Franz Kafka is a German novelist who wrote “The Metamorphosis.” In the story, he uses a third person point of view narrative. The novel uses absurdum, which exaggerates and dramatize the absurdity of modern life. The protagonist, Gregor Samsa, a traveling salesman, struggles with an external factor of transforming into an insect like creature. The transformation was not under his control and now struggles with a new identity. Once the sole provider for his family, he now becomes a burden. Internally, he is the same Gregor Samsa, but his physical appearance causes his family to alienate and mistreat him. The use of dehumanization is prevalent in the novel causing the protagonist to suffer with symptoms of depression. He is unable to be a positive contributor in society or for his family. The use of symbolism in the novel displays his isolation and humanity. The central conflict is resolved when his sister Grete, initially empathetic, comes to a realization that …show more content…
His strenuous profession, as a traveling salesman, restricted necessary human fulfillment that affected him psychologically. His feeling of dissatisfaction in his daily life revolved around traveling and working long hours. As a result, he felt the feeling of being separated and withdrawn from others. Humans are have social qualities that need social interaction for healthy development. He was not able to build a real friendship because of traveling, which caused harm within his social life. The narrator describes a recently hung picture, “The picture was of a woman clad in a fur stole; she sat upright and held out to the viewer a thick fur muff into which her entire forearm disappeared” (Kafka, 2013, p. 112). The protagonist displayed, this picture in his room to symbolize his search in finding love and a true meaning in life. Therefore, depriving Gregor from having a social life affected his mental
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The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka focuses on the twisted hidden identity of people and how it affects the society when it is reveled. Kafka depicts this ugly truth through an exaggerated extended metaphor of Gregor Samsa’s random transformation to a bug. Gregor is a travel salesman who found himself “transformed…into a horrible vermin” (1) one morning, and this transformation is what causes Gregor and everything around him to change: the ones he loved, the ones loved him, and the rest of the society. Kafka’s usage of extended metaphor crates an understated tone, which argues the restricted social norms and social rejections when one revels his or her true self. Kafka compares the idea of your true self to a bug to unravel how everyone—including
Both Kafka and Gregor were tormented characters facing the absurdity of their complicated situations, which brought both of them to their ruin, one by death, and the other by escaping into literary fantasies. Throughout the story I deduced the resemblance between the author, Kafka, and the main character, Gregor. There are many similarities that can be seen between both as shown above, it is as if Kafka projected his problems onto Gregor and discarded them into a fictional
In The Metamorphosis, Gregor, who has transformed into a vermin, has ignored his transformation and worries about not being able to aid to his family financially. One could say that Gregor’s primary role is to fulfill the role of the financial provider in his family, as he is the only one that works. The father, however, chooses not to take this role and expects Gregor to fulfill this role. When Gregor does not meet up to this expectation, it frustrates the father, as he must begin working. This shows that the father has always been able to work, but would rather not burden himself with this task, and when Grete starts to work afterward it proves this.
As the main character, Gregor Samsa, transforms from human state to that of a beetle, there are many aspects that are left unexplained and seemingly unstable. For example, in the novel, Gregor’s transformation into a beetle is left unexplained by Kafka. Kafka opens up the novel by stating, “When Gregor Samsa woke up one morning from unsettling dreams, he found himself changed in his bed into a monstrous vermin” (Kafka 1). There is no scientific or physical evidence as to why this transformation occurred, but it can be ascertained that it is a psychological transformation.
In reading Kafka’s “Metamorphosis” the character Gregor is the one that he uses to describe a man who has an acute loss of spirituality. For example, Gregor had a dream he was a bug and this dream became so realistic that it turned into his reality. In Gregor’s perspective, he can’t control himself and has lost his self with this dream that his voice even changes making his family worry about him. Throughout Kafka’s “Metamorphosis” Gregor’s happiness or what he thought was happiness slowly starts to deteriorate. Gregor had a job to help his parent’s pay off debt that they were in and since he can’t function as a normal human being he lost his job.
The Repercussions of Cruelty Cruel actions lead to cruel endings. Gregor Samsa, the protagonist in Franz Kafka’s novella The Metamorphosis, is turned into a bug from the mental and emotional abuse by the hands of his own family. The cruelty in the Samsa household is apparent from the beginning of the storyline. Their neglect and lack of compassion for Gregor's condition immediately sets the dark and miserable mood of the novella. Gregor’s whole existence has been about caring for his family and making sacrifices for their well being.
We learn that sympathy has limits and how alienation affects people. In all Mr.Samsa’s life has been shuffled throughout the course of the
“Next to me lay a Hungarian Jew suffering from dysentery. He was skin and bones, his eyes were dead… These words, coming from the grave, as it were, from a faceless shape, filled me with terror” (Wiesel 78). Gregor faces the same problem—the reduction of self-awareness. “Streaks of dirt ran along the walls; here and there lay tangles of dust and garbage” (Kafka 33).
There are many circumstances in the book that tie to Franz Kafka’s life. Kafka was abused by his father as a child just as Gregor is abused by his father. “From the fruit bowl on the sideboard his father had filled his pockets, and now, without for the moment taking accurate aim, was throwing apple after apple” (Kafka 49). Gregor’s father is throwing apples at him just as Kafka was also abused by his father who would hurt him. The apple here is seen a weapon that later on leads to Gregor’s
Kafka portrayed Gregor to be a symbol of all mankind for those who felt alienated. Alienation means “the state or experience of being isolated from a group”. Gregor felt alone and isolated even before becoming a bug. He had to go to a job he hated and not be able to enjoy his life because he had to work hard and pay off his parent’s debt. His parents ignored him and didn’t show any love towards him, they used him.
In Franz Kafka’s novella The Metamorphosis it enhances the nightmarish quality by using a simple writing style. This style enhances the nightmarish quality by actually having the main character turn into a bug as it states “ Gregor Samsa was waking up from anxious dreams, he discovered that in bed he had been changed into a monstrous verminous bug.” That would certainly be a big fear for people to become bugs one normal day to another, imagine being turned into one It must be horrible. No doubt thinking it will be someone's worst nightmare. Another reason that this novella shows is that it has very good description its features can be very gross and even scary for some people.
Inevitably, every person suffers the burden of loneliness. Whether this anguish exists for only a moment or lingers until death, its effects can be extremely detrimental to the human psyche. Franz Kafka, an influential novelist, is famed for his ability to portray society’s troubles through distorted realities. As an insecure recluse, Kafka seized writing as an opportunity for exploring everyday struggles like anxiety, guilt, and estrangement. In his unsettling novella The Metamorphosis, he develops the unfortunate character of Gregor Samsa to expose the ultimate flaws of mankind.