The Roman Empire is considered an important period in the western history. In 476 the western Roman Empire, which had ruled modern-day Italy, France, Spain, Portugal and England for centuries, collapsed due to a combination of economic decline, and drastically reduced military strength which allowed invasion by barbarian tribes originating in southern Scandinavia and modern-day northern Germany. Historical opinion is divided as to the reasons for the Fall of Rome, but the societal collapse encompassed both the gradual disintegration of the political, economic, military, and other social institutions of Rome as well as the barbarian invasions of Western Europe. In England, several Germanic tribes invaded, including the Angles and Saxons. In Gaul (modern-day France, Belgium and parts of Switzerland) and Germania Inferior (The Netherlands), the Franks settled, in Iberia the Visigoths invaded and Italy was conquered by the
Al., 2013, p. 240). Moreover, the capital city was formerly known as Constantinople, but was later referred to as Byzantium. Here, the people predominantly spoke Greek ("The Byzantine," n.d., para. 1). Although the western part of the empire collapsed in 476 A.D. after succumbing to German invaders, this part of the empire survived for more than a thousand years after (citehistory.comlink???).
At the extent of the empire within the sixth century AD, Roman road systems stretched from as region as Turkey and as way west as nice United Kingdom, and enclosed the whole thing of the Mediterranean outline. The roads build by the Romans were employed by legions of Roman troopers to cross the huge Empire during a short quantity of your time. The allowed the growth of the empire to hasten to become what it sounded like within the sixth century AD. The Roman route system was the primary unified road system in better-known world history. The code of law of the traditional empire, the Law of the twelve Tables, written within the fifth century before Christ, determined that the uniform breadth of a Roman Road had to be eight feet once straight and sixteen feet once arced.
But after Christianity, the basilica became a place where people worshiped, remains its function till today. A multifunctional structure of ancient Roman civilization. The Roman basilica was the meeting place that hosts all Citizens of the empire. A place for trading and a court of justice, basilica considered to be the vein of every Roman town. Like Greek stoa, the building techniques of the basilica were columns and colonnades that divide the internal space into aisles and a huge open central hall.
They deeply analyzed the properties of the building. The article basically focuses on how Suleymaniye complex was built, and how the building is being used recently. The article also gives detailed information on Suleiman the Magnificent and the Architect Sinan. Suleiman was the most powerful leader of the world. During his period the size of Ottoman Empire increased excessively.
The tension between the three main ethnicities occupying Bosnia and Herzegovina was what helped spark the war. The three main ethnicities in Bosnia were the Muslims, Serbians (Serbs), and Croatians (Croats). What is thought to be the start of the violent tension between the three groups was the death of the communist dictator of Yugoslavia, which was one big country that now is broken up into a group of smaller countries. The dictator, Josep “Tito” Bronz, ruled from 1944 till his death in 1980, and was believed to be the man that held Yugoslavia together. Tito instituted a policy called polycentrism which united the very different ethnic groups He followed a policy that he created called “Titoism” which
In 1848, a series of republican revolts broke out against the European monarchies. These revolts happened in France, Italy, Prussia, and Austria-Hungary. Ending in failure, the revolutions were followed by widespread frustration among the liberals. Each major country that partook in the revolutions had specific leaders that wanted to get their nations change. Each of the nation’s revolts had different outcomes and degrees of “success”.
1. Identify and explain two examples of external factors that led to the downfall of a civilization The Inca Empire is an example of how external forces led to the downfall of a civilization. The Inca Empire was pushed to its fall by external forces such as diseases brought by outsiders and the Spanish conquistadors. A website called Discover Peru informed me that diseases such as smallpox, measles, chickenpox, and influenza killed between 50% to 90% of the Inca population (The Fall of the Inca Empire). These diseases were brought by outsiders which makes them external factors that led to the downfall of the civilization since diseases weakened the empire letting the Spanish get into the empire easily.
This new knowledge was taken by the Europeans after The First Crusade occurred. From mosques to coins, Islamic art and architecture grew to very high standards, which are still here today (Hart-Davis, 2007). A very famous work of architecture,is, The Dome of The Rock which was built in 691 BCE - 692 BCE by an Umayyad Caliph Abd Al-Malik. The Dome of The Rock