Many individuals often as the question in their mind, “Who is the real Socrates?” Socrates never wrote philosophical text, his knowledge and philosophies were expresses based on the writings of his students such as Xenophon, Aristotle and Plato. Plato has been the most influential and valuable of all his students, based on Socrates philosophy and life. Plato was born in Athens, Greece in 427 BC. He was known as the “divine teacher”. He founded the first institution of higher learning in the Western world which was called, “The Academy”.
Throughout history there has been an abundance of ancient philosophers, including Plato, who explored metaphysics and its relationship to the real world before Descartes’ began questioning the idea. Nevertheless, his views on dualism are very different from Plato’s. As we know, Plato thinks and feels as if the body is just a vessel for the soul, but Descarte on the other hand strongly believes and shows proof that both your soul and body are connected and intertwining. Stating one is not superior to the other, both work hand and hand, affecting each other. Descartes states that “I reflect therefore I am.” Descartes shows through his dualism that though the mind and body are separate , they are connected and reliant on one another.
The second aim is to outline all the things Socrates says in his defence which to me were important in outlining the reasoning for his trial and which he uses in his defence. The third aim in this paper is to give my opinion on whether or not his approach and methods on how he handled his trial were appropriate. Socrates speech has definite structure. He first makes his speech of defence, then his speech in which he proposes an anterior penalty and last his speech to his jurors after his trial is over. Socrates has been accused of two things; corrupting the youth and Impiety but also of another.
The theory of knowledge’s main point of study is the human persons mind, and I am going to explain some of the theories about this, so I will divide this into three parts, first is “The Theory of Innate Knowledge” where I will tackle if this concept is legit and should we really believe on it, second part is “Reality” wherein I will explain how can we define reality, the third one is “Forever” I am going to point out whether there is such thing as forever or is there not. The theory of innate knowledge is conceptualized by both Plato and Aristotle, in this theory it is said that the moment that we are born in this world, our mind already contains knowledge or ideas, which we needed to nurture throughout our lifetime. Later on, some contemporary philosophers like John Locke contradicted this theory and made concept of knowledge, this called “Tabula Rasa”, unlike the theory of innate knowledge, this concept states that every individual was born with a blank state of mind and can only gain knowledge through experience. From these two theories I more likely to believe to the theory of the innate knowledge, solely because it really does make sense, I am not saying that the Tabula Rasa concept does not make sense, what I am pointing out here is that we could not exist with nothing in our mind, the theory of reincarnation conceptualized that after we die, only our body decompose but our soul remain and also our memory and the moment that we are reborn our soul along with our
PLATO: A PHILOSOPHER’S LEGACY Plato was a Greek philosopher that believed in eliminating all wrong and focusing on the good of everything as did his teacher, Socrates. He started the Athens’ Academy, striving to make ordinary people into philosophers so many could think, speak, and even vote more wisely than before. He, even today, remains a very important figure that inspired many other philosophers. Plato’s parents were Ariston and Perictione, and he had three siblings and one half-brother. He is very well-known for his numerous theories on ethical questions and such as his Theory of Forms.
Plato (429 – 347 B.C.E.) starts his quest for knowledge by asking, what is real in things? (i.e. the truth). He ulrimetly comes to the conclusion that what we believe to be the real world or what we see with our eyes is not real but merely an imitation or appearance of the truth.
Science[a]:58 is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe. [b] Contemporary science is typically subdivided into the natural sciences, which study the material universe; the social sciences, which study people and societies; and the formal sciences, which study logic and mathematics. The formal sciences are often excluded as they do not depend on empirical observations.  Disciplines which use science, like engineering and medicine, may also be considered to be applied sciences.  From classical antiquity through the 19th century, science as a type of knowledge was more closely linked to philosophy than it is now, and in the Western world the
Plato was a Greek Philosopher. He wrote a Socratic Dialogue around 380BC called ‘The Republic’. This is one of the most influential works of philosophy to date. His account of justice is split into two separate parts. Firstly he gives his description of his idea of justice in the state and then the individual.