Health Belief Model Case Study

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I chose to use the Health Belief Model, borrowed from the behavioral sciences, which explain the health behavior of the individuals. According to Rosenstock (1988), Health Belief Model contains six constructs: 1) perceived susceptibility, 2) perceived severity, 3) perceived benefits, 4) perceived barriers, 5) cues to action, and 6) self-efficacy. Rosenstock, Strecher, and Becker (1994) describe perceived susceptibility as whether or not a person regards themselves as being susceptible to an illness or being harmed due to becoming or not becoming involved in a behavior. Perceived susceptibility motivates individuals to be vaccinated for flu and to use sunscreen to prevent skin cancer. Perceived severity is the personal belief of an individual about the…show more content…
First of all, I need to establish a satisfying provider-patient relationship with Kate. Then assess the causes of her inability to sleep and recent panic attack. Recent death of her spouse is a major cause of her insomnia. I will recommend non-pharmacological interventions to manage the insomnia. Kate’s hypertension, history of smoking and family history of heart disease would put her at risk of cardiovascular disease. Using the Health Belief Model, Kate has a low perceived susceptibility and low perceived severity. As Poudel, and Sumi (2017) study showed people tend to misjudge their own risk; therefore, providing accurate communication about risk has the potential to motivate patients to initiate and maintain behavior changes. In order to educate Kate, I must first see what her perceived susceptibility is. If she is not aware of her personal risk factors, my plan would be on educating her about them. If Kate is aware of the risk but does not have the confidence or believes the behavior change is overwhelming, my plan would be focused on ways to eliminate or reduce those perceived
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