To propose policies, which could be implemented by the government to attract more FDI. 1.5 Significance of the Study Given the immense benefits that the country can get from FDI inflows, this study aimed to investigate the motives of foreign direct investment, mainly in Tanzania because in this century, FDI is increasingly becoming an important economic and development tool globally and many poor countries, including Tanzania are trying much to set attractive environment to attract more FDIs in order to receive potential positive impacts that accompany such investment schemes. Moreover, FDI is the fueling element for any developing nation in terms of Investment and Finance portfolios. Every country for their growth would require available funds and investment to flow into the country. Since FDI is becoming an important tool for inflow of investment for a country, therefore, it is better to identify the potential economic sectors that can lead to rapid economic transformation and stability by directing the reasonable and adequate amount of investment funds especially that comes in the form of
Macro-empirical work on the FDI-growth relationship overall suggests that FDI has a positive impact on economic growth. However, FDI in Malaysia has faced several periods of slowdown since the early of 1990. FDI in Malaysia has dropped drastically in 1993 due to a slowdown in investments from two main sources of investments for Malaysia which are Japan and Taiwan. The main reason of the slowdown in investment is because of the wage rates in Malaysia is rise relative to other Asian country such as Indonesia, China and Vietnam. Thus, Malaysia overcome the high wage crisis and provided incentives like monetary and fiscal policy to meet up the preferences of direct investors who consider investing in Malaysia.
Sino- Tanzania economic engagement has been momentous area generating highly positive results; Chinese operations in Tanzania receive positive reception and the prevalent growing discontent with the performance. In that respect, the main question that the study uncovered as to answer why Tanzanians have mixed reactions towards the existing Sino-Tanzania economic engagement? Together with the general question, the study rationalized the local integration of Chinese companies and business operations hence the following specific questions were asked. - What are the social and economic advantages of the existing Sino- Tanzania economic engagement? - What are the social and economic disadvantages of the existing Sino- Tanzania economic engagement?
Its percentage of Aid in Africa is larger than the percentage in trade and FDI. Actually, in Africa Germany concentrates its market to more than 30 countries in which the leading country is South Africa. The purpose of this research entailed scrutinizing to what extent the Germany-Tanzania trade relation could have impacted the economy and support for the development prospect of Tanzania. Also, analysing the opportunities and risks that were associated with the trade between them. The organisation of research receives a support from Afrika-Verein.
The role of FDI in recipient countries is suggested by several empirical studies as an important source of capital. Chowdhury and Mavrotas (2005), explain that FDI complements domestic investments, improves human capital, increases the level of technology, and stimulates overall economic growth in the host countries. However, some studies carried out at the level of firms such as that by Carkovic and Levine (2005), and that by Gorg and Greenway (2004), do not support the view that FDI plays a positive role by boosting growth in the host
Even though, he further revealed that, FDI initially has a crowding effect on domestic investment but the effect evolves and becomes positive over time. Furthermore, taking into consideration countries’ governance, FDI and economic growth, Yosra et al. (2014) built a sample of 17 Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries over the period 1996-2011 using the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) on a dynamic panel. They found a positive and significant impact of FDI on
IV. Analyzing the main factors, which moving migration in Tajikistan Due to the specific conditions mentioned above, Tajikistan retains the advantage of labor emigration over immigration. A significant part of the labor force of Tajikistan extends to the territories of the CIS countries, mainly in the Russian Federation, which currently accepts the absolute majority of Tajik citizens leaving their homeland for earning (Inforr.ru, 2013, para 4). However, migration from Tajikistan is a global factor, as long-term migrants and diaspora are present in other developed regions of the world, including Europe and North America. The number of labor migrants from Tajikistan is defined to 800,000 persons or 11% of the population.
Tanzania 's relationship, however, with the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) was tense because of differing perspectives on the root causes of the economic crisis and how to handle it. Tanzanian policy makers attributed the crisis to exogenous shocks, while the World Bank and the IMF stressed deficient economic policies and institutions as the root cause. For the education sector, this period saw a huge reduction in resources that lead to a reversal of progress made towards UPE during the 1970s and declining quantity and quality at all levels of
Like in the previous survey, the majority of visitors to Tanzania came from Italy, followed by those from the United Kingdom. Visitors from the United States of America came third followed by those from Germany and Spain. Management of the sector The Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism Tanzania (MNRT) oversees the tourism policy, national parks development, game and game parks, development of beaches and other tourism attractions, national heritage, antiquities and museum, national resources and forests. The operating mission of the Ministry is to formulate policies and strategies that would lead to sustainable conservation management of natural, cultural resources and environment, promote and diversify tourist attractions and increase sector contribution to national income and foreign exchange earnings. Strategies for Tourism Development Tanzania has developed an Integrated Tourism Master Plan, which outlines strategies and programs for the sector.
In concession, Globalisation, foreign direct investment (FDI), and trade can potentially bring social, economic, and business beneﬁts to emerging market countries through inﬂow of capital, knowledge, and increased employment. However, the speciﬁc conditions and mechanisms for this to happen are complex, not well understood, and may depend upon an individual country’s situation. There is a broad stream of research which argues on the one hand that FDI effects can be unpredictable, unintended, and counterproductive or even threatening. Therefore, above all Africa is not yet ready and equipped to attract the investments it