The Spanish-American war The Spanish-American War happened in 1898 between Spain and the United States. During the war, the Spanish colonial rule was ended in America, leading to the U.S acquiring territories in Latin America and Western Pacific. The origin of the war was Cuba’s struggle to get its independence from Spain that started in 1895. The war was a short one that lasted for four months. During this time, Spain used brutal measures in stopping the rebellion, and various sensational newspapers in the United States showed this, leading to Americans developing sympathy for the Cuban rebels.
By the start of the twentieth century, most countries in Latin America were still under the rule of dictators. The Taft administration, therefore, attempted to negotiate with the rulers. However, as some countries would not settle a treaty with the US, Taft decided to use the US military force to destroy dictatorship and establish democracy. For instance, in 1909, Taft sent a troop to stir up a revolution against the ruling dictator José Santos Zelaya of Nicaragua, before using the military to go after the fleeing dictator and breaking off relation with the country. This example demonstrated that the diplomacy was not merely concerned about the economy, but also made an effort to establish what the Taft administration deemed as a better form of government than
In order to fully understand the way in which the revolution contributed to the cause of the crisis, it is important to note the factors that caused Castro to spark the revolution. The leader of Cuba whom the revolution sought to overthrow was Fulgencio Batista, a puppet controlled and assisted by the United States who allowed Cuba to become a "playground for America’s rich" (C N Trueman). One of the most common examples of how Batista allowed the U.S to play around with the Cuban economy was when the American-owned Cuban telephone company presented a gold telephone to Batista for allowing "excessive telephone rate increase" that the American government had requested (Kennedy speech). This all changed once Castro was in power. He started removing all the American influence which Batista had allowed in Cuba by nationalizing the industry, economy, re-distributing the land and confiscating American business and agricultural belongings (Britannica).
Batista's acts and his dictatorial regime was long-term political causes that invoked the Cuban revolution. On March 10th, 1952, Batista faced the possibility of not being elected as the president so he seized power through a military coup. He expelled the president, cancelled the 1952 election and took control of the government. Historian Arthur Schlesinger described Batista's government as "Batista's policies and his corrupted government was an open invitation to revolution." Batista showed his dictatorial attitudes through taking control of the university, the press and the Congress.
American imperialism: the result of capitalism, business, and trade; the result of fear, competition with other countries, and the quest for furthering an economy—proven with the acquisition of Hawaii and the removal of its ruler, Queen Liliuokalani. Why and how did that happen, and in which ways did it impact the world? The United States removed Hawaii’s queen out of imperialism, an avarice for control of the rich natural resources, and the strategic military standpoint Hawaii provided them with. This changed Hawaii to a tourist base and sugarcane phenomenon, boosting the United States’s economy, but also caused a decline in the population of the Native Hawaiians. The possession of Hawaii also led to the United States’s involvement in World
To understand this war one must know the background. Spain had ben occupying Cuba for many years. Cuba became resentful of their unfair treatment and began to rebel. American saw this rebellion as a mirror to their own struggle against British forces some 120 years earlier. In Hearst’s papers he showed the Cuban Rebels as noble patriots, though many of them had resorted to acts of terrorism.
The Teller Amendment stated that when the Unites States defeated Spain, it would grant Cuba freedom (Kennedy-Cohen 612). This Amendment indebted the Cubans to America and made them dependent on America. Americans wanted this amendment so that Cuba could become the United States’ land. During the time of the Spanish-American War, America was split between pro-imperialists and anti-imperialists. Pro-imperialists wanted to expand America because of trade, social Darwinism, and the White Man’s Burden.
In the eyes of Latin America, it is a pretext for them”(88). The Monroe Doctrine imposes self rights and is easily manipulated to help the United States. The Abandonment of the Monroe Doctrine was a document meant to discard points that might have the U.S misunderstood. The first point in the abandonment of the Monroe Doctrine is that “The Monroe Doctrine was not intended for the benefit of Latin America”(89). This brings up the question about whether or not the Monroe Doctrine supported to claim to the Panama Canal.
However, Fidel Castro’s ideology during his rise to power was being primarily nationalist , with a turn towards communism by the end of the Cuban revolution. Castro said that he wanted to elevate the standards of the Cuban people and this is what he did and why people joined him. Fidel Castro’s rise to power began on the 26th July of 1953, also known as the ‘July movement’ where Castro along with other rebels tried to "capture the Moncada army barracks in downtown Santiago de Cuba.”. Its aim was to take over this military site but this attempt failed. This event can be regarded as being a failure but it is an important factor in Fidel Castro’s rise to power as it led Castro and other rebels to face trials, trials in which Fidel Castro was sentenced to 15 years of prison.
McKinley Shamed as an Insolent Fool Scandal has erupted in McKinley’s infant presidency, as Spanish Ambassador Enrigue Depuy de Lome expressed his rather harsh views on our “Leader of the Free World”. He declares President McKinley as weak and simple-minded, as his foreign involvement in Cuba grows tiresome. The letter has been intercepted and released to the public between its intended course to the Foreign Minister of Spain. USS Maine Blown to Shreds by Spanish The U.S. battleship, USS Maine, was stationed in Cuba’s Havana Harbor.
Spain announced that they were going to limit Cuba’s self-government, but the United States responded by declaring that Cuba had the right to independence and demanded the withdrawal of Spanish forces from Cuba. For economic and strategic reasons, the United States had the public’s support of this war. The US people embraced the idea of freeing an oppressed population of people controlled by Spain. The United States was also interested in the sugar industry in Cuba. Cuba actually traded more with the United States than with Spain.
Congress approves force to stop the violence, but Spain declares war. In the end though, the U.S. won. The results led to the Treaty of Paris (1898), the Insular Cases of 1901, and acts/amendments on Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines. Cuba: Teller Amendment (gives independence to Cuba) and the Platt Amendment (Cuba is a protectorate if they don’t have agreements with foreign countries without U.S. approval). Puerto Rico: Fonaker Act of 1900 and Jones Act 1917.
The United States saw Hawaii as a location of both strategic and economic opportunity, for both a naval base and sugar farms. Times began to grow difficult for American farmers with the Hawaiian government, so they decided to overthrow the monarchy. The queen ruling at the time, Liliuokalani, decided it would be best to leave her position as queen as a means to prevent any bloodshed from
The first battle of the Spanish American war was when the Spanish thought that the Americans were going to invade Cuba. It took place in the Philippines, the Spanish colony. In two months and with 11,000 troops the Spanish surrendered to the United States. With hostilities and a blockade of Cuba, the United States showed its superiority
The letter contained the terms in which the U.S. would trade with Japan so they could fuel their ships on the way to trade with other countries, “Our steamships, in crossing the great ocean burn a great deal of coal, and it is not convenient to bring it all the way from America. We wish that our steamships and other vessels should be allowed to stop in Japan and supply themselves with coal.” (Source E.) Although the letter failed to convince the emperor to open his doors to the U.S., determined, the U.S. forced them to open their doors to them through gunboat diplomacy. With the support of the U.S., Japan finally opened up and built a great army and expanded technologically and economically as well as culturally.