Gottfried Semper was a major figure in the field of Interior designing. He was an architect and an art critic who contributed majorly to the study of interiors .He proposed his ideas and thoughts in his book, “Four elements of architecture”, in the year 1952 and it was a huge success. In his book, he developed the theory that origin of architecture could be dated back to the primitive era when human civilization was at its peak. As compared to the modern ideology that architecture consists of structures made from materials, his theory revolved around the four main elements of the primitive era that were essential to human life. They included enclosure, mound, hearth, and roof. Semper correlated these elements and claimed that basic architectural design of any building or structure is derived from these elements only. In the primitive era, when man began to settle down, he first created a bon fire around which he could sit and prepare meals which were an essential requirement for survival.Semper proposed that other three elements, roof, mound, and enclosure were created to enclose or cover up the fire that formed the very basis of architectural designs today. According to him, the other elements were just a means to defend the sacred fire that was considered to be the most essential element for survival of human life. His theory was instrumental in proposing the basic idea that social and symbolic values of a society are responsible
His value of understanding was greatly influential and allowed for the betterment of society because he was able to realize women’s contributions to society and truly speak to it in great light, hoping that others would understand just as he
Ethical theories are ways of telling right from wrong and include guidelines of how to live and act in an ethical way. For example when faced with a difficult situation in your life, you can use ethical theories to assist you in making the right decision. One key theory is consequentialism, which says that an individual’s correct moral response is related to the outcome/ consequence of the act and not its intentions/ motives. Early writers on this theory were Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill, a modern writer is Peter Singer. For example Brenda Grey has asked for the asthma specialist to visit her weekly, and to decide if this is necessary the professionals involved have to look at how it would affect her wellbeing.
The Architectural Fantasy by Hubert Robert is an oil painting created in 1802. For an architectural painting, is displays much emotion through the use of color, line, and light. The painting does not utilize a multitude of colors but still is able to provide an exciting scene. Although it does not appear to be that large in the gallery, the work would actually be prominent if it were a standalone piece. The artist’s use of perspective, light, and color give the overall composition a balanced look.
This theory “Sees interaction and meaning as central to society and assumes that meanings are
He called this “Organic Architecture”. He managed to create his own architectural language that was true to his beliefs in design. Along with his design ideology he published the essay “In the Cause of Architecture” that set guidelines and proportions that were the basis of his work. In his essay he lists a number of important points: “ 1. Simplicity is the quality that defines the value of any work of art “– 1.
He mentions certain socioeconomic principles of social integration: exchange, reciprocity, and redistribution. Exchange is based on an equal relation between anonymous people and is performed by the market as the institution. On the contrary, reciprocity is based on unequal relation between people who are related through such institutions as family or community. Redistribution can be performed by a state-like structure. While the first principle has only economic function, the latter two principles have different social and political functions too.
Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx both had interesting theories about societies. Durkheim and Marx found it important to understand society integration. Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx have played profound roles in the understanding of Sociological theory. Sociological theory can be used to explain many things including how society is held together. Emile Durkheim and Karl Marx had different ideas on what held society together but in ways their ideas were also similar.
He believed that individuals needed to be part of or integrated into a moral community and that if societies evolve too quickly, a situation in which he describes as anomie can occur, which is the breakdown of norms and values and the weakening of a community which results in disorder and
Tectonics is defined as the science or art of construction, both in relation to use and artistic design. It refers not just to the activity of making the materially requisite construction that answers certain needs but rather to the activity that raises this construction as an art form. It is concerned with the modeling of material to bring the material into presence - from the physical into the meta-physical world (Maulden, 1986). Since tectonics is primarily concerned with the making of architecture in a modern world, its value is seen as being a partial strategy for an architecture rooted in time and place therefore beginning to bring poetry in construction. Tectonics, however, has the capacity to create depth-ness of context resulting in the implicit story being told by the tectonic expression.
New designs have been adopted since the onset of architecture, and thus, with the concentration of a history of architecture, new phenomenon and innovations are realized that would help in further explanation and address of other necessities in the same sector. A concentration in the History of architecture and landscape architecture as a course incorporates more than one element of
'We want to create the purely organic building, boldly emanating its inner laws, free of untruths or ornamentation. ' Walter Gropius Modernism design came in many forms from door handles to influential architectural feats. The Machine age made artists think differently and influence design today. In the following essay, I will analysis the work of Walter Gropius, an early modern German architect and how his designs had an impact on an improving society and his moral ideas. I will also discuss whether Modernist ideas and principles may still be relevant to contemporary design through the work of Gropius.