The pigs use language that distorts the truth in order to manipulate and take advantage of the other animals. They start by exaggerating a claim in order to get the other animals into thinking Snowball is an enemy of Animal Farm. Squealer states that Snowball is “no better than a criminal” and was on Jones side “from the very start”(55,79). Since society shuns criminals due to their unpopularity, Squealer chooses that word. As a result of lying to the animals of Animal Farm, a scapegoat to blame all troubles on develops. When the pigs create a scapegoat, it put all the animals’ hate on Snowball, distracting the animals from the real problems. The strategy also favors Napoleon, making his only opponent— Snowball— less and less of a problem.
In the story, there is one main scapegoat in the character Snowball. Snowball was a past leader who was kicked out of Animal Farm, and now without him society is poorly run. The new leader, Napoleon, scapegoats Snowball to make others believe he is behind all the bad things that happen. But, the undereducated aren’t smart enough to realize the horrible things that are going on. So they scapegoat him to make themselves believe everything is going perfectly.
They plot a rebellion against Mr. Jones and the mutiny is a success. Snowball and Napoleon lead the said rebellion, and renamed the Manor Farm to Animal Farm. The pigs became the leaders because of their intelligence and Napoleon proves to be hungry in power. He also appoints Squealer to be his assistant and spoke person.
Animal Farm is a satirical novel about communism and corruption from too much power. Throughout Animal Farm, the pigs, in particular, use words to gain the trust of the others, specifically in the way that they would want to be seen as good and honest to the other animals. Essentially, the pigs in Animal Farm use rhetorical questions to gain power over the animals; as a result, this rhetorical device is effective by asking questions that can’t be answered so they are more convincing to the other animals. Squealer tries to convince the animals that Snowball was siding with Jones and was helping him in retaking power over the farm.
In the novel Animal Farm, the characteristics as they pertain to life, war, and of course Animal Farm can be compared to the propaganda techniques of the Russian Revolution. The techniques which were used was dictatorship, euphemism and scapegoat propaganda. Dictatorship is when one ruler has all the power. Euphemism is words that are used to soften the true meaning. Scapegoat is when someone is put to blame for the actions of another person.
The old pig sparks rebellion against the Mr. Jones due to their beliefs that humans are a threat as they use the animals for their own consumption and benefit. As time passes reframing is also shown in chapter 5 when Napoleon turns his back on Snowball because of their constant disagreements. After the dogs successfully chased off Snowball, Squealer states that Snowball was a traitor and in reality no better than a criminal; lying for the benefit of Napoleon. When the windmill is approved, in private Squealer once more chimes in on the redirecting, sharing to the other animals that the windmill was Napoleon's idea all along, and Snowball stole it. Supposedly Napoleon only seemed to oppose the idea to get rid of Snowball; which was in fact
In Orwell’s Animal Farm, the pigs, led by Napoleon, utilize propaganda by twisting previously constructed ideals, as well as the minds of the other animals to retain dominance and authority. Following the expulsion of Snowball from Animal Farm, Squealer informs the animals that “Snowball was secretly frequenting the farm by night, ... he came creeping in under cover of darkness and performed all kinds of mischief,” regularly communicating Snowball’s alleged activities so “Whenever anything went wrong it became usual to attribute it to Snowball” (55). As a new society, Animal Farm would obviously face difficulties. Napoleon and the pigs fervently deny this fact, hoping to instill a sense of pride and trust in the animals.
Animal Farm- Lies and Deceit The book Animal Farm by George Orwell portrays the theme of how someone can lie and deceive others to get what they want just like how the two pigs Napoleon and Squealer used lies and deceit to gain power over Animal Farm. Napoleon lied to other animals, Squealer lied to other animals and they both deceived the other animals, but the sad part is that neither of them lied for the better of the other animals. They both lied to get what they want- power over the animals and the farm.
As someone gains more and more power, they increasingly become corrupted with that power. In the novel, Mr. Jones, the owner of the farm, neglects, abuses and mistreats his animals until he is thrown out. When one of the pigs, Napoleon, takes power, he eventually behaves so human-like that it becomes impossible for the other animals to tell him apart from Mr. Jones. As Whymper was led to the store-shed, he caught a glimpse of the bins and was deceived, and continued to report to the outside world that there
After the windmill is destroyed, Napoleon blames Snowball by saying that he is the traitor who is trying "to set back our plans and avenge himself for his ignominious expulsion” (82). Napoleon’s strong desire to keep power drives him to blame Snowball for the destruction of the windmill to make him look good, so he would not be blamed for all the destructions and injuries that occur within the Farm. This impels the animals to assume that Snowball is the victim and consequently the animals would rely on Napoleon to keep Snowball away for their protection. Squealer swindles the animals saying that the windmill was actually Napoleon’s invention and that his opposition towards it is just a fabrication in order “to get rid of Snowball, who was a dangerous character and a bad influence” (71). Napoleon’s only strategy is to make the animals under the impression that Snowball is the source of all destructions in order to keep his power.
In her critically acclaimed novel One Corpse Too Many, author Ellis Peters wrote, “All of the things of the wild have their proper uses. Only misuse makes them evil.” The possession and usage of power is an especially slippery slope. In George Orwell’s novel Animal Farm, a main recurring theme revolves around power and how those who hold it will ultimately fall into corruption. The desire for power stems from greed, but power also fuels greed.
They often disagreed on many issues involving the farm until Napoleon expelled Snowball from the farm. However even after the expulsion of Snowball, with the use of persuasive language the pigs still find a way to blame him for any misfortune the farm may encounter. To begin, the pigs blame Snowball for destroying the windmill in which the animals worked soo long to build. “Comrades," he said quietly, ‘do you know who is responsible for this? Do you know the enemy who has come in the night and overthrown our windmill?
Furthermore, Napoleon gives the other animals the impression he was the sole leader of the rebellion on Animal farm and makes Snowball -a leader who wanted what was best for the animals- seem like an enemy who was in cahoots with Farmer Jones since long before the animals took over the farm. Napoleon and Squealer (another “fat cat” pig.) always put the blame on Snowball whenever something went wrong in the farm to avoid having the blame fall on them. Napoleon is an exemplary example of just how selfish and hypocritical people can be in furthering their own aims because he continued to subtly but purposely change the seven rules put in place as the pillars of animalism. For example, Napoleon and the other pigs move into Farmer Jones’s house and sleep in his bed after commanding “No animal shall sleep in a bed”, so he changes the commandment to read “no animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets”.
Napoleon had all the privileges and rights to amend the rules to fit his needs but there were severe consequences for those who questioned his authority or broke the rules he had established. The four pigs who had protested when Napoleon abolished the Sunday Meetings were singled out to be colluding with Snowball and pressured into confessing their crimes. The dogs “promptly tore their throats out” in front of all the animals. The hens that took part in the rebellion confessed that they were incited by Snowball appearing in their dreams and they were duly slaughtered along with a string of other animals. Along with power, corruption seeps into the farm.
Here the conditions the animals suffered are described, “Throughout the spring and summer they worked a sixty-hour week, and in August Napoleon announced that there would be work on Sunday afternoons as well. This work was strictly voluntary, but any animal who absented himself from it would have his rations reduced by half”(24). This quote shows how Napoleon manipulated the animals so that they were forced to either work unrealistic hours or starve. The pigs represent the Soviet ruling class because they are greedy, lazy, and manipulative. When Napoleon attacks Snowball and drives him to exile he is imitating the way Joseph Stalin drove his former friend Leon Trotsky to death.
In the book animal farm the pigs are the leaders in the reading the prince is talking about how a leader should act. Snowball would make the better leader according to the prince reading because Snowball has the qualities of a leader by being deceiving because he “appears to be merciful, truthful, humane, sincere and religious.” Snowball setup club type things and they kind of helped the animals but then he agreed to keep the apples and milk all for the pigs. Snowball is also a “lion and a fox” Snowball is smart and trick by sending Squealer out to give the speech about the milk and apples why because Squealer has ways to get people to agree with him. He was a lion by enforcing the rules.