Harappan Civilization Analysis

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Harappan or Indus Valley Civilization was one of the modern Civilization of that time with many evidences of being it an urban one with many urban centers like Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa, Lothal, Dholavira etc. The early world have seen the best drainage system at the times of Harrapans. Every house had both vertical and horizontal drains. The stone covered drains (stones can be removed in order to clean them) had a brickwork preventing the leaking of unhygienic water. Also, in order to prevent washing away of solid wastes along with dirty water, drains were provided with wooden screens. Even the roads were provided with drains on both sides which are connected with the house drains. The streets during the modern Harappan civilization ran from east to west and north to south intersecting at right angles, which are also joined by the lanes.…show more content…
Let us look at an example of how trading of uniform equipments made from limestone were done. Limestone was recovered from the hills at Sakhar. Instead of sending big pieces to far away places where they can be processed to convert them into flint and fine blades which were then further converted to equipments (end product to hit the market places) they were having factories closer to the place of extraction. Moreover it has been found that there were having bangle-making and shell working taking place near coastal areas. Satisfactorily proofs of presence of builders, brick makers, potters, faience workers, traders are available to prove that trade has its roots at that time. There are many evidences of internal trade of artefacts made up of copper, seals, weights, bricks, beads etc. Agricultural products such as rice were traded from Gujarat to Punjab, cotton to townships like Banwali, Harappa etc. Even cities like Lothal, Harappa show that once they used to be hub for producing weapons, kitchenware and many other

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