Racism in 1880 During the years 1870 through 1900, racism vastly continued across the United States. African Americans and Native Americans were treated brutally by white men; from being pushed off their land and having their homes taken away from them, to make room for white families or workers, to being brutally murdered by soldiers or hate groups. Whites controlled virtually everything including businesses, the railroads, farms, and most of the government. Once the African Americans were freed, many had hopes to become self-sufficient farmers like the white citizens around them. However, this would not become a reality due to the lack of land redistribution. Furthermore, in 1872, the Freedmen’s Bureau were forced to evict thousands of African American families that had settled and created homes on the land that was confiscated from the Confederates. Many former slaves went back to working on farms with a system called sharecropping. Unfortunately, this system was …show more content…
After the Civil War, several whites moved to the American Desert, the land the Natives were promised after being pushed off their homeland. This expansion of white settlers continued due to the Homestead Act of 1862; this gave 160 acres of land to individuals for free as long as they improved the land within five years. The United States government did not see the Natives as Americans, instead viewing them as their own separate nations. The United States and the Native Americans discussed and negotiated treaties through the Senate, treaties that would eventually be broken. In 1864, Colonel Chivington leads soldiers into Sand Creek to murder a peaceful Native tribe called Cheyenne. Native Americans in the great plains were forced to leave their homes. Some tried to flee to Canada, but were caught and forced into reservations. Natives were also weak and did not have enough supplies due to the whites killing all
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In the process of moving West there was a lot of oppression of Indians. The Trail of Tears was a huge moment in history regarding the oppression of Natives. The Indian Removal Act of 1830, which allowed the government to force the Indians to move to
The strong opposition from all over the country would make it hard for African Americans to gain land. Furthermore, Plantation Life, 1860-1880 shows two images that display the differences in a plot of land before and after slavery was abolished. During the slavery era, only 4 housing quarters were provided for the slaves. After slavery was abolished, on the other hand, individual houses, a church, and a school were added (Document #10). During reconstruction sharecropping was invented to help African Americans adjust to the life of a free citizen.
Imagine being forced to leave your home and travel about 1,200 miles on foot to a new place. You probably wouldn 't want to leave to go on a dangerous journey for no reason. Many Native Americans were forced to give up land east of the Mississippi River and migrate to preset day Oklahoma. Nearly 125,000 Native Americans lived on millions of acres of land in Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, And Florida. President Andrew Jackson had over 20,000 Native Americans removed from their homeland.
Following their relocation, Native Americans had to adjust to a warmer climate and less fertile land to grow their crops on. The crops were the main source of the food for these Native Americans and they struggled for many years after with hunger problems. As for their religion, they felt torn apart from it because they were not on their sacred land. After the Americans got to their new territory, the Americans left. They didn’t give the Native Americans any provisions to help them.
Native Americans were mistreated, and as a result, they too started to rebel and defend their territory. “Red River War…their mounts and supplies were so depleted that they could not survive the winter on the plains and were forced to enter the reservation” (Comanche Reading 4). The settlers eventually took control of them and forced them to cede their lands, their ancestral lands. The numerous conflicts and wars that Native Americans were involved in also resulted in a decline in their population. Such as the Wounded Knee massacre, site of two conflicts between Native Americans and U.S. representatives.
The native americans had two options. Leave their homes to the west or die (primary source). Some might argue that the whites gave the native Americans two years to leave but the problem was that whites couldn 't except native Americans. The native Americans gave up their culture for the white’s way of living so they wouldn 't be forced to leave (Cherokee nation in the 1820’s).
During the early 1800’s, President Thomas Jefferson effectively doubled the size of the United States under the Louisiana Purchase. This set the way for Westward expansion, alongside an increase in industrialism and overall economic growth. In fact, many citizens were able to thrive and make a better living in the agricultural business than anywhere else. All seemed to be going well in this new and ever expanding country, except for one underlying issue; slavery. Many African Americans were treated as the lowest of the classes, even indistinguishable from livestock.
Racism; “prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one's own race is superior.” Apply this definition to the citizens in the United States in the 1900’s and now, and then compare it. Do you see a difference? I don’t. Back then they were treated poorly as shown in Roll of Thunder Hear My Cry, “Hidden Figures,” Raisin in the Sun, and several other sources.
They were forced to leave their homes to move somewhere they did not know about. Also how badly they were treated and the war against one another unlike the Jews the Native Americans were not put in death camps but they were placed somewhere they had no idea about that area so in rebellion of not accepting this forced change the Native Americans decided to fight back against the Americans to get their ways and land back to the way it was before. During the war against Americans the Native Americans did lose a lot of lived like mother’s, children, men, women, people just in general who had loved one same as the
The army then put forts on their land to protect the imigrants. Cowboys came to settle to farm and and raise cattle. The Indians were then forced to settle on reservations for them. The indians were moved to the black hills, which the white were not allowed on. This didn't last long.
Many freed slaves returned to their locales but most often worked for neighboring plantations then for their original owners. A lot of freedmen lacked money to buy land, and equipment to work the land. White southerners most often refused to sell land to blacks as well. Landowners also lacked labor and freemen most often lacked land, and with cash being scarce many freedmen became sharecroppers. Landowners would dived their land into farms and rent them to freedmen for a share of their crop most often half (The Enduring Vison pg.
Native Americans flourished in North America, but over time white settlers came and started invading their territory. Native Americans were constantly being thrown and pushed off their land. Sorrowfully this continued as the Americans looked for new opportunities and land in the West. When the whites came to the west, it changed the Native American’s lives forever. The Native Americans had to adapt to the whites, which was difficult for them.
After World War 1, the United States was able to move from war to peace in the 1920s . However, with this transition came racism, the red scare, end of progressivism and bumps within the economy. Domestic problems that the United States had to face was the predicament of African Americans, labor unions that had grown in size and influence , the way that living costs had risen, the Red Scare, etc. For instance, with the tansition from war to peace, the United States had to deal with racism. A type of racism was a hate group known as the KKK (Ku Klux Klan).
What is the purpose of racism? In Theorizing Nationalism, Day and Thompson discuss how racism and nationalism are precisely the same. Racism has the ability to help build nationalism, especially in our young country. LeMay and Barkan in U.S. Immigration & Naturalization Laws & Issues talk about how this racism is used during a specific time period, 1880 to 1920, in the United States of America. Both of these articles argue that when the United States was in a time of peril, they used racism as a unifying factor to bring the country together and as a way to put a group of people lower than themselves to bring their status to a higher point in society.