In 1861 and 1865, the United States engaged in a war known as the Civil War. After Abraham Lincoln become president in 1860, the country was divided, between the North and the South. President Lincoln wanted to end slavery, while the southern states did not want slavery to end. At the end of 1860 to the early months of 1861, eleven southern states seceded from the Union, meaning the states were no longer apart of the United States of America. Southern states include South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. The states that seceded became a new country, the Confederate States of America. States that did not secede from the United States of America were called the Union. For the next four years, many soldiers lost their lives. …show more content…
President Lincoln refused to give up Fort Sumter. Between January to April of 1861, the Union and Confederate guarded Fort Sumter. Early in the morning of April 12, 1861, Confederate guns around the harbor opened fire on Fort Sumter. The Union would not recapture Fort Sumter for nearly four years. The Confederate victory of Fort Sumter was the beginning of the Civil War.
In the beginning of the war, 1861-1863, the Confederates were winning most of the battles. The Confederacy of the United States had advantages of military strategic plans and the majority of the battles took place in the south. The first battle occured on July 21st, 1861 known as the First Battle of Bull Run. As the Confederate were winning, there was a major loss at the Battle of Antietam, known as the bloodiest day in the United States of America. Soon after this battle, Confederates invaded Pennsylvania leading into the Battle of Gettysburg. A turning point of the war was the Battle Of
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Though the Civil War began when Confederate troops shelled Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, the war didn’t begin in earnest until the Battle of Bull Run, fought in Virginia just miles from Washington DC, on July 21, 1861. Popular fervor led President Lincoln to push a cautious Brigadier General Irvin McDowell, commander of the Union army in Northern Virginia, to attack the Confederate forces commanded by Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard, which held a relatively strong position along Bull Run, just northeast of Manassas Junction. The goal was to make quick work of the bulk of the Confederate army, open the way to Richmond, the Confederate capital, and end the war. The morning of July 21st dawned on two generals planning to outflank their opponent’s
He resigned from his anomalous position and returned to his beloved Virginia. On 25 April 1861, he was promptly made commander of the Virginian army. The Us Civil War had broken out on 12 April 1861 with the shelling of Fort Sumter in South Carolina.
The Battle of Fort Sumter started on April 12, 1891 in Charleston, South Carolina. Fort Sumter was a military site in Charleston Harbor and was part of the Confederate territory. Before the war started, people in the South didn’t vote for Lincoln and many slaves hated him because of his view on them. Lincoln said during a speech to the public that he would not let the nation become two countries.
The Battle of Fort Wagner of 1863 The Civil War was triggered by the disagreement between the Southerners and the Northerners over the rights and roles of slaves. The majority of the Southerners believed slaves should have been used for the provision of free labor, while the majority of the Northerners believed that slavery was inhuman and immoral. The Confederate States of America was a Southern country formed by the Southern states’ leaders to break off from the United States. The president of the Confederacy was Jefferson Davis, former senator of Mississippi, while the president of the United States was Abraham Lincoln.
The Battle at Appomattox Courthouse was the last major battle and was one of the most important battles of the Civil War. It involved two well known generals at the time, Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant. Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant The Battle at Appomattox Courthouse was part of a larger series of battles called the Appomattox Campaign. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant on April 9, 1865. Both generals had a very positive reputation and were highly respected even before the Civil War.
On April 12, 1861, the Union Army fired upon our Confederate Army at Fort Sumter and started the Civil War . The attack on Fort Sumter started at 4:30 am and went until the morning of April 13,
The American Civil War began in April of 1861 and ended in May of 1865. Many Americans lost their lives over the span of four years during that war. Historians have considered the Battle of Gettysburg to be the major decisive battle of the war, but was it? A period of 43 days in 1863, fighting for complete control of the Mississippi River is what I believe to be the most decisive battle of the war.
The Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania On July 21, 1861 the first battle of the civil war is fought near Manassas, Virginia. It’s known as The Battle of Bull Run. The union army is under the command of General Irwin McDowell. The confederate army is under the command of General Pierre Gustav Toutant Beauregard.
April 12, 1861. Confederate forces fire upon, and capture fort Sumter. Hamilton once said the civil war was the soldier's war. "When the sword is once drawn, the passions of men observe no bounds of moderation. " The Civil war ultimately arose because of these "passions of men", and unfortunately, the everyday American, who rushed into the war with such zeal, was eventually
Battles played a huge role in the American Civil War. The Union and the Confederacy both looked at times as if they would win the war. Then, at a battle or key point, the momentum would change and the advantage would flip to the other side. In 1962, the Union appeared to be on top and the war was in their favor. However, with the appointment of Robert E. Lee to the command of the Confederate army along with a string of victories led by Stonewall Jackson, the Confederate side started to gain momentum and turn the tide in their favor.
In February 1861, a new government was on the horizon in the United States, known as the Confederate States of America. Composed of seven states from the South, this new government looked to separate from a union that they felt was tipping in power towards those who wanted to threaten the rights of the South, especially slavery. Similarly, in early 1775, colonists were preparing for revolution against a power that they felt oppressed their rights and wanted to take away their liberties. However, the Civil War was a not a complete representation of a second American Revolution. The Civil War was more than an unsatisfied party rebelling against a larger power, but a clash between two vastly different ways of life.
After, The Supreme Court’s confirmation on the legality of slavery in the territories convinced a lot of Southerners that the Northern was seeking the destruction of the “peculiar institution” that was sustained, which made the Southern, and Northern ties almost on its last straw. Then Lincoln’s election was the final straw, and made seven of the Southern states seceding from the United States. When the Civil War was over The Union won even though their armies weren’t as great as the South’s they managed a close victory possibly because of The Union’s sheer number of troops, but even though The Union won they lost a great leader, Abraham Lincoln who was assassinated by a Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes which turned the hearts of the people of the United States dearly, thus ending the American Civil War at a cost of 620,000 soldiers from both sides, plus a great leader Abraham
Secession- the act of pulling out of the union. By 1861 many southerners felt the need to secede. On December 20, 1860, South Carolina voted to secede. By February 1861 Florida, Mississippi, Alabama, Texas and Louisiana had voted to secede and formed the confederate state of America.
Uncompromising differences between the South (Confederacy) and the North (Union) created a civil war that lasted five years. During this war, Abraham Lincoln was president. His election led to the secession of many Southern states. After refusing to recognize the Confederacy as its own nation, the American Civil War commenced in 1861. The three main causes of the Civil War between the North and the South were industrial and agricultural economies, politics, and slavery.