The Great Migration and/in the Congregation The Great Migration was the migration occurred within the United States between 1910 and 1970 which saw the displacement of about seven million African Americans from the southern states to those in the North, Midwest and West. The reasons that led thousands of African Americans to leave the southern states and move to the northern industrial cities were both economic and social, related to racism, job opportunities in the industrial cities and the search of better lives, the attempts to escape racism and the Jim Crow Laws that took them away the right to vote. As every social phenomena, the Great Migration had both positive and negative effects; in my opinion the Great Migration can be considered a negative development in the short and medium term, but, if we analyze the benefits brought to the African-American communities in the long term, their fight for integration has shaped the history of the United States in its progress to democracy and civil rights. The movement towards the North gave many economic opportunities to migrants. From working in farms, they started working in factories.
Many African Americans moved to the cities in order to avoid segregation, the KKK and new jobs, they lived in ghettos alongside immigrants, ghettos in New York were originally high end apartment blocks which weren’t filled in time, by the time of the 1920 's most white folk had moved out of these areas leaving only its current residents. During and after the war African Americans dominated the industries however, earned the lowest wages with black women earning the least, black farmers also received small plots of land for farming and as the farming industry depleted, black farmers experienced the severity of
“From 1821 to 1840, the number of immigrants was 742,564. In the following ten years, the number more than doubled to 1,713,251. In the first half of the 19th century, several factors in Europe contributed to mass immigration to the United States” (“A History”, n.d.). As the United States had grown in many ways such as economically and socially, the demand for workers had increased abundantly. The industrialization, potato famine, and the gold rush had caused many more immigrants to come to the United States either for money or a better chance at
Slave trade period was well-known for forced taking away of African people from Africa in the South of America and Caribbean; humans were pushed into terrible terms of condition and existence. In this essay I would distinguish motivations to migrate of black Americans, means and consequences of the Great Migration, black migrants in the press and how did they were described and the cultural diversity after relocation, that are stated in the article. As a result of finish of the slavery in 1865, black Americans did what they have never done before: just stopped the protests and put down hoes, beginning moving from their places of work, where they spent almost the whole lives (Mathieu, S.-J., 2009). The article states that they were using migration as one of the first and most thrilling steps to the right of self-government and movement as a politicized reaction to their area 's social and economic level of life. At the same time, African Americans migrants used movement as a symbol of their liberty, as an
The New Negro and the rise of Harlem came about at a time when African-Americans began to urbanize and form a unique urban culture. These African-Americans defined themselves on their own terms, were proud to be both of African descent and American citizens, and were not afraid to push back against racism. After WWI more than one million African-Americans moved from the South to Northern cities beginning in 1915 in what became known as the Great Migration. There were several push and pull factors that contributed to the Great Migration. Blacks sought to escape poverty, Jim Crow, and racism as a new KKK formed.
So that they will have equal rights as the whites in front of the laws on court, and end the Jim Crow laws. Although this didn’t all happen at once, but it was starting to progress. The Great Migration happened through world war one, a lot of blacks moved to the northern part, since there are more jobs available. However they still worked with the same jobs they got in the south, since they are not well educated or skilled. More and more poor blacks gathered together in the north, and the communities they lived in has a high crime rate.
America had iron, coal, oil and an enormous amount of grain to feed the growing population. The population from 1870 to 1900s grew from 40 million to 76 million and about a third of that number was the cause of immigration which took America to a higher level once again. “Around two-thirds of the inflow consisted of “newer” nationalities and ethnic groups — Russian Jews, Poles, Slavic peoples, Greeks, southern Italians” (Hamby 208). From an agrarian rural nation, America turned into an industrial and urban nation. Immigrants were flowing in and “An additional 8.8 million more arrived during the peak years of immigration, 1901-1910” (Newman, Schmalbach 359).
Most slaves were on small farms and there was a form of sawbuck equality as they worked hand in hand with the whites. Blacks even fought as soldiers in the Yamasee war and defended the southern colonies. The beginning of the 1700s brought on a new desire to export staple crops from the southern region which caused an unprecedented upswing in the importation of the African slaves. Small farms were transformed into large plantations full of swamps and malaria. The vast majority of Africans in the American south became physically and psychologically separated from the European Americans unlike in the north where they were much closer.
While we know a lot about the Underground Railroad and the Civil Rights Movement, we know very little about what happens in between these crucial landmarks for the black population in the U.S.; this is what initially sparked my interest. The Great Migration played an important role in shaping American society and it answers many unsolved questions as to how the major cities across the United States gained their black populations. Each of the stories entertained and constantly grasped my attention through its easy reading and understanding of the hardships Ida Mae, George, and Robert faced both in the South as well as in the North. Additionally, Wilkerson gave intriguing insight as to how the lives of famous blacks were affected by the migration, such as Jesse Owens and Spike Lee. One weakness that stood out upon reading the novel was how it jumped around between the stories of Ida Mae, George, Robert, the historical background, and other information Wilkerson was trying to give to her audience.
At first we know white people tried to keep African Americans distance far from their homes but as more and more African American people came the white people fled the harlem area. This resulted in the flooding of African American people coming from all over the place .The Great Migration; the movement of African Americans from the countryside South U.S. to the Big cities up North of the U.S. . The lack of economic and racial opportunity in the south drove African Americans out and into the North where there were more freedom and industrial jobs (History.com Staff,). In this time period African Americans began to make harlem a community they could call home,often facing