What Caused the Great Depression? The Great Depression was a devastating tragedy that changed our economy. In the U.S, the Great Depression shortly happened after the stock market crash in 1929. This sent Wall Street into a great panic and wiped out millions of investors. Over the years, consumer spending and investments decreased. This caused declines in industrial output and raised unemployment as failing companies laid off workers. By 1933, 13 to 15 million Americans were unemployed and half the country’s banks had failed. However, the economy did not fully turn around until after 1939 during World War II. The three main causes of the Great Depression were the stock market crash, overs spending, and the overproduction of goods. In 1929, …show more content…
For example, In Document five it states that in 1929, a collapse of the American Prosperity happen. Which means people was putting a lot of their money into securities hoping to the make the stocks rise. People began gambling which made a lot of them go into debt (Harry J. Carman and Harold C. Syrett, A History of the American People, 1952). Also a lot of people were speculating, meaning investors was putting money towards stocks hoping to gain, but risking a loss. By 1931, six million Americans could not find work. Industrial production dropped by half, breadlines, soup kitchens, and the homeless shelters became popular in America’s town and cities. In Document six, it explains how consumers have to reduce purchases and cut back on spending habits and how farmers struggled not being able to afford to harvest their crops( William E. Leuchtenburg, The Perils of Prosperity, 1914-1932, 1958). Also in Document seven, and eight it states that, people and families have to stretch and makes ends meet on what they have and also finding a way to make things cheaper (Paul Blanshard, “How to Live on Forty-six Cents a Day,” The Nation, 1929/ Fortune, February …show more content…
The overproduction of goods is caused by products not being brought, businesses not cutting back on making products, businesses laid off workers, and unemployment. For example, if someone is unemployed than he or she cannot buy products that were being produced. If nothing is being brought than businesses had to lay off workers. Since people were getting laid off family income was getting lower and lower. According to Document one, banks panics began when investors demanded their deposits in cash (AmeriTrust Co. Cleveland). This swept throughout the U.S and by early 1933 thousands of banks closed. In Document ten and eleven Americans were getting caught up with financial problems and could not manage it all and they only brought what they could afford only (Elmer Davis, “If Hoover Fails,” Harpers Monthly, March
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Nathanaelle pierre-Louis United States history Period: 3 The Great Depression All through the 1920's, new enterprises and new techniques for generation prompted thriving in America. America could utilize its extraordinary supply of crude materials to deliver steel, synthetic compounds, glass, and apparatus that turned into the establishment of a gigantic blast in buyer merchandise (Samuelson, 2). Numerous US nationals contributed on money markets, estimating to make a fast benefit. This awesome thriving finished in October 1929.
The U.S. stock market was doing exceptionally well during the early 20th century. Stock prices were high and Americans were making good money off of it. The stock market reached its all time high, when prices were beyond their actual value. As a result, the unemployment rate increased which lowered production for products. Eventually, because of that action, the stock prices began to fall, causing the stock market to plummet down, affecting everyone that had invested their money in stocks.
Three of the main causes to The Great Depression involved the crash of the stock market, job loss and buying on credit. To begin with, the crash of the stock market was the starting factor that let to the downfall of many lives. The stock market was flourishing with investors but reduced economy by 60% over all (Document 1). Around 4 million Americans including many banks had invested large amounts of money in stocks hoping to earn gains (Document 3).
Since the money was tied to gold reserve, and the amount of this metal was limited, there occurred a shortage of money, and hence the shortage of effective demand for goods and services. Further, in the chain reaction: a sharp drop in prices for goods (deflation), bankruptcy of enterprises, unemployment, protective duties on imported goods, fall of consumer demand, and a sharp drop in living standards. before the beginning of the Great Depression the rate of the U.S. gold reserve growth was slower than the development of economy. This led to the emergence of hidden inflation, as the government printed new money for the rapid growth of the economy. Thus, as Edsforth states the dollar’s gold supply was undermined, the budget deficit grew, and the Federal Reserve System lowered the discount rate.
Has someone ever talk to you about the Great Depression if not am here to explain how it all started. It all started on morning day in the early 1930 when soon people looked worried about their jobs because factories were going to unemployment workers. Which was not a great thing for the the people or the factories because if the workers were unemployment they would not have money to the buy the products from the stores. So at the end the great depression had a major impact on the United states. The reason was because many men had to have at least two different jobs in order for them to bring food for his family.
What Caused the Great Depression? BOOOM goes the stock market sending America into a frenzy that would take long to recover from. This was the worse they have ever seen. The Panic of 1893 was nothing compared to what the US had in store for them in the 30’s.
There were many factors that led to the United States to go into the great depression. For example, the main one was the crash of the stock market. After the stock market crashed. Many banks had to close, and many people that had their moneys in the bank, lost it all. Also the amount of loans and debts that were created do to world
On October 29th 1929, the United States of America fell into an all consuming state of fear. The crash of the stock market and the economic tribulations that rural United Statians were facing resulted in the Great Depression. No matter where one would he or she would encounter a plague of despair and people looking for the same jobs that no longer existed. People left their homes hungry for opportunities but would end up with starving for not only a small sum or money but a morsel of food as well.
There were many factors that led up to the depression. First of all, banks were making loans that were never paid back. When the businesses that loans were made to ran short on money, similarly, the banks did too. Banks across America went bankrupt, causing them to close. Every account in the banks that closed was abandoned.
There began to be a gradual decline in prices and the stock market ruptured. On October 24, 1929, the infamous “Black Thursday” took place, where stock holders went on a panic selling spree. Things then went from bad to worse, stock prices went down 33 percent. People stopped purchasing goods and business investments decreased after the crash. In the fall of 1930, the first of four major waves
The Great Depression was caused by a series of weaknesses in the economy. It began with the dramatic crash of the stock market on “Black Thursday” on October 24, 1929 when 16 million shares of stock were quickly sold by panicking investors who had lost faith in the American economy. Income was unevenly distributed among people. Americans spent more than they actually earned from their jobs.
America had experienced other depressions or “panics,” but none were like the Great Depression. The Great Depression began on October 29, 1929, Black Tuesday, with the stock market crashing. Most people believe that the cause of the Great Depression was the stock market crashing. Although that is what triggered the Great Depression there were many underlying causes that lead up to the stock market crashing. Some of the underlying causes include under-consumption/over-production, uneven distribution of wealth, loose banking and corporate regulations, tariffs policies, and the stock market.
The confidence of Wall Street was destroyed in there Street markets to where it led the Great Depression. It also crashed when Herbert Hoover was the president during that time. Then, he created the “Hoover bull market” and it went high in there savings in there securities and profits. Billions of dollars were getting drawn from their banks to Wall Street for what was happening to their downfall of money. It was on that day were the real panic of the Great Depression was about to happen.
The biggest cause of the Great Depression was the stock market crash in October or 1929. After the crash, consumer spending dropped significantly. This led to a decrease in output, which resulted in factories needing less workers. This was caused by the people losing faith in the stock market and caused a drop in investment and spending. Without demand for products, factories and companies were not making nearly enough money to sustain all of their current workers, so many people were laid off.
Nishat kazi (Muniya) 11th grade The Great Depression was one of the worst downturn of economy in the history that took place during the 1930s. It had a catastrophic effect in countries on both rich and poor. Though there are a lot of causes behind the Great Depression,the main three causes were-1.Bank failure 2.Stock market crash 3.laissez faire.