He would be happy, and he wouldn’t have to be alone. The reason for the creature’s maliciousness is because of his miserableness. If the creature had a companion, he would have no reason to cause destruction of humanity, as he promises, because he would have someone like him in the world. More importantly, he would have someone to relate to. Someone who looked just like him wouldn’t reject him because they would be able to understand each other, and they could both live happily.
He also says that humans practice virtues because embracing them are what it means to be happy. According to Aristotle, moral virtue is what defines a leader. Without a leader, society ceases to exist, which means that the leader is truly the whole society. If you do not have a leader you are living a Barbarian life. Aristotle and Machiavelli do agree on the stratification of society, with the ruler being on top and the subjects below
All humans should be more altruistic than egoistic, because altruism allows people to be compassionate and to serve those in need. While egoism motivates people to have high expectations, and make people want to be successful. Both altruism and egoism play significant roles in our lives, but having too much of either altruism or egoism leads to the loss of humanity. Ayn Rand is inhumane, because she is an egoist therefore she doesn’t care about those in need, instead she only cares about her expectations and her success. Altruism makes people compassionate, because altruist value service, charity, and selflessness.
Pascal describes all the ideals that humans believe will make their lives happier and better, but he believes the only happiness will come later in the afterlife and by wanting in this life they will be unhappy. Pascal says, "..they cannot be happy unless their health, their honor, their fortune, and that of their friends be in good condition, and that a single thing wanting will make them unhappy," (50). Pascal explains that human 's passions are detrimental to their reality and the passions they have will make them unhappy when they are unable to obtain them. Pascal titles one section of his text "The Necessity of Hope", he explains that humans need to hope to find truth in their life as the human condition is set in a stage of uncertainty. Pascal says, "We cannot but desire the truth and happiness, and are incapable of certainty or happiness" (57).
Hesiod and Euripides argue that people worship the gods so that they avoid punishment; however, Hesiod argues that the gods are worth worshipping because they also give good Strife to promote productivity, while Euripides argues that blind faith is ludicrous because it prevents people from developing their own moral compass. Hesiod uses Works and Days to illustrate how the gods marked out meaningful tasks for humans, so that humans could always be preoccupied with something productive. According to Hesiod, this makes the gods worth worshipping, because the gods demonstrate how they have humans in their best interests through giving them good Strife, which makes people more productive within their community. In contrast, Euripides uses Orestes
Socrates’ primary concern is for the soul, and for this reason, he would like to be rid of the body insofar as it interferes with the welfare of the soul. It is true that the rest of the world are of the opinion that apart from bodily pleasures life is not worth living, but in this respect they are mistaken. The philosopher knows that the soul is superior to the body and should be its master rather than its slave. As the body desires pleasures of the flesh, so the soul desires wisdom. The pleasures of the body are experienced through the senses, but the acquiring of wisdom comes only through the mind.
A life of greed creates an illusion of happiness, but in reality, greed only leads to self-destruction. Mark Ruffalo, however, represents the mean between excess and deficiency. Ruffalo lives life in an altruistic way; he takes care of himself while also being a social activist and humanitarian. According to Aristotle, finding a balance between greed and selflessness, the deficient and excessive, will lead to a life involving long-term happiness. Therefore, way to make yourself truly happy is to live a life of
They compare their well of lives to the horrible life of the child and are thankful for what they have. They do not want to end up like the child so they do not take their lives for granted and they dwell in their happiness and prosperity instead. The narrator says, “The trouble is that we have a bad habit…of considering happiness as something rather stupid.”
In addition, the virtue of Plato’s view on the worldly existence is that it is very optimistic. He stresses the importance of education (of the soul), which is a good thing. Also, he wants people to live in harmony with each other. Nevertheless, I’m afraid that people aren’t capable of having so much solidarity by sharing their knowledge with others, after they have escaped the cave. I think that it would result in a group of elite, who have more knowledge than others, and instead of sharing their knowledge, they would keep it to themselves, and inequality will
With this thought, Glaucon begins to list the benefits that stem from living a just life, illustrating the lavish lifestyle one will receive when in Hades. He then further explains that virtue will be received from the gods for continuing generations to those who lived piously. In contrast, those who live impiously will suffer negative penalties, and will receive from the gods what is not given to the just. In an attempt to restructure the argument, , Glaucon contends that justice and moderation are attainable, however, onerous to achieve, while injustice is easy to attain and more profitable, but is vilified only in opinion and law when compared to the former (40). By associating justice with the weak and poverty stricken and injustice with power and wealth, it is implicated that the first is disregarded by society, and the last is honored