Haitian Revolution Causes

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The period from 1780s to 1840s in Europe is named as the age of revolution because of emergences of numbers revolutions such as industrial revolution starting from Britain in between 1700s to 1800s and French revolution from 1789 to 1871.Considered as a colony of French, Saint-Domingue, whose today territory is Republic of Haiti and Dominica Republic, was the wealthiest colony in the world in 1780s. It is also known as the first and the only colony that had successful slave revolt in the age of revolution. This paper is going to discuss the causes, main events and significences of Haitian revolution. Sant-Domingue was wealthy and famous for sugar, coffee, indigo, cotton and cacao. It also involed in the trading with other Carribean colonies…show more content…
Similarly to the grands blancs, the petits blancs required to have equal rights as the grands blancs because of their whiteness (Klooster, 88). In April of 1790, the whites formed a General Assembly and declared their sovereign power to Sant-Domingue (Klooster, 97). After the whites, the free people of color and the slaves also required for more political rights. They sent their deputy, a white laywer to the National Assembly to call the government stop the dinstinction between different groups and abolish slavery and slave trade in Sant-Domingue (Klooster, 94-95). After the revolt of the blacks started, the freemen of color made alliance with the whites to fight against the blacks, they got full civid rights on April 4, 1792 (Klooster, 99). Up to this point, the revolution in Sant- Domingue had spreaded to the free color of people, the following paragraph demonstrated the expansion of the revolution to the lowest class of people in Saint-Domingue, the…show more content…
Firstly, in this revolution Haitian slaves pioneer to fight for the abolition of slavery. Their success demonstrates power of union and slaves that the current Europeans have to say that "The European powers underestimated the resilience of the black rebels" (Klooster, 110). It encourages slaves to stand and fight for their natural human rights. Secondly, Haitian revolution motivates people from colonies to revolt for their independence from usually European countries. After the start of industrial revolution, European economy dramatically grew and their demands for new markets, new materials, labors promptly increased, which caused colonial expansion. An superiority of the whites over other groups also emerged from that (Hobsbawm, 70). Therefore, when small and weak countries fell under control of European empires and became their colonies, the indigenous not only were forced to give up their freedom but also human rights. The Haitian revolution, therefore lighted up a belief about independence for those people and for their own
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