Bernstein outlines the numerous failed strategies and goals of this practice with her compelling use of studies and statistics is enough to promote an audience to reject the practice of locking up youth. The statistic she shares that “four out of five juvenile parolees [will be] back behind bars within three years of release” as well as the studies she conducted on numerous instances when a guards abuse of power lead to the death of a child work to further prove her point: being that “institution[s] as intrinsically destructive as the juvenile prison” have no place in a modern society (13, 83). Bernstein refutes this false sense effectiveness further by sharing her own ideas on what she believes works as a much more humane solution to rehabilitating
(At Risk Students; Stress Proliferation Across Generation? Examining the relationship Between Parental Incarceration and childhood Health, 1). This research study by O 'Brien (social work, Univ. of Illinois, Chicago) is based on interviews with 18 women formerly incarcerated for transgressions involving substance abuse or property. She shows how their prison and parole experiences affected their reentry into the "free world" as they sought to establish homes, experience healthy relationships with family and others, and live productive lives. (Wood, Suzanne W. "Making it in the 'Free World ': Women in Transition from Prison."
Introduction A late time of mass incarceration has prompted incredible rates of detainment in the United States, especially among probably the most helpless and minimized groups. Given the rising social and financial expenses of detainment and firm open spending plans, this pattern is starting to switch (Petersilia and Cullen, 2014). Toward the commencement of the 21st century, the United States ends up confronting the huge test of decarcerating America, which is in the meantime an enormous open door. Through decarceration, the lives of a vast number of individuals can be immensely enhanced, and the country all in all can desert this limited and dishonorable time of mass detainment.
The United States has a larger percent of its population incarcerated than any other country. America is responsible for a quarter of the world’s inmates, and its incarceration rate is growing exponentially. The expense generated by these overcrowded prisons cost the country a substantial amount of money every year. While people are incarcerated for several reasons, the country’s prisons are focused on punishment rather than reform, and the result is a misguided system that fails to rehabilitate criminals or discourage crime. This literature review will discuss the ineffectiveness of the United States’ criminal justice system and how mass incarceration of non-violent offenders, racial profiling, and a high rate of recidivism has become a problem.
The war on drugs is increasing the population rate in our prison system, leaving the states to increase government spending and to decrease spending in other areas such as the educational system. But this mass incarceration cannot and will not change if we do not change the inequality of race. Punitive laws and mandatory minimums can no longer be a law of the future, we can no longer afford to keep offenders in prisons for long periods of times for non-violent charges. Better yet we need to take the money we are spending on these offenders and put it to better use such rehabilitation programs, school systems by keeping these children off the streets and by giving these minority communities more opportunity by offering more employment. These
Quick Write Essay Mass incarceration is a horrible failure. America has the highest incarceration rate in the world. Even though America is home to about one-twentieth of the population , America has half of the world as prisoners. Incarceration is still high and not lowering no time soon.
The article reviewed the issues that occur in a child’s life in regard to their education when their parents are incarcerated. Vacca points out that the children of parents that are incarcerated often “experience emotional withdrawal, failure in school, delinquency, and the risk of intergenerational incarceration” (49). He also suggests that many people in our society do not realize that these children “…often they lack any positive intervention from homes and community agencies” which allows them to fall through the cracks (Vacca
The purpose of this study is to analyze the association of employment and incarceration for a sample of released prisoners in Texas. This covers the recidivism In the United States over the past 30 years. Incarceration rates went from the hundreds of thousands in 1973 to 2.3 million by 2008 and of course this lead to major overcrowding, which then the largest amount of prisoners ever have been released causing difficult transition for a majority of prisoners. Since most of them have been in prison for many years, they the experience and social skills needed to get a good well paying job. Lacks of jobs for them lead the prisoners to be rearrested within 3 years of being released.
One of the biggest problems faced in America is recidivism. The United States house over 2.3 billion inmates. This mean that the U.S. has 25% of the world’s inmates (NAACP). research shows that more than 40 percent of inmates return to prison. Inmates in America, depending on charges, face many barriers toward becoming productive citizens at work, family life, and in their communities.
Specific Purpose Statement: To invite my audience to see the different viewpoints involved with life after prison in the U.S. Thesis: Those who were once in incarceration live with the title of being a former convict the rest of their life. I wish to explore their lives after incarceration and I hope to find the differing opinions some of you may have on those that have re-joined our community. Pattern of Organization: Multiple Perspective Pattern Introduction [Attention-Getter] How would you feel knowing you were standing behind a convict in line at a grocery store?
Every year, thousands of former incarcerated adults return to their families and communities; some search for employment and become useful members of society, majority are either recidivist or commit new crimes, which can result to re-arrest (David, 2013). The effectiveness of quality education in correctional facilities; which allow former incarcerated adults to return back to their families and communities with a chance to develop self-economical prosperity and to have a greater chance of opportunities. The goal is to evaluate the necessities in the educational programs to reduce or decrease re-arrests, recidivism and re-offenders rates. My research will focus on how can educational programs decrease the monthly recidivism rates and what