Research Question: Since the beginning of time, parental figures have read fairy tales to their young children as the typical “bed time story”. As technology progressed, these fairy tales turned into animated movies vigorously watched by young children across the globe. It is evident that the viewers of these movies are at a very young and easily influenced age; the ideologies they begin to build at this age will be the basis for the rest of their lives. The following research proposal addresses the question of what influence watching Disney princess movies have on young girls’ ideologies. Theory: The theory that will be used for this research project is the social comparison theory- a theory that centers on the belief that there is a drive …show more content…
Although the movies are produced in North America- specifically the United States- the Disney movies have a great international presence. Thus, the Disney princess line and its gender role portrayals have important implications for international children’s media as well (Hubka, 2009). Gender roles- how gender is portrayed via assumed behaviors and social roles- can be stereotypical, neutral, or counter-stereotypical to gender roles (Durkin, 1985). The characters of interest include traditionally masculine (e.g. athletic, brave) and traditionally female (e.g. helpful, nurturing) characteristics exhibited by the prince and princess characters through their behaviors and actions (England, 2011; Descartes, 2011; Collier-Meek, 2011). In addition, these films portray the idea of the princess continuously acting as the “damsel in distress” that is in need of rescue. The constructivist approach and cultivation theory suggest that the gender role portrayals present in the films may influence children’s beliefs and ideas about gender, social behaviors and norms (Gerbner, 2009; Graves, 1999; Martin, …show more content…
The mindset that a person can never be "too rich or too thin" is all too prevalent in society, and it makes it difficult for females to achieve any level of contentment with their physical appearance (Serdar, n.d.). The level of persuasiveness the media has can be overwhelming for women in particular who are constantly hit with images to compare and evaluate themselves to (Achtenberg, 2006). Recent literature suggests that girls as young as 6 years old experience body dissatisfaction, as evidenced by a preference for an ideal figure that is thinner than their perceived current body size (Ambrosi-Randic, 2000; Davison, Markey & Birch, 2003; Dittmar, Halliwell & Ive, 2006; Dohnt & Tiggemann, 2004, 2005, 2006a; Lowes & Tiggemann, 2003). It is evident that the experiences have a profound effect on how we grow up, making them a critical factor in our development. Often, the self-esteem we develop by the age of five-years-old is what carries us through for the rest of our lives. Thus, my hypothesis states that watching Disney princess films have both a damaging and manipulative effect on the ideologies of the young girls that watch them. Young girls that are inspired to have this "Disney princess effect" are not growing up to be self-satisfied, independent women that are motivated to take charge of their lives
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Rhetorical Analysis Cinderella, Snow White, Sleeping Beauty and many other Disney movies all have one thing in common, they feature a female lead who need a male figure to save them. However, things started to change after the release of Mulan 1988. It changed from only having those female leads who always needed to rely on someone, to females who were able to show off their more masculine side. In the article “Post-Princess Models of Gender: The New Man in Pixar/Disney,” Ken Gillam and Shannon R. Wooden explored the idea that Pixar movies were starting to show male characters who weren 't afraid to show their emotions and feminine attributes, to promote the “New Man” model.
Nelson Mandela once said, “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world”. From a young age we have a strong desire to gain access to and pick up on new information. As we mature, different ideas are constantly being thrown at us, which forces us to reevaluate what we have been manufactured to believe. Although the idea is disheartening, we find that our innocence we have as children may have been used against us in a way that counterbalances all the concepts we were taught. From there on out we begin to acknowledge that there are other theories in the world that we were not considering before simply because we were not introduced to them.
However, the later Disney films have gradually attempted to break away from this stereotype resulting in stronger female characters like Ariel, Mulan, and Elsa among others. Keeping this transition in mind, this paper uses semiotic analysis of four popular Disney films, namely, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), The Little Mermaid (1989) and Mulan (1998) to depict the influence of societies ' changing perceptions of women on the portrayal of Disney princesses. These films taking into account the earliest film and certain popular characters that have represented a shift from being the coy damsel in distress to a woman who plays an active role in determining her own destiny. The portrayal of the Disney princess has changed in accordance with the development of women in society over time (1937 to 2013) from demure and traditional to
Since the study is intended to analyze and classify gender biased characteristics in Disney’s films over time and their influences on children’s cognitive development, my project will address possible changes in those influences as well. Moreover, my project will discuss that what would be the gender role stereotypes portrayed in the film Mirror Mirror and their similarities and dissimilarities from Disney’s
The movie “The Princess and the Frog” is not your typical “boy saves girl” movie. Instead, this Disney movie presents us with a strong female lead who doesn’t need a man to achieve her goals. In many previous Disney movies, it is demonstrated that a girl needs a man in order to get her happily ever after. Without a prince, she is nothing. In “The Princess and the Frog” the gender roles are presented to us as equal, even reverse at times.
People of all ages throughout the years are very familiar with the concept of Disney movies. Some notable classics of Disney are “Beauty and the Beast” which was released in 1991 and “The Little Mermaid” which was released in 1989. Among the children, the Disney princesses left a good impression on them like Cinderella from “Cinderella”, Pocahontas from “Pocahontas”, and Mulan from “Mulan”. However, many believe that Disney movies serve as a good influence to young audiences but people should know that Disney also has its flaws. Disney have showed negative portrayals of Disney princesses in their films especially when it comes to their usual unattainable beauty ideal and portraying their princesses as inferior to men.
In other words, females are expected to mannered, weak, and homemakers such as a Disney princess, at the same time the typical men are figured to be powerful, rude, governing and willing to rescue the princess in need anytime. What is more, these are not the only stereotypes which has been embedded into the young generation. Disney holding on a stable "women banking on men to achieve happy ending" theme. When we have a closer look at Disney movies such as "Cinderella", "Snow White" and "Aladdin", Disney 's princess portray is feeble and desperately in need of intelligent, strong savior. When young girls watch these movies, they are modelling Disney princesses on their
Amanda Putnam’s essay, “Mean Ladies: Transgendered Villains in Disney Films”, is a compelling piece on gender portrayal and views in Disney films. Putnam opened the essay with a personal anecdote about her daughter. Her daughter wanted a Disney movie without a “mean lady”, as in most Disney films the villains are scary, evil women. The real life evidence strengthened her claim that children are noticing the characterization of female villains in Disney films. The antidote was brought fill circle when she referred back to her daughter in the final paragraphs of her essay.
This article is about an analyzation of how all the Disney Princesses demonstrate some type of stereotypical representation on gender. This study was made by a group of professors such as Professor England from the department of Family and Human Development at Arizona State University, Professor Descartes from the Division of Sociology and Family Studies at Brescia University of college, and Professor Collier-Meek from the Department of Educational Psychology. Their study proves that Disney Princesses do have an impact on how girls behave by including another study by Oliver and Green. It was discovered that animations made for children tend to target a specific gender and that children are aware of the stereotypical gender behavior presented.
By incorporating the summaries of the three movies, Stephens is able to support her argument that Disney princesses reflect society and the way it depicts women. Stephens is able to show examples throughout each movie to provide evidence about the different princesses changing the standard of princesses and women. By providing the fact that four Disney heroines have not been Caucasian, she is able to conclude that that evidence sends a message of cultural progression when characterizing Disney princesses. All of Stephen’s results are backed by scholarly research, which builds her credibility. Stephen comparing the new generation of princesses to the older generations gives evidence that the new Disney princesses are representing and changing
Princesses’ in Disney movies are tied down to a recurring theme: the princess that must be saved from the evil woman by the charming prince. A significant contrast to the usually weak and easily persuaded figure of the father. Even though the women are portrayed as weak, nobody stops to think how strong they have to be to carry the responsibility of an entire household on her shoulder, while the men always seem to be traveling or ill. Fairytales are based on a patriarchal way of thinking and as time passes by, it’s proven to be detrimental to society Women and men are constantly being bound to a series of stereotypes.
The Little Mermaid which was produced in 1989, was the first Disney movie to challenge the traditional gender roles, for the fact that Ariel wanted to explore, and was more independent and assertive in her desires than the earlier princesses of the 1930’s and 50s films. Also the prince in The Little Mermaid went against traditional gender roles as well, simply because he was more affectionate and loving than his prince counterparts in other Disney films. “Both the male and female roles have changed over time, but overall the male characters evinced less change then the female characters and were more androgynous throughout.” (Descartes & England, pg.566). Disney movies have been for a long time a strong media target for children, and can serve as a way to address stereotypical gender roles (Leaper, 2000).
This article analyzes Disney animation of heroines in The Little Mermaid, Aladdin, Beauty and the Beast, Pocahontas, and The Hunchback of Notre Dame. It discusses how Disney is starting to construct female characteristics by sexuality and evident exoticness especially for the women of color. The author analyzes how mature each character is from one another from physical features to costuming. According to the article, each of the characters is portrayed as strong-willed and independent. The films have been providing more realistic portrayals for young women.
Gender roles have been noticeable in Disney films especially the Disney Princess series. Women are typically portrayed as a princess, homemaker, or queen while men are portrayed as strong, dominant and authority characters. The portrayal of the prince or knights in the movies usually highlighted with the strong and powerful characteristic, whereas the Disney princesses are weak, vulnerable and being protected. According to Tiffany, gender stereotypes and behaviours illustrations are very common in Disney culture and their depictions have become sophisticated over the years especially those of female characters.
3.3 Aladdin “Aladdin“ is a relatively old Disney movie, released 1992, which won several Academy Awards and broke grossing records of its days. The animated feature is about a street-urchin called Aladdin, who falls in love with the princess Jasmine as she escapes the palace and meets him at the marketplace. However, the evil vizier Jafar finds out Aladdin is the “diamond in the rough“, the only one that can get into the cave, where the miracle lamp is, that he so desperately wants. So Aladdin is arrested and tricked into getting the lamp for Jafar, but eventually catches it himself.