During the 1920s, large numbers of Americans left the rural South for opportunities offered in the more industrial North. Between 1920 and 1930, huge numbers of African Americans moved from the South to the North in search of jobs and personal freedom. During the decade, about 1.5 million, mostly unskilled rural laborers, arrived in areas that offered a greater variety of wage work. Many settled in New York City’s Harlem, Detroit, and Chicago during the first wave of migration. In 1910 W.E.B. Du Bois and other intellectuals had founded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), which helped African Americans gain a national voice that would grow in importance with the passing years.
The Great Migration and/in the Congregation The Great Migration was the migration occurred within the United States between 1910 and 1970 which saw the displacement of about seven million African Americans from the southern states to those in the North, Midwest and West. The reasons that led thousands of African Americans to leave the southern states and move to the northern industrial cities were both economic and social, related to racism, job opportunities in the industrial cities and the search of better lives, the attempts to escape racism and the Jim Crow Laws that took them away the right to vote. As every social phenomena, the Great Migration had both positive and negative effects; in my opinion the Great Migration can be considered a negative development in the short and medium term, but, if we analyze the benefits brought to the African-American communities in the long term, their fight for integration has shaped the history of the United States in its progress to democracy and civil rights.
African Americans face a struggle with racism which has been present in our country before the Civil War began in 1861. America still faces racism today however, around the 1920’s the daily life of an African American slowly began to improve. Thus, this time period was known by many, as the “Negro Fad” (O’Neill). The quality of life and freedom of African Americans that lived in the United States was constantly evolving and never completely considered ‘equal’. From being enslaved, to fighting for their freedom, African Americans were greatly changing the status quo and beginning to make their mark in the United States.
In modern day history, Executive Order 8802 granted The United States’ a first black president, Barack Obama. As a country, The United States has experienced many hardships and accomplishments, but it is what makes America a strong country. FDR took a grand leap in issuing Executive Order 8802 ,as it changed the lives’ of many who had been stripped of their voice for years, and finally began to regain it with Executive Order
The Union was victorious in the American Civil War, this had altered the course of history for Americans in the residing in the North and South. The Reconstruction era had lasting effects throughout the two regions as it attempted to discuss the inequities of slavery in the South but also reunited the seceded states. Within the historical timeline, between 1865 through 1898, the differences in political, social, and economic legacies of the North and South is apparent. However, similarities are observed in the migration of oppressed groups during the development of the West. This was possible because of railroad expansion in the North and after the war, the railroad was rapidly expanding in the South and westbound.
The years between 1877 and 1900 were some of the most momentous and dynamic in American history. They set developments in motion that would shape the country for generations, starting with the reunification of the South and North, the integration of four million newly freed African Americans, westward expansion, immigration, industrialization, and urbanization. In addition, it was also a period of reform, in which many Americans sought to regulate corporations and shape the changes taking place all around them. Before the Civil War however, things were much different. Before the Civil War, the south was mainly agriculturally based and relied on slaves and plantations to make income.
362) These government measures gifted African Americans the rights and benefits of citizenship. However, planters resented these advancements and wished to regain their previous social and political dominance. When the First Reconstruction Act was passed in 1867, political activity among African Americans surged, with “approximately 735,000 black and 635,000 white voters” enrolled in the ten unreconstructed states, and black electoral majorities in five states, as reported by Faragher. (Out of Many, p. 372) After African Americans were granted the right to vote in February 1869 with the passing of the Fifteenth Amendment, “Congress required the four remaining unreconstructed states to ratify both the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments before readmission,” as stated by Faragher.
During the 1920s, there were many different races, religions, ethnicities, and backgrounds in America. The Progressive Era, which lasted from the 1890s until the 1920s, was a time when industrialization, urbanization, and immigration led to a flood of people coming into America.1 It brought a multitude of new challenges and presented new targets for the Klan. There was much happening at this time regarding basic civil rights. African Americans were free of slavery, but they were not free in many other aspects. Jim Crow Laws were in full effect, segregating their entire lives.
The revolution had amazing effects on slavery, and thousands of slaves won their freedom by serving on both sides of the War of Independence. As a result of the Revolution, a surprising number of slaves were liberated, while thousands of other slaves ran away to be freed. Many slaves in the south ran away and were able to achieve
Though 1800 and 1860 the African American population moved throughout the country to new established lands in the south and southwest areas for a few major factors. The change in the countries cash crop drove the slave market to new areas of the country. The crops effected the economy within the Chesapeake area so a new source of revenue was established. The new revenue came about with the need of slaves to work the new areas so the domestic slave trade was born. The slave trade contributed to about 1 million slaves being migrated around the
Foster gathered the other black team owners and formed the Negro-National League in 1920. Foster’s league offered African-Americans new jobs, high wages, and independence (Raceball, 31). However, Foster’s reign as king of black baseball was short-lived with Foster’s commitment to an insane asylum in 1926 (Raceball, 33). However, a new force led by Gus Greenlee was brewing in
African Americans in Pensacola were faced with a wave of white supremacy as the beginning of the 20th century approached. The article “Belmont Delivviers: Reflection in Segregation History” produces a great deal of information relating to the development of Pensacola during this era. While reading this article, you see the author attempt to show how segregation has benefited the town of Pensacola. African American shop owners began to grow in numbers due to the support developed by the black shoppers of these segregated districts. Unlike Calvin’s article, the information here relates to a time after the antebellum south of the 19th century and into the early 20th century.
The Reconstruction of the Civil War made a big impact on the United States. Without the Reconstruction era there would still be slaves, segregation and involuntary servitude. The South was the main part of the United States to have those issues. African Americans were affected in a good and bad way. Many African Americans got right they didn’t have before the Civil War.
This essay discusses black people in the 1900s and their thoughts on The Great Migration. Slaves had just been emancipated, however 64 years later the struggle for survival didn’t get any easier for them. Blacks in the south was drowning, and barely maintaining. Blacks in the north however, were doing more decent then people in the south. It was easier for northerner to get a job and afford education, southerners on the other hand could not, and in fact they work more in fight to live than survive.
Racial Disparities Michelle Alexander, author of The New Jim Crow, points out that segregation transitioned from having to break through racial barriers to punitive laws designed to control African American communities. During the civil rights movement the unemployment rates increased among the African American population, which was the same time the population of young fifteen to twenty four year old age group spiked, results from the “baby boom” generation. (Michelle Alexander, 2010: 47) This was the reporting age group that caused crime in America according to the Federal Bureau of Investigation. (Michelle Alexander, 2010)