"When the well is dry, we learn the worth of water", Benjamin Franklin. Water; the most fundamental building block for a thriving ecosystem. Providing ample amounts of freshwater has been a major issue in human history, tracing back to the ancient civilizations. Despite being around for hundreds of centuries, even today 1 out of 6 people do not have access to water, and more than double that lack basic sanitation. The distribution of fresh water has always been a problem, and now as the world faces a growth by up to 1 billion by 2030, the issue is strained to continue to supply not only safe drinking and bathing water, but also enough to support farming and industrial practices.
Groundwater is the water present beneath Earth 's surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations. A unit of rock or an unconsolidated deposit is called an aquifer when it can yield a usable quantity of water. Groundwater, which is in aquifers below the surface of the Earth, is one of the Nation 's most important natural resources. Groundwater is the source of about 33 percent of the water that country and city water departments supply to households and businesses . It provides drinking water for more than 90 percent of the rural population who do not get their water delivered to them from a county/city water department or private water company.
Water Desalination Everyone in this planet needs to be able to access water in order to live. 71% of the earth is covered by water, so accessing water from anywhere must be easy. However not all of the water on earth is freshwater. Only 3% of the world’s water is freshwater and ⅔ of the freshwater is tucked in glaciers. Everyone requires freshwater in order to live, as a result about 1.1 million people in this world lack access to freshwater.
Secondary Research: In secondary research, we will study about the packaged drinking water industry in India, who are the major players what are the basic and common reasons for which people drink packaged drinking water what are the alternatives. Water all over, not a CLEAN drop to drink! Who might have suspected that there will be a day when sanitation of accessible water would be a worry than accessibility of water itself? Cleanliness is of extraordinary worry to everybody today, and this is clear with the surging ascent in the utilization of bundled/filtered water. India has 16 percent of the total populace, 2.5 percent of the land mass and 4 percent of the world's water assets.
Moreover it’s not hard to find proofs of the impact of cleaning supplies to natural environment, it is enough to go to holidays to a lake. Most of the lakes are muddy, full of plants and with minimal amount of the fishes. It is a proof of negative impact cleaning products everyone have probably seen. But it is important to remember that everyday millions of square meters are cleaned and it requires with it usage of the cleaning products. Only in the United States of America every year commercial and institutional buildings consume 6.2 billion pounds of chemicals, 4.5 billion pounds of sanitary paper (about 30 million trees), and 1 billion pounds of janitorial equipment.
Processing of findings The Importance of Water: Water is life and ultimately it is essential to life. For millions of years life on earth has been dependant on water for survival. 70% of the earth’s surface is covered with water but of this, approximately 97% is salt water, with the remaining 3% being fresh water (Water wise, 2016) Of this 3%, less than 1% is available for life on earth to both drink and use in our households, whilst the rest is in the form of ice at the poles and thus one can see the need for water on our Earth as only 1% can be used for life on Earth. The amount of water on earth is similar to energy it is constant kit cannot decrease or increase or be created, however, water can be destroyed through pollution and not caring for it properly, but it is unevenly distributed across the earth. South Africa receives an annual rainfall of 497 mm whereas the rest of the earth receives 860 mm.
Someone can obtain their daily recommended amount through the food they eat, drinks containing water, or straight water: tap or bottled. However, the question lies, what characterizes “safe” bottled water? There are hundreds to thousands of bottled water companies around the world which meet the standard of safe bottled water, however, Dasani bottled water, owned by Coca-Cola, does not. Bottled water should be filtered/purified, should not contain salt, should not contain harmful ingredients, and should only have one ingredient: water.
Golden Rice Essay With the introduction of GMO’s, scientists around the world have been making different varieties of GMO’s to solve world wide problems. The Golden Rice was developed to solve VAD (Vitamin A Deficiency) in areas that have limited access to products with Vitamin A. Golden Rice was made in 1999 by two scientists, Ingo Potrykus and Peter Beyer and they haven’t received authorization. Over 250 million people have VAD and even with supplementation programs, the problem is still active. Few million people die or go blind every year due to VAD because the immune system and human eyes require Vitamin A.
Water has no replacement. All these qualities of water therefore gives rise to high demand of potable water for daily consumption. Igbeneghu and Lamikanra (2014) stated that apart from consumption, water is used for industrial activities (which include food processing, brewing and beverage bottling), domestic activities (such as washing, bathing and cooking), and also recreational activities. There is therefore a need for potable water to be readily available and reliable in all human homes and communities so that these activities can be carried out and in areas where is not readily available efforts are put in place to ensure its availability. Lamentably, when water sources are available it is not always safe for consumption and treatment processes to make it potable have to take place.
DUET Karachi Date: 18-10-2016 Purpose and Introduction: Water is the most essential and most important thing in the earth. Every human being and every living organism need water. 80% of human body’s made by water. Water is crucial element of our food and materials. 75% of earth’s surface is covered with water, and only 3% is clean water and only 1% of the water is available for human consumption.