Do dreams have an evolutionary function? In this essay I will discuss Flanagan’s reasons for believing consciousness is an adaptation, I also will discuss why sleep is an adaptation and his stance on dreams being spandrels. And I will end with my opinion on why dreams may or may not be significant based on Flanagan’s theory and the treat simulation theory. I will also discuss the reasons why or why not dreams may have an evolutionary function. As well as Freud’s view on what a dreams function could be. Lastly I will discuss how dreams sooth the soul before death. Flanagan’s reason for believing that consciousness is an adaptation stems from various questions in his book he starts my saying “what functions does consciousness serve” (Flanagan, …show more content…
Flanagan says yes “sleep is an adaptation but dreams do not have a proper evolutionary functions, and are not adaptations.” (Flanagan pg. 113) According to Flanagan sleep is an adaptation that helps restore, conserve and build. He also says that sleep can resolve many issues like oxygenating our eyes. He explains that some animals are very vulnerable when they sleep and it is instinctual that they sleep in caves or burrows to keep them safe while they rest and regenerate and it is the same for humans we usually return home and when night comes we rest in our safe environment. He also says that sleep was naturally selected and maintained by selective pressure. (Flanagan …show more content…
Dream-production mechanism tends to simulate stressful and threatening situations. By already experiencing a threat in a dream, we are at an advantage to perceive and avoid with threats in real life. (Trippitt slide, 14) “Treats encountered in recurrent dreams would be particularly dangerous; most of the time the treat was sufficiently severe to jeopardize the subjects life or physical wellbeing” (Antonio Zadra, Sophie Desjardins, Eric Marcotte, 10) in the readings it says that six of eight predictions were reported by subjects to test the treat simulation theory. Each subject kept a journal of their dreams, most of the dreams found that there was an escape route to be found. I found that when I am unable to escape a situation in my dream I just wake up, for example when I had a dream I was kidnapped I couldn’t get out so the dream ended with me waking up, I never figured out how to free myself, which is why I could remember vividly how the room was set up, I could have been observing my surroundings trying to figure out how to escape. And that’s what the treat simulation theory does, it helps us prepare for the worst. Although I didn’t get to escape that dream, I woke up and was able to remember and while remembering the dream I wondered why I couldn’t
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One of the most complex aspects of being human relates to the state of consciousness. It offers perhaps the most varied of experiences, from the state in which people are in when they are not conscious to the representation of semi-consciousness to the full reality of the waken state. Cognitive neuroscience may be one of the most well-explored areas of human well-being, and yet there is still so much more to learn about the inner workings of arguably the most important organ in the body. Chapter 3 delves into the concept of consciousness and the two-track mind, in an attempt to explain everything from sleep issues to addiction to the hypnosis to the ways in which the brain processes just about everything. The brain is a highly complex organ that is responsible for everything from knowledge to personality and everything in between.
Everything in the terrestrial is linked to Dreaming. Persons and the spirits are linked to it The Dreaming is the central concept underpinning the human, physical and sacred sizes of Aboriginal belief; it has different meanings for Aboriginal people The Dreaming mentions Aboriginal mystical beliefs about creation and being According to Aboriginal belief, all life as it is today ‐ human, animal
Cousin always enjoyed his dreams, thought of them as movies in which he starred. The best part was their length and how vivid everything was. It seemed as if he had but one dream each night, and that lasted until he woke. The details of the dreams often remained with him throughout the day, and he would reflect on their possible meaning and significance. This dream seemed no more peculiar than any other did at first.
First, there is the reflection on dreams or diseases that “when it is disputed even whether this is real life or a dream…our periods of sleeping and waking are of equal length, and as in each period the soul contends that the beliefs of the moment are preeminently true” (158d). Whether awake or in a
BSC 1020 – Reflection Paper Unit G Evolution and its Processes This unit covers the theory of evolution, its mechanisms, the modern synthesis of genetics and evolution, and classification of species. The first chapter describes the history involved in Darwin’s theory of evolution. It talks about the evidence that supports evolution like the fossil record, biogeography (geographical distribution of species), comparative anatomy, comparative embryology and molecular biology. These collections of evidence help explain how species evolve from a common ancestor with gradual changes over time due to natural selection. Natural selection states that certain traits of an organism inside a population are better for adapting to the environment.
Carl Jung, the creator of the Jungian theory, proposes the ideology of a shadow, self, and ego. His theory examines the concept of the psyche of the consciousness varying through gender roles, and people (Gillespie, 53.) The theory also takes into deliberation the ideology of dreams. Carl Jung asserts this conception by stating “dreams are the natural reaction of the self-regulating psychic system "(Allen, 2020.) This proposition defines the conception of dreams being figments of a person’s consciousness.
How Dreams Affect Reality In the works of Chester Himes there is an underlying theme of dreaming. Throughout his various stories Himes uses dreams to function as a retreat for his characters. In his short story “The Meanest Cop in the World”, Himes is able to concoct an entire story that is descriptive and lifelike, which the readers just assume is real. However, when the curtain is pulled back at the end and Himes tells the readers that the entire thing is just a dream the readers are shocked.
Hughes uses rhetorical questions to reveal what he believes happens to a dream lost. In particular, Hughes questions “Does it fester like a sore- and then run?”(Hughes 3,4). A festering sore has to get a lot worse before it can get better. It has to grow and cause more pain and just sit there on your body until it pops. Your dream is that sore,
Besides the fact that dreams help with depression, dreams as well help cope with trauma or loss. When people suffer nightmares by PTSD, the nightmares are not to make an individual suffer, but instead, it is for them to heal. In the article, “What Does Science Know about Dreams?” by Kelly Bulkeley, he explains that dreams are to assist people to grasp their life when they suffer in some way and get nightmares by it. Specifically, if someone has been through a traumatic experience and constantly gets nightmares by it, the meaning behind the nightmare is for the person to heal; that is to cope with what happened. Dreams are meant to heal the mind and help people get through the hardships of life.
A client needed to work with the therapist to ‘decode’ the dreams and gain access on one’s “repressed” information about self. Carl Gustav Jung (1875- 1961) was a “Neo- Freudian”. Though he agreed with some parts of Freud’s work, he rejected and modified other portions. Jung disagreed with Freud’s idea that dreams contained hidden meanings that needed to be interpreted, i.e. he rejected the idea of a “manifest content”. Jung formulated a new theory on dreams.
What does it mean to dream? Well, I believe dreams will always remain a mystery of phenomenons that science will never be able to explain. However, we can interpret our dreams in many different aspects. Philosophers, such as Alan Watts, interpret dreams in an interesting way, such as it being an adventure (The Dream of Life). From this, I’d like to think of dreams as adventures for our minds; we’re subconsciously wandering to a new adventure every time we decide to rest our eyes.
As humans we live for our dreams and aspirations, yet we know so little about their biological purpose and function. The neural basis of dreaming is an enigma that many scientists have pondered over for centuries. From Plato and Aristotle’s theory of consciousness to Sigmund Freud’s hypothesis that dreaming is essentially a safety valve for our unconscious desires, numerous theories have made their way into the medical journals. Today, however, scientists tend to generally support one of these two surprisingly contrasting theories; activation synthesis and threat simulation. Activation Synthesis describes that (insert definition of activation synthesis).
And they can be emotionally intense, even though you might wake up totally calm” (Shamsian). Some people scream in their sleep and wake up crying which is evidence to how intense some people’s dreams are. Brains are extremely active when people are sleeping even if they don’t recognize it. People don’t think about what parts of the brain are being used and why they are being
The assumption that dreams serve as prophecies and divine messages have been rejected by many, yet research on possible reasons we dream still continues. A more recent perception of dreams is that they are fears or anxieties without any decipherable symbolism attached to them, but rather expressed images of real anxieties, for example, a woman that suspects that her husband is cheating on her and dreams about this. Thus, dreams are developed from our consciously perceived stressors, unlike Freud’s believe that dreams are enigmas with a hidden meaning formed by an unconscious wish. Also, this continued anxiety may be attached to cultural pressures, restrictions, and expectations. Three studies, conducted by Calvin Kai-Ching, Michael Schredl,